50 Low Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs (Best Type for Every Use & Grow Zone)

Low maintenance evergreen shrubs graphic, with six different front yard low maintenance evergreen shrubs for shade or for containers.

Low-maintenance evergreen shrubs are a go-to for homeowners who use them as foundation plants, ornamental landscaping trees, and privacy hedges.

The upside of planting these types of evergreen trees is that they maintain their beautiful leaf colors all year round.

This complete guide outlines the most popular 50 low maintenance evergreen shrubs, and explains where they grow and the best use for each type.

Best 10 Low Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs (With Pictures): Identification Guide

There are hundreds of evergreen shrub species to choose from, but it takes a keen eye to identify evergreen and low-maintenance varieties.

Below are some of the most common options for homeowners, grouped in sections of 10, based on the use.

Close up image of a Texas Sage with its pink flowers and dull green leaves.

(Image: Almapayokels31)

#1: Texas Ranger (Leucophyllum frutescens)

The Texas Ranger is a stunning flowering shrub with dense foliage that grows 8 feet high and 6 feet across.

Its features make it an ideal landscaping plant, but its identifiable trait is the purple bell-like flowers that grow in summer and stay till fall. You can use the bush as a foundation, hedge, border, or specimen.

#2: Japanese Barberry (Berberis thunbergii)

Another low-maintenance tree is the Japanese Barberry, known for its attractive red leaves, yellow flowers, and bright red berry clusters.

Closeup of photo of a Japanese Barberry with its red leaves.

(Image: ignartonosbg32)

It also has spiked stems, hence suitable for fencing. It is the top choice if you want to add color to your landscaping and the best part is that it is hardy, living in zone 4-8.

Closeup of Indian Hawthorn with its pink and white flowers.

(Image: darcyrogers32)

#3: Indian Hawthorn (Rhaphiolepis indica)

If you always go for flowering shrubs, you can consider the Indian hawthorn, a long-blooming bush with attractive pink and white scented flowers.

Its leathery, impressive feature is thatovate leaves are also eye-catching, like the dark blue berries, and it grows to 4-6 feet and prefers hardiness zones 8-11.3

#4: False Cypress ‘Golden Charm’ (Chamaecyparis pisifera ‘Golden Charm’)

Wide shot of False Cypress ‘Golden Charm’ in a grass field with other trees.

(Image: Daderot31)

This dwarf shrub is also easy to maintain and is popular for its yellow leaves, pyramidal growth pattern, and drooping branches.12 It reaches 6 feet high and is a perfect specimen plant or border shrub.

If you want to achieve the most vivid foliage colors, consider planting it if you live in hardiness zone 4-8 and ensure full sunlight exposure.


#5: Chinese Privet (Ligustrum sinense ‘Sunshine’)

The Chinese Privet is also a dwarf tree that you can grow for its elegant look and easy maintenance.11,10

It features tiny scented flower clusters forming dark berries in fall, growing 3-6 feet. Its yellowish leaves also add color to your landscape, and it is versatile for use as a specimen tree or small hedge.

#6: Golden Mop Cypress (Chamaecyparis pisifera ‘Golden Mop’)

As the name suggests, the Golden Mop is a vibrant yellow tree known for its unique color, needled leaves, and high drought tolerance.13

Close up image of a Gold Mop Cypress with its gold leaves and a cardboard attached to it.

(Image: Tomwsulcer31)

It also has a slow growth rate and takes a conical shape as it grows, while its 7 feet height makes it suitable for a privacy hedge.

Top view image of Inkberry Evergreen Shrub with its black berries and green leaves.

(Image: Douglas Goldman34)

#7: Inkberry Evergreen Shrubs (Ilex glabra)

These all-year-round evergreen plants have dense, elliptical leaves and star-shaped flowers that form dark berries in fall.14 The Inkberry black flowers grow steadily, thrive in zones 4-11 under full sunlight, and typically reach 5-8 feet.

There are no restrictions to where you can plant them; they can survive in containers and hedgerows and are not picky with well-drained soils.

#8: Photinia ‘Red Robin’ (Photinia x fraseri ‘Red Robin’)

Going by its name, the Photinia is an exceptional red-leafed low-maintenance shrub that usually grows erect.

Closeup of Photinia ‘Red Robin’ with its red flower stalks and white flowers.

(Image: puntodipvigo32)

It gets greener the more it grows to maturity from summer to winter. It also makes a perfect aesthetic shrub due to its tiny white flowers that turn into red berries.

Closeup of False Holly with its pointed leaves and blue berries.

(Image: arielphoto32)

#9: False Holly (Osmanthus heterophyllus)

Like other flowering holly species, this shrub is a suitable ornamental tree that loves the sun and is famous as a landscaping tree.

It prefers USDA zones 7-9 and grows to 10 feet. It’s grown for its beautiful look, thanks to the leathery leaves, dark berries, and fragrant white flowers.

#10: Firethorn Shrub – Mohave Pyracantha (Pyracantha x ‘Mohave’) – Evergreen Thorny Shrub

Closeup of Firethorn Shrub with its reddish berry-like pomes.

(Image: mbc-201632)

The Firethorn consists of massive shrubs with ovate leaves, thorny stems, white flowers, and dense reddish berry-like pomes. They grow 10-15 feet and prefer growing under a direct or partial shade with a fast-growing rate of 2 feet yearly.

10 Best Front Yard Low Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs

Planting landscaping shrubs and trees at the front of your house enhance its curb appeal and is one of the solutions how to stop climate change. Below are the top ten best evergreen shrubs for front of houses.

Closeup of Gem Box Inkberry Holly with its dark green leaves.

(Image: David J. Stang35)

#1: Gem Box Inkberry Holly

This low-maintenance evergreen shrub is from the Holly family.8 It grows rounded in a ball-like bush and can reach 2-3 feet high, thriving under full sunlight in your front yard or a slight shade.

It prefers growing in zones 5-9, and many plant them for their attractive shape.

#2: Green Velvet Boxwood

Like many other Boxwood shrubs, the Green Velvet Boxwood is an excellent landscaping tree to grow in your home, single or in a group.30

Close up image of a Green Velvet Boxwood shrubs with its green leaves.

(Image: Agnieszka Kwiecień36)

Its natural ball shape, green foliage, and 3-4 feet height make it ideal for your hedges. This boxwood loves zones 5-9, and its impressive feature is it is resilient through winter.

Wide shot of Little Gem Norway Spruce situated next to a walkway.

(Image: Washington State University37)

#3: Little Gem Norway Spruce

Standing at 1-2 feet tall, the Little Gem is one of the easiest shrubs to maintain.15 It is cold, hardy, thriving in a wide range of zones 2-8, and is popular for its tidiness and minimal maintenance.

You can have it as a foundation or specimen tree, but it is more common for rocky gardens.

#4: Manhattan Euonymus

If you prefer taller trees, this evergreen, fast-growing species is a go-to, reaching 6-8 feet high and requiring zones 5-8.

Given its height and growth rate, you can have it as a stunning backdrop or privacy hedge. It resembles a giant boxwood and has the same aesthetic effect on your front yard.16

Wide shot of Moonglow Junipers with its pyramid-like shape situated in gardens.

(Image: Oregon State University33)

#5: Moonglow Juniper

This variety is a common hedging or privacy screen shrub, able to grow to an impressive 18-20 feet high. It has elegant silvery green foliage and doesn’t require much maintenance, especially when growing in its suitable hardiness zone 3-7.

The Moonglow Juniper has a unique pyramidal shape and works best when grouped with other similar trees to create a natural hedge.17

#6: Fragrant Tea Olive

If scented trees are at the top of your list, the fragrant Tea Olive is the perfect low-maintenance plant for your home. It grows in zones 7-10 and, as the name suggests, is famous for its fragrant jasmine-like flowers.

Closeup of Fragrant Tea Olive shrub with its leaves and orange flowers.

(Image: Love Krittaya31)

It reaches 10 feet when mature, becoming a beautiful broad-leafed flowering shrub.

#7: Sunshine Ligustrum

This privet is a tiny, fast-growing bush with bright golden leaves.18 It is known for its hardiness and resistance to common diseases and harsh weather.

It grows to 4 feet. For instance, it can survive mildew fungal infestations and tolerate heat and drought.

Therefore, the Sunshine Ligustrum is suitable as a low border or sidewalk shrub.

#8: Perfume Princess Daphne

From the name, you can tell that this shrub is known for its sweet scent and attractive flowers. Given its low height of about 4 feet, it is best for use in entrances, driveways, or as a low border.

Closeup of Perfume Princess Daphne plant with its pink flowers.

(Image: Buntysmum32)

It doesn’t mind sunny spots, doesn’t need frequent watering, and can grow in USDA zones 7-9.1

Closeup of Debutante Camellia with its dark pink flowers.

(Image: Marisa0432)

#9: Debutante Camellia

Camellias are known for their striking flowers, and the best part is that they grow massive, attaining 8-12 feet in height.7 The Camellia flower makes beautiful backdrops, and you can fully enjoy them in spring.19

This species is resilient even under temperatures of -12 degrees Celsius and is perfect for hardiness zones 7-10.

#10: Emerald Fountain Canadian Hemlock

The Emerald is another massive tree that grows in zones 4-8, and you can plant it if you prefer giant natural hedges at the front of your home.

Closeup of Emerald Fountain Canadian Hemlock with its flat needles and young pine cones.

(Image: benjamin_failor32)

The Canadian Hemlock reaches 10 feet when mature and makes an impressive privacy screen thanks to the thick foliage.

10 Best Low-Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs for Containers

Planters are trendy, given how they make fantastic décor for your space inside and outside the home. The following are the most common evergreen shrubs you can plant in containers at home.

Harland Boxwood with its dark green leaves and yellow flowers.

(Image: David J. Stang39)

#1: Harland Boxwood (Buxus)

The Boxwood shrubs are the most common container plants, given their attractive look and how you can shape them however you like.

The Harland Boxwood grows 4-6 feet and can work as a beautiful border that stays evergreen all year round. It can also brave harsh winters and is best for hardiness zones 7-9.20

#2: Dwarf Mugo Pine

The Dwarf Mugo is another excellent plant for your container garden, and the upside is its rounded gum-drop-like form. It typically grows slowly and doesn’t lose shape if you don’t prune it, although trimming enhances its look.

Closeup of Dwarf Mugo Pine with yellow pines and sprouting new needle pines.

(Image: Hans32)

It will grow in USDA zones 3-7 and reach a full height of 3-5 feet, taking about ten years to fully mature.

#3: Sky Pencil Holly

This narrow, slender tree is a female breed that will grow berries if a male species is nearby. It can grow tall in the open, although it serves as a container plant well.

The slender Sky Pencil Holly withstands a slight shade, and many use it as a low-privacy screen.21

#4: Green Gem Boxwood

This Boxwood is another favorite plant in or around your home thanks to its classic ball shape and 2-3 feet height, making it a cute tiny shrub.

Rows of trimmed Green Gem Boxwood with its dark green leaves.

(Image: Kurios35732)

It also has leathery leaves and is low maintenance, perfect for your landscaping needs. You can place the Green Gem Boxwood under partial or full sunlight and grow it in zones 4-9.

#5: Winter Gem Boxwood

This Boxwood’s size makes it a perfect container plant, and like others from the same family, it grows into an attractive ornamental tree for your home.

You can use the Boxwood leaves for décor, foundation planting, or traditional designs.22

#6: Dwarf Globe Blue Spruce

Dwarf species are usually suitable for planters, and this blue spruce is a top choice for its vibrant bluish-green leaves that add color to your container garden.9

Dwarf Globe Blue Spruce with its blue-green pines.

(Image: leoleobobeo32)

The Dwarf Globe Blue Spruce prefers moist soil and is resilient to harsh conditions, although it prefers zones 2-7.

Wide shot of Moon Frost Hemlock shrub with its shades of green leaves situated on dirt.

(Image: Washington State University40)

#7: Moon Frost Hemlock

This stunning tree is also low maintenance, but there is only one rule; as with other hemlocks, the moon frost loves shades and requires planting in cool locations.4

The Moon Frost Hemlock reaches 5 feet maximum height and looks incredible as a landscaping tree.23

#8: Fire Chief Globe Arborvitae

This species growing in zones 5-8 adds color to your home with its gold and red hues. This globe is ideal for your garden, hedgerow, or solitary container under full or partial shade.

Close up photo of a Fire Chief Globe Arborvitae with leaves in green.

(Image: Barthwo32)

#9: Compact Maximum Rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum ‘Compacta’)

This smaller rhododendron variety features broad leaves and huge pinkish-purple flowers, making it a stunning tree for container planting. It only reaches 3 feet high but heavily attracts bumble bees who love the flowers.

Luckily, you don’t have to prune it frequently since it will maintain its shape for a long time.

#10: Dwarf Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii ‘Kotobuki’)

This Dwarf tree grows relatively slowly into a dense, Evergreen shrub with needles and grows to half the size of the standard Japanese black pine.

Its narrow growing nature makes the Dwarf Japanese Black Pine a go-to for planting in containers, and the upside is that it is winter hardy, surviving at -20°F.,5

Best 10 Low-Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs for Shade

If you are looking for giant low-maintenance evergreen shrubs that grow tall, providing sufficient cover and shade for your home, you can consider the following.

Closeup of Wintercreeper with its green leaves with white edges.

(Image: J_Blueberry32)

#1: Wintercreeper (Euonymus fortunei)

The Wintercreeper or Fortune’s Spindle is a shrub that survives under sunlight or shade and comes in bright green, yellow, and cream varieties.

You can grow it in zones 5-9, use it as a climbing vine or shrub for shade, and choose your ideal color variation.

#2: Japanese Skimmia

The Japanese Skimmia is a popular shrub that grows slowly, reaching a maximum of 5 feet in height. You can use it as a low-shade tree, container plant, or general landscaping.

Closeup of Japanese Skimmia shrub with its red berries.

(Image: MabelAmber32)

On the plus side, planting the male and female cultivars results in beautiful red berries in the summer.

Photo of Sea Green Juniper branches and green needles in a grass field.

(Image: Chhe31)

#3: Sea Green Juniper

The Sea Green Juniper can make a perfect hedge around your home, and it helps that it grows tall, reaching 6 feet high. You can also use it as a backdrop complimenting it with other ornamental trees.

It is also drought tolerant and grow best in hardiness zones 4-9.

#4: Dwarf Alberta Spruce

This dwarf spruce grows cone-shaped to a full size of 5-8 feet high, and you can plant it in groups or as an accent tree for landscaping.24

Wide shot of Dwarf Alberta Spruce situated on a sloped terrain.

(Image: Oregon State University33)

Their triangular shape also makes it unnecessary to prune them, and the impressive feature is that they are deer resistant.6

#5: Hollywood Juniper

Like other junipers, this species is a favorite among homeowners, especially given its giant 15 feet height when mature. It is a massive evergreen shrub with unique twisted leaves and a natural rustic look, living best in zones 5-9.25

#6: Cherry Laurel (Prunus laurocerasus)

If you are looking for a stunning flowering plant, the Cherry Laurel is the best shrub. It is a giant 12 feet tall flowering hedge or natural fence, and you can plant it as a single specimen.

Closeup of Cherry Laurel with its red and black fruits.

(Image: ulleo32)

The best part is that the Cherry Laurel Hedge attracts pollinators, and the flowers later transform into tasty red fruits that birds love.

Closeup of Japanese Aralia with its black fruits.

(Image: dassel32)

#7: Japanese Aralia

This rounded broadleaf shrub grows at a moderate rate to reach 5-8 feet high and thrives in zones 8-11. The Japanese Aralia is a versatile tree that you can use as a hedge around your home or alongside your pool to offer shade.

Additionally, like some of the rarest trees in the world, this species is unique such that it doesn’t like total sun exposure and would rather grow under partial shade.

#8: Victory Pyracantha

This species is another broadleaf evergreen bush famous for its bright red berries and thorny stems. When mature, the Victory Pyracantha reaches 8-10 feet high and serves perfectly as a hedge or windbreak, thanks to its size.

Closeup of Victory Pyracantha bush with its orange berries and white flowers.

(Image: Forest & Kim Starr42)

Zones 7-9 are the most suitable conditions for its growth, and it is common among people living in the Coastal areas.

#9: Blue Princess Holly

This massive holly cultivar grows to an impressive 10-15 feet high and is usually grown as a hedge. Besides being easy to maintain, they are also known for their striking red berries and blue-green leaves.

It makes the Blue Holly suitable as a natural backdrop for other ornamental trees.26

#10: Southern Wax Myrtle

This broadleaf variety is another massive tree, reaching a whopping 15 feet high and wide. Therefore, the Southern Wax Myrtle tree is a perfect privacy screen, and shade tree for your home.

Closeup of Southern Wax Myrtle with its clustered blue fruits.

(Image: David J. Stang43)

The best part is that its yellow-green flowers make it an elegant landscaping tree.

10 Low Maintenance Landscaping Evergreen Shrubs

Landscaping can be tiresome, from the pruning and watering to overall maintenance; luckily, it doesn’t have to be thanks to these low-maintenance evergreen shrubs.

Closeup of Oregon Grape Holly with its budding yellow flowers.

(Image: Elsemargriet32)

#1: Oregon Grape Holly

The Oregon Grape Holly is one of the most popular Holly cultivars with a signature broadleaf look, reddish-green leaves, and yellow flowers that transform into edible berries.

It reaches 5 feet high and heavily attracts pollinators and birds with its flowers and fruits.

#2: Hinoki Cypress

This evergreen species is ideal as a foundation plant and comes in three main variations, the night light, Koster’s, and tempelhof Hinoki Cypresses, each in different heights.


Closeup of Hinoki Cypress with its branches and green leaves.

(Image: Oregon State University33)


The Hinoki Cypress is also commonly known as the False Cypress and is native to Japan, growing perfectly in zones 5-8.27

Closeup of Green Mountain Boxwood with its ovate dark green leaves.

(Image: Alexas_Fotos32)

#3: Green Mountain Boxwood

Your landscaping is incomplete without Boxwood shrubs and the green mountain levels up to the name.

It is a stunning tree that grows low, at about 3 feet high like its cousins but has a unique pyramidal shape. The Green Mountain Boxwood love growing under the sun but still withstand shade and thrive under zones 5-8.2

#4: Bird’s Nest Spruce

This special evergreen shrub is popular because it grows low and has a spreading habit, reaching 3 feet high and 4-5 feet across.

Closeup of Bird’s Nest Spruce with its bright green pines.

(Image: Johan112732)

The Bird’s Nest Spruce is bowl-like, growing tall outside and shorter inside, a unique shape that makes it ideal for landscaping.

Wide shot of Blue Star Juniper with its silver-green leaves situated on dirt.

(Image: Oregon State University33)

#5: Blue Star Juniper

The Blue Star Juniper loves the sun and doesn’t do well in shaded spots.28 It is a tiny needled evergreen tree that grows 3 feet high and wide, making it suitable for use as a foundation.

Its silvery green leaves help add color to your home and contrast well with other ornamental trees.

#6: Arp Rosemary

The Rosemary is a must-have in your home if you are looking for a versatile shrub. Besides its ornamental value, it is also an aromatic tree you can use in recipes.

Closeup of Arp Rosemary with its tiny bluish-purple flowers.

(Image: JACLOU-DL32)

It is hardy, living in zones 6-10, and has unique bluish-purple flowers in the summer. On the downside, growing it outside its hardiness zone leaves it vulnerable to winter damage.

Photo of an Eternal Fragrance Daphne with its flowers in a rocky surface.

(Image: Daderot31)

#7: Eternal Fragrance Daphne

Lovers of aromatic flowering shrubs take to this beautiful evergreen tree that is perfect for landscaping.29

Homeowners plant them in walkways, entryways, and decks where the people nearby can fully see and enjoy them. Another advantage is that it can survive under slight shades and lives in zones 6-9.

#8: August Beauty Gardenia

This flowering beauty is adapted to warmer regions of zones 8-11 and is known for its elegant appearance.

Closeup of August Beauty Gardenia with its ovate leaves and white flower.

(Image: punnamjai32)

It is also huge, reaching 6 feet high when mature, although it can only withstand cold to about -20 degrees. You can experiment with planting it in various spots around the front or back of the house, but the August Beauty Gardenia is best as an entryway where more people can enjoy its fragrance.

Photo of a Soft Caress with its green leaves with a label signage.

(Image: Michael Rivera44)

#9: Soft Caress Mahonia

The dwarf Mahonia breed is another flowering plant that you need as part of your landscaping. It can be an accent tree or grown en masse with other trees for aesthetics.

However, the soft leaves make it ideal for planting in walkways, unlike the needled alternatives.

#10: Emerald Gaiety Euonymus

This broadleaf species is famous for the variegated leaves that make it stand out, perfect for landscaping.

Closeup of Emerald Gaiety Euonymus with its variegated leaves.

(Image: viarami32)

It thrives in USDA zones 5-9 and can survive full sun exposure or shade though the leaves won’t be as vivid. It grows to 4 feet high and wide and works best for foundation planting.

Common Low Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs

The most popular evergreen shrub families include the following groups of trees.

Dwarf Spruce Shrubs (Picea)

Spruce may be known for their gigantic sizes, but homeowners love how the dwarf varieties are perfect for landscaping. They grow to 1-4 feet based on the breed and are usually pyramidal, although some types are flattened at the top.

Mahonia Evergreen Shrubs

These groups of trees are easily identifiable by their glossy, leathery spiked leaves. The Mahonia aquifolium (Oregon Grape Holly) and Mahonia japonica (Japanese Mahonia) is the most common from the family and are popular for their beauty and unique features like flowers and colorful berries.

Related Reading: 232 Types of Flowers: How To Identify and Grow Flowers In Any Season

Yew Shrubs (Taxus): Low-Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs

Yews are known for their dense foliage and soft needle-like leaves. They also have vibrant red fruits that add color to otherwise plain landscapes.

The favorite yews include the English, Anglo-Japanese, and Canadian yews.

Holly Shrubs (Ilex): Low-Maintenance Evergreen Plants

Hollies are widely known for their red berries and attractive jagged leaves. They come in various forms that are perfect for landscaping, privacy hedges, and shades.

You can go for the English holly with variegated leaves or the dwarf yaupon holly that grows rounded.

Low Maintenance Evergreen Flowering Azalea Shrubs

Flowering azalea shrubs are known for their beautiful pink, purple, blue, and white hues, ideal for adding color to your front or back yard. They improve your curb appeal, and you can use them as specimen trees, privacy hedges, or containers.

Trees magically change the face of your home, whether planted inside or around the house. The green leaves and flowers add color to plain landscapes, and you can choose from the hundreds of available ornamental trees.

Related Reading: 28 Types of Trees by Location, Species, Leaves, Colors (Pictures)

You can never go wrong with the perfect evergreen shrub that maintains its shape and form all year round. Homeowners use them for their home’s aesthetics at the front or back yard or as privacy hedges around the property.

What Are Low Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs?

These are groups of multi-stemmed bushes that don’t need much care. Their foliage stays intact all year round, and they don’t shed their leaves in fall like other deciduous trees.

They also don’t require regular pruning or watering and can thrive in various soil types. These factors make the evergreen shrubs excellent landscaping options for homeowners.

How Can You Protect Your Evergreen Shrubs During Winter?

Harsh winters and heavy snowfall can affect even the most resilient evergreen trees. You can guard your shrubs by wrapping them in burlap or other special covers to keep the weak twigs safe.

Alternatively, you can spray anti-desiccants to reduce water loss or build a makeshift windbreak like a large screen to shield the trees from the strong winter winds.

You can also find stunning low-maintenance evergreen shrubs for all your needs, whether planting them in containers, for shade, or for landscaping.

Frequently Asked Questions About Low Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs

What Do I Need To Know How To Choose Low-Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs for a Landscape?

When planting low-maintenance evergreen trees, the most crucial factors are whether your hardiness zone and sun exposure suit the particular species.

Meeting these requirements ensures that the shrubs grow healthy and more beautiful since they will be under ideal conditions.

What Are the Best 6-Foot-Tall Low-Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs?

There are giant evergreen shrubs that measure more than 6 feet high, suitable for fencing and privacy hedges. The most popular options include the Japanese Aralia, Dwarf Mugo Pine, August Beauty Gardenia, Sea Green Juniper, Oregon Grape Holly, and the Perfume Princess Daphne.

Read More About Low Maintenance Evergreen Shrubs


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18University of Florida Environmental Horticulture. (2023). Ligustrum sinense ‘Sunshine’ (OLEACEAE). UF | IFAS. Retrieved February 13, 2023, from <https://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/plantid/library/common/Ligustrum%20sinense%20%27Sunshine%27>

19Clemson University. (2018, November 29). Camellia. HIGC | Clemson Cooperative Extension. Retrieved February 13, 2023, from <https://hgic.clemson.edu/factsheet/camellia/>

20Hu, Q., Xia, N., Wu, D., Xing, F., Li, Z., Lai, P. C. C., Lam, Y., Yip, K., Baretto, G., Corlett, R., & Ng, S. (2003, June). Rare and Precious Plants of Hong Kong (Online Version). Hong Kong Herbarium. Retrieved February 14, 2023, from <https://www.herbarium.gov.hk/en/publications/books/book2/text/buxus-harlandii/index.html>

21Breen, P. (2023). Ilex crenata ‘Sky Pencil’. OSU | College of Agricultural Sciences – Department of Horticulture. Retrieved February 14, 2023, from <https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/plants/ilex-crenata-sky-pencil>

22Breen, P. (2023). Buxus microphylla var. koreana ‘Winter Gem’. OSU | College of Agricultural Sciences – Department of Horticulture. Retrieved February 14, 2023, from <https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/plants/buxus-microphylla-var-koreana-winter-gem>

23Board of Regents | Washington State University. (2023). Moon Frost Canadian Hemlock. Retrieved February 14, 2023, from <http://www.pnwplants.wsu.edu/PlantDisplay.aspx?PlantID=348>

24Board of Regents | Washington State University. (2023). Picea glauca ‘Conica’. OSU | College of Agricultural Sciences – Department of Horticulture. Retrieved February 14, 2023, from <https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/plants/picea-glauca-conica>

25Board of Regents | Washington State University. (2023). Juniperus chinensis ‘Torulosa’. OSU | College of Agricultural Sciences – Department of Horticulture. Retrieved February 14, 2023, from <https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/plants/juniperus-chinensis-torulosa>

26Board of Regents | Washington State University. (2023). Ilex × meserveae. OSU | College of Agricultural Sciences – Department of Horticulture. Retrieved February 14, 2023, from <https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/plants/ilex-meserveae>

27Board of Regents | Washington State University. (2023). Chamaecyparis obtusa ‘Fernspray Gold’. OSU | College of Agricultural Sciences – Department of Horticulture. Retrieved February 14, 2023, from <https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/plants/chamaecyparis-obtusa-fernspray-gold>

28Breen, P. (2023). Juniperus squamata ‘Blue Star’. OSU | College of Agricultural Sciences – Department of Horticulture. Retrieved February 14, 2023, from <https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/plants/juniperus-squamata-blue-star>

29JC Raulston Arboretum. (2023). Daphne ‘Hinton’. JC Raulston Arboretum. Retrieved January 17, 2023, from <https://jcra.ncsu.edu/resources/photographs/results-botanical-name.php?pageNum_photographcollectionplantsrecordset=0&totalRows_photographcollectionplantsrecordset=3&search=124250>

30Klingaman, G. (2013, November 17). Plant of the Week: Boxwood, Green Velvet. UofA | Cooperative Extension Service. Retrieved February 14, 2023, from <https://www.uaex.uada.edu/yard-garden/resource-library/plant-week/boxwood_green_velvet_11-27-13.aspx>

31Texas Ranger by Almapayokels. False Cypress by Daderot. Golden Mop Cypress by Tomwsulcer. Sea Green Juniper by Chhe. Eternal Fragrance Daphne by  Daderot. Fragrant Tea Olive by Love Krittaya. Public Domain. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Main_Page>

32Emerald Fountain Canadian Hemlock by benjamin_failor, Dwarf Mugo Pine by Hans, Green Gem Boxwood by Kurios357, Dwarf Globe Blue Spruce by leoleobobeo, Fire Chief Globe Arborvitae by Barthwo, Wintercreeper  by J_Blueberry, Japanese Skimmia by MabelAmber, Cherry Laurel by ulleo, Japanese Aralia by dassel, Oregon Grape Holly Elsemargriet, Green Mountain Boxwood by Alexas_Fotos, Bird’s Nest Spruce by Johan1127, Arp Rosemary by JACLOU-DL, August Beauty Gardenia by punnamjai, Emerald Gaiety Euonymus by viarami, Indian Hawthorn by darcyrogers, Photinia ‘Red Robin’ by puntodipvigo, False Holly by arielphoto, Firethorn Shrub by mbc-2016, Debutante Camellia by Marisa04. Japanese Barberry by Marta Wave. Perfume Princess Daphneby Buntysmum. Pixabay. Retrieved from <https://pixabay.com/>

33Moonglow Juniper, Dwarf Alberta Spruce, Hinoki Cypress, Blue Star Juniper. Oregon State University. Retrieved from <https://landscapeplants.oregonstate.edu/>

34Douglas Goldman. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Resized. Changed Format. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:IlexGlabra14.jpg>

35David J. Stang. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Resized, Changed Format. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ilex_glabra_Shamrock_0zz.jpg>

36Agnieszka Kwiecień. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Resized, Changed Format. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Buxus_%27Green_Velvet%27_Bukszpan_2019-06-01_03.jpg>

37Washington State University. WSU Clark County Extension. Retrieved from <http://pnwplants.wsu.edu/PlantDisplay.aspx?PlantID=633>

38deleted <https://deleted>

39David J. Stang. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Resized. Changed Format. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Buxus_harlandii_1zz.jpg>

40Washington State University. WSU Clark County Extension. Retrieved from <http://www.pnwplants.wsu.edu/PlantDisplay.aspx?PlantID=348>

41deleted <https://deleted>

42Forest & Kim Starr. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Starr_010423-0023_Pyracantha_koidzumii.jpg>

43David J. Stang. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Resized, Changed Format. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Myrica_cerifera_0zz.jpg>

44Michael Rivera. (CC BY-SA 4.0). Resized, Changed Format. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Coastal_Georgia_Botanical_Gardens,_Narrowleaf_Grape_Holly_Mahonia_eurybracteata_%27Soft_Caress%27.jpg>