Jacaranda Tree Guide: Growing Zones For Each State (7 Common Problems)

Kim Williamson, Author 8 Billion TreesWritten by Kim Williamson

Forestry, Trees and Tree Planting | February 22, 2024

Woman arranging blooms on jacaranda tree, wonders about the jacaranda tree growing zones, and if there is a planting guide for blue jacaranda trees, also called "jackoranda tree" that includes care tips and jacaranda tree identification charts.

Arguably one of the loveliest trees on the planet, the Blue Jacaranda Tree is considered by many to be the perfect addition to a home garden or landscape.

And, did you know that this tree can actually capture up to 5 tons of carbon emissions every year?

But, before you head out and buy (or plant) a Jacaranda Tree, there are a few things to consider. For example, only a handful of states have the appropriate growing zones for jacaranda and furthermore, even this amazing tree has its share of challenges.

This complete guide to Jacaranda tree growing zones, planting tips and care also includes all the information you ever wanted to know about this gorgeous tree, including how to identify it and avoid 7 common problems to make sure it flourishes in your garden.

Jacaranda Tree

(Jacaranda mimosifolia)

Jacaranda Tree image in an oval frame on green background.
  • Characteristics: This mid-sized, tropical, deciduous to semi-evergreen tree is known for its vibrant spring colors and regal canopy. The blue jacaranda is a strikingly beautiful tree grown ornamentally in semi-tropical areas worldwide.
  • Order: Lamiales
  • Family: Bignoniaceae
  • Genus: Jacaranda
  • Type: Deciduous
  • Leaf: Large, compound (bi-pinnate) leaves up to 20 inches long arranged opposite one another. Each leaf bears many leaflets which in turn bear abundant small leaflets (<.5 inches long), creating a fern-like appearance
  • Bark: Thin, grayish brown bark that forms fine scales as it ages
  • Blossoms: Large clusters (panicles) of purple-blue, tubular flowers bloom in late spring to early summer. Each flower is 5-lobed. Rare cultivars may have white flowers.
  • Fruit: Round, hard, 2 inches brown seed pod ripens in late summer to fall
  • Seed: Multiple flat, winged seeds are contained within each seed pod.
  • Growth Rate: Medium to fast
  • Average Life Span: 50 Years, thriving trees may live as long as 200 years.
  • Height: Up to 50 feet tall
  • Canopy: Open, irregular or vase-shaped crown spreading up to 60 feet
  • Native Habitat: Subtropical to tropical South America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil)
  • USDA Growing Zone: 9b - 11

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Ranking



What Is the Blue Jacaranda Tree? (Pronounced Jackoranda Tree)

The Blue Jacaranda Tree, like many other members of the Jacaranda genus, is native to tropical South America, specifically the countries of Argentina, Bolivia, and Brazil. ‘

It is an exquisite, majestic tree, boasting large and showy clusters of vivid purple-blue flowers which make a statement wherever they bloom.

Jacaranda tree growth chart showing full grown Jacaranda tree on a line graph with Jacaranda tree age on the x-axis and Jacaranda tree height on the y-axis.

Due to its aesthetic appeal, the striking “jackoranda” tree has been introduced to and established in tropical climates around the world.

A mid-sized, deciduous tree, the Blue Jacaranda Tree is a medium to fast grower which has become invasive in some countries.24

Blue Jacaranda Tree Facts

The Blue Jacaranda Tree is certainly a unique specimen with its regal, eye-catching form and colors. Here are several interesting Jacaranda Tree facts:

  1. The Blue Jacaranda Tree is a fixture in pop culture and has been featured in various novels, songs, and films.7
  2. In the hottest climates, Jacaranda becomes semi-evergreen, retaining its leaves right up until the next blooming season.27
  3. The leaves of the Blue Jacaranda (along with some other Jacaranda species) have demonstrated cancer fighting abilities.2
  4. There is a city in South Africa – Pretoria or Jacaranda City – named for the Jacaranda Tree as the abundant Jacarandas transform the city into a purple haze each spring.20
  5. The Jacaranda’s spring blossoms are thought to benefit from a winter season with several fairly chilly nights, though not below freezing.9
  6. There is a rare cultivar of Jacaranda mimosifolia ‘Alba’, which bears all white flowers.3
  7. The Blue Jacaranda Tree ranks high among trees for carbon sequestration, absorbing large amounts of CO2 for its size.25
  8. As with many other significant plant species, the Jacaranda Tree has its share of tree symbolism. The Blue Jacaranda is thought to signify good fortune, particularly if a flower lands on one’s head.13

7 Common Jacaranda Tree Problems

Unfortunately, even the loveliest of trees (which the Blue Jacaranda certainly is!) is not without its share of issues. These are 7 of the most common Jacaranda Tree problems.

  1. The sprawling canopy of the Jacaranda Tree is susceptible to wind damage.11
  2. The Jacaranda Tree can sustain trunk scald in areas where the temperatures are exceedingly hot, such as in Phoenix, Arizona.24
  3. The Blue Jacaranda is vulnerable to root rot or mushroom rot in poorly draining soils.21
  4. Jacaranda trees that are not pruned regularly and properly for the first 15 years are much more likely to experience breaking, splitting, and other durability issues.21
  5. Jacaranda mimosifolia can and has become invasive in some areas.24
  6. With its abundant flowers, seed pods, and foliage the jacaranda produces a great deal of ground litter throughout the year and particularly during the summer and fall.21
  7. Though generally disease and pest resistant, the jacaranda is susceptible to one bacteria that causes the fatal oleander scorch disease.30

How To Identify Jacaranda Tree

Anyone looking for how to identify Jacaranda Tree is in luck as jacarandas have some very distinct and unique traits.

When attempting purple flowering tree identification, the Blue Jacaranda stands out as its purple blooms have a blue hue.

Graphics of Jacaranda Tree identification chart with Jacaranda tree leaves, Jacaranda tree flowers, Jacaranda tree fruit, and Jacaranda tree bark images in circle frames on green background.

The Blue Jacaranda branches arch slightly, so that each branch rises and droops, creating an umbrella-like shape. The canopies often spread wider than the height of the tree itself.2,8

Additionally, its leaves, flowers and seeds are all unique components of the species. Read on for more information!

Jacaranda Tree Leaves

The Blue Jacaranda Tree leaves are nearly as lovely as the flowers. The foliage is delicate, soft, and finely textured.2

The Jacaranda may develop leaves at any point during the spring, and the leaves sometimes precede the blossoms.21 The developing leaves are a bright green hue which mature into a rich, dark green during the summer and fade to yellow in the fall.

Jacaranda mimosifolia is technically a deciduous tree, but in hotter climates it often retains its leaves through winter until early spring. Thus, it is sometimes considered semi-evergreen.11

Each jacaranda leaf is bipinnately compound. In other words, each leaf has many leaflets, and each leaflet has many smaller, egg-shaped leaflets (>20).

The leaves grow up to 20” long and are arranged in an opposing pattern.9 The overall effect resembles that of a fern.11

The canopy formed by the feathery leaves creates a pleasant, dappled shade.3

Jacaranda Tree Flowers

Blue Jacaranda Tree flowers bloom in mid-spring in a vibrant, lilac hue. The trumpet-shaped blossoms grow in large, showy, dense clusters on panicles up to 1.5 ft. long.3

The flowers often bloom before the tree leafs in the spring, and the blossoms are abundant with a very subtle fragrance.9 Each flower is less than 1 in., 5-lobed, and fused at the base into a trumpet shape.11

The flowering period of the Blue Jacaranda often lasts for over one month!2

The ‘Alba’ cultivar bears white flowers which are less abundant but bloom for an even longer period of time.9

Jacaranda Tree Seeds

The Blue Jacaranda Tree seeds are borne in brown to black, woody seed pods which appear after the flowers. The pods are round and flattened with an approximately 2” diameter.9

Each pod contains several flat, brown, winged seeds.2,20

Best Growing Conditions For Jacaranda Tree

The very best growing conditions for Jacaranda Tree can be found in subtropical areas that do not experience temperatures below freezing. The Jacaranda Tree loves to grow in full sun and sandy soil, but it is tolerant of a variety of soil types, including depleted soils.8

Although the Blue Jacaranda Tree does not tolerate freezing temperatures, it is thought that it blooms more abundantly when there are several nights high 30s temperature during the dormant season.9

It makes a great shade tree for a yard or outdoor living space, as its open canopy creates filtered shade which allows other plant life to also thrive.3 However, planting the tree near a swimming pool is not recommended due to flower, leaf, and seed litter.

Planting near a home can be risky as some jacarandas are prone to breakage.2

Jacaranda Tree Growing Zone

The Blue Jacaranda Tree growing zones are a fairly narrow range, so it is very important to pay attention to both the growing zones for Jacaranda Tree (where to grow) and the growing zones in the desired planting area. Consult the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map to view growing zones by region, state, or zip code!

The Jacaranda Tree grows in zones 9b – 11, and thrives in subtropical climates which receive adequate water.

In other words, while a jacaranda may tolerate the heat of the Sonoran Desert, it would most likely require supplemental watering. Jacarandas do not tolerate temperatures below freezing.

The three regions of the continental United States best suited for growing Jacaranda Trees are the southwestern, south central, and south eastern (see USDA maps below). Note: Jacaranda trees also grow inland in Hawaii.

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map of Southwestern US showing the average annual extreme minimum temperature from 1976 to 2005 in the states of California, Nevada, Utah, Arizona, Colorado, and New Mexico.

(Image: US Department of Agriculture36)

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map of South Central US showing the average annual extreme minimum temperature from 1976 to 2005 in the states of Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, and Louisiana.

(Image: US Department of Agriculture37)

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map of Southeastern US showing the average annual extreme minimum temperature from 1976 to 2005 in the states of Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida.

(Image: US Department of Agriculture38)

Jacaranda Tree Arizona

Arizona is one of two southwestern states with a climate suited to growing Jacaranda Trees.

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map of Arizona showing the hardiness zone of each county in the state of Arizona.

The western border and southwestern area of Arizona have warm enough temperatures for jacarandas.

However, due to intense evening temperatures in areas such as Yuma and Phoenix, direct western sun exposure is discouraged as J. mimosifolia can fall victim to sun scald or trunk scald.6

Jacaranda Tree California

California is the state with the most land area suitable for jacarandas, with some 9b territories stretching far up the Pacific coast.

Jacaranda trees do not tolerate sea salt and prefer some distance from cool ocean winds, however.

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map of California showing the hardiness zone of each county in the state of California.

The Los Angeles area most likely boasts the greatest density of Jacaranda Tree specimens.33

Jacaranda Tree Florida

Florida is the only state in the southeastern U.S. with climates suited to jacaranda.

Most of the panhandle, and all of it south of Tampa is warm enough to grow jacarandas.

USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map of Florida showing the hardiness zone of each county in the state of Florida.

One thing to watch for when growing a Jacaranda Tree in Florida is root rot. Jacarandas require well-draining soil to maintain root health.21

Jacaranda Tree Texas

In south central U.S., there is one state with an appropriate climate for jacarandas.


The southernmost tip of east Texas stretching up the Gulf Coast past Corpus Christi is suitable for jacaranda growing.15

Types of Jacaranda Trees

There are several types of trees in the Jacaranda genus, which is composed of 49 distinct species of flowering plants ranging from shrubs to large trees.

The most well-known of these species is the Blue Jacaranda (Jacaranda mimosifolia), discussed extensively in this article.

However, there are several other species of note, including:

Boxwood or Cancertree (Jacaranda caerulea)

This species of Jacaranda is native to various islands of the Caribbean, such as Haiti and Cuba. It produces tubular, purple-blue blooms intermittently during the spring and summer.

It looks similar to the closely related Blue Jacaranda but is somewhat smaller. The leaves of this species have been used to treat a variety of skin ailments.16,17

Brazilian Caroba-Tree (Jacaranda caroba)

This Brazilian native grows as a shrub or small tree. It has long been used by Brazilian natives as a remedy for various medical issues and is marketed in pellet form as a treatment for rheumatism.18,23

Closeup of Brazilian Caroba-Tree (Jacaranda caroba) showing its bell-shaped purple flowers with dried tall grass in the background.

(Image: João Medeiros22)

Closeup of Purple-Flowered Jacaranda tree (Jacaranda jasminoides) showing its yellowish-green leaves and deep purple flowers.

(Image: Tarciso Leão34)

Purple-Flowered Jacaranda (Jacaranda jasminoides)

The Purple-Flowered Jacaranda is a small tree species, with a maximum height of 24 feet. A native of eastern Brazil, J. jasminoides is a true evergreen, unlike the other Jacaranda species discussed in this article.

Its blooms also lack the blue hue of many jacaranda relatives and are purple or maroon.

Closeup of Purple Fern Tree (Jacaranda cuspidifolia) showing its fern-like leaves and bluish-purple flower growing from the flower stem.

(Image: João de Deus Medeiros35)

Purple Fern Tree (Jacaranda cuspidifolia)

The Purple Fern Tree shares the same native area as the Blue Jacaranda. This small purple tree reaches heights up to 20 feet.

It thrives in tropical climates during the dry season.

Carob Tree (Jacaranda copaia)

The Carob Tree is a very tall Jacaranda species which may reach heights greater than 100 feet. This is another tree with purple flowers, but its size makes it unique.

Further, it is an incredibly slim tree with ascending branches forming a vase-shaped canopy or crown. J. copaia is native to Central and South America.19

Planting Tips For Jacaranda Tree

How long it takes to grow Jacaranda Tree depends upon when, where, and how they are planted. There are a few helpful planting tips for Jacaranda Trees, and the first has to do with propagation.

Growing Jacaranda Tree from a seed and growing a Jacaranda Tree from a seedling are not ideal options as the specimens will take many years to bloom.

The preferred methods for planting are either growing a Jacaranda Tree from a cutting or grafting. Young trees planted in these ways grow quickly and reach maturity faster.8, 9, 21

Advice on when to plant Jacaranda Tree for the best yield suggests that jacarandas do well when planted during the cool season, anytime from fall until spring.

The Blue Jacaranda Tree grows to a significant size, and a single tree is ample for most urban residences. However, Jacaranda Trees are popular choices for lining city streets, and urban planners have to know how far apart to plant Jacaranda Trees.

The Jacaranda Tree should be planted at least 15 feet from nearby structures to allow the roots and canopy to spread.12 It follows that jacarandas should be spaced at least twice as far (a minimum of 30 feet) from one another.

Plant the Blue Jacaranda Tree in well-draining soil in an area where it will receive full sun, as the tree requires 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight each day.3

Jacaranda Tree Care

There are many elements to Jacaranda Tree care that a gardener will want to consider. After the tree is planted, it will require many years of annual pruning to help the tree grow strong and prevent excessive breakage.3

When properly watered and pruned, the jacaranda is a moderately fast grower. Because young trees tend to develop multiple trunks or form large low branches, the Blue Jacaranda Tree should be pruned to a strong single trunk.

Branches should be evenly spaced along the trunk, and branches too large in diameter should be pruned. Regular pruning for the first 15 years of the tree’s life helps it grow into a stronger and more resilient specimen.21

Watering Needs for Jacaranda Tree Plants

The Jacaranda Tree is one which requires consistent water, particularly throughout the growing season. Although an established tree can usually tolerate periods of drought, jacarandas bloom more fully when they receive regular water.

Meeting the watering needs for Jacaranda Tree plants means keeping track of rainfall, either by using a rain gauge or checking the moisture of the soil.

When the top four inches of soil are dry to the touch, the Jacaranda Tree should be watered. It is important to saturate a wide area around the base of the jacaranda to ensure that all of the roots receive water.

During the summer, the Blue Jacaranda will likely require at least weekly watering in dry climates and bi-weekly watering otherwise. Monthly watering is adequate through the winter months.1,27

Companion Plants For Growing Jacaranda Tree

The filtered shade created by the delicate, feathery leaves of the Jacaranda Tree allows for a wide array of companion plants.

Some of the best companion plants for growing Jacaranda Tree are smaller shade-loving plants such as azaleas and bromeliads which can be grown directly beneath the canopy of the jacaranda.31

Jacaranda Tree Disease Prevention

Many people have researched how to stop Jacaranda Tree disease, and unfortunately the two primary diseases that can affect the Jacaranda Tree cannot really be stopped. This is why it is important to learn about Jacaranda Tree disease prevention.

The first disease which a Jacaranda Tree may succumb to is mushroom root rot, caused by a specific fungus (Armillaria tabescens). Jacaranda trees in Florida, where rain levels are higher, are particularly susceptible to root rot.

As there is no known effective treatment for root rot, prevention is key. When planting a Jacaranda Tree, ensure that it is planted in a well-draining area.

If a different tree infected with root rot was previously planted in the desired location, remove as much stump and root material as possible and consider planting an annual crop in the location for several years before introducing the new tree.26

The other problematic disease for Jacaranda Trees is introduced by a pest (sharpshooters) and is primarily problematic in southern California.

The insect can infect the Jacaranda Tree with a serious bacteria, Xylella fastidiosa. This bacteria can cause various fatal plant diseases for different species, and Oleander Leaf Scorch is the disease that impacts jacarandas.10

As this disease is not curable, it must be addressed through pest control prior to infection. Read the next section for more information on this.

Natural Pest Control for Jacaranda Tree

The most common pests of the Jacaranda Tree are well-known insects such as aphids and white flies, but the most problematic pest is the glass winged sharpshooter (Homalodisca vitripennis) and other sharpshooters which carry the bacteria responsible for the fatal plant disease, oleander leaf scorch.30

Insecticide sprays and horticultural oils are the easiest way to combat sharpshooter populations, but it is always good to avoid pesticides whenever possible due to their impact on beneficial insects. The best natural pest control for Jacaranda Trees is biological control.

In other words, introducing insects which feed on sharpshooters and their eggs can greatly reduce the troublesome insects. Certain wasps, mantises, and lacewings are all good options.5

The Blue Jacaranda Tree has many unique characteristics, from its stunning blooms to its delicate foliage to its sprawling canopy. It also poses its own set of challenges for aspiring growers of jacaranda, such as its limited growing zones.

Consult this complete Jacaranda Tree guide for every piece of information needed to begin a jacaranda growing journey.

Frequently Asked Questions About Jacaranda Trees

How Much Carbon Does Jacaranda Tree Sequester?

More people are looking to plant trees which are helpful to the environment and are inquiring “How much carbon does a tree capture?” and more specifically, “How much carbon does Jacaranda Tree sequester?” Sources suggest that the Jacaranda Tree can absorb as much as 5 tons of carbon dioxide each year, an impressive amount for a mid-sized tree.25,32

How Much Sunlight Does Jacaranda Tree Need Each Day?

Knowing how much sunlight does Jacaranda Tree need each day is critical to ensuring the growing tree’s health and vitality. The Blue Jacaranda should be planted where it receives at least 6 to 8 hours of direct sunlight every single day.27

What Is a Blue Jacaranda Bonsai?

The Blue Jacaranda Bonsai or ‘Bonsai Blue’ is a dwarf variety of Jacaranda mimosifolia which grows to a maximum height of 6 to 8 ft.4,28

What Is the Ornamental Tree With Purple Leaves?

The Cherry Plum Tree also makes a statement in a lawn or garden, as it a unique tree with purple leaves. Although its spring blooming period is quite short, the purple leaves are attractive throughout the growing season.29


1Allonsy, A. (2023). How to Water a Jacaranda. SF Gate. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://homeguides.sfgate.com/water-jacaranda-22898.html>

2Battisti, N., & Rustem, S. (2019). Jacaranda. University of Redlands. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://sites.redlands.edu/trees/species-accounts/jacaranda/>

3Better Homes & Gardens. (2012, December 11). Better Homes & Gardens Flowering Trees & Shrubs [(Better Homes and Gardens Gardening)] [Print]. John Wiley & Sons.

4Monrovia Nursery Company. (2023). Bonsai Blue Jacaranda. Monrovia. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.monrovia.com/bonsai-blue-jacaranda.html>

5Dyer, M. H. (2022, December 26). What Is A Glassy Winged Sharpshooter: Learn About Sharpshooter Damage And Control. Gardening Know How. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/plant-problems/pests/insects/glassy-winged-sharpshooter-control.htm>

6Arizona Board of Regents. (2012). Jacaranda mimosifolia. University of Arizona | Campus Arboretum. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://apps.cals.arizona.edu/arboretum/taxon.aspx?id=141>

7Gallagher, B. (2022, May 11). The Purple Tree Gods of Los Angeles Return. The New York Times. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.nytimes.com/2022/05/11/us/jacaranda-tree-los-angeles.html>

8Gillespie, E. (2017, July 21). Jacaranda Tree Facts. SF Gate. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://homeguides.sfgate.com/jacaranda-tree-facts-13429156.html>

9Gilman, E. F., Watson, D. G., Klein, R. W., Koeser, A. K., Hilbert, D. R., & McLean, D. C. (2019, April 28). Jacaranda mimosifolia: Jacaranda. UF | IFAS Extension. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/publication/st317>

10Varela, L. G., Wilen, C. A., Daugherty, M. P., & Haviland, D. R. (2019, April). Glassy-winged Sharpshooter. UC | IPM. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://ipm.ucanr.edu/PMG/PESTNOTES/pn7492.html>

11Church, G., & Greenfield, P. (2002, September 01). Trees and Shrubs for Flowers [Print]. Firefly Books Ltd.

12Garden Made Simple. (2023). Growing a Jacaranda Tree: Southern Gardeners’ Guide. Garden Made Simple. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://gardenmadesimple.com/growing-a-jacaranda-tree-southern-gardeners-guide/>

13Bates, C. (2023). Unlock the Benefits of Planting a Jacaranda Tree in Your Garden. Green Packs. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://greenpacks.org/jacaranda/>

14IUCN. (2019, October 01). Jacaranda mimosifolia. IUCN | Red List. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/32027/68135641#>

15Southern Living Editors. (2020, May 26). Jacaranda Blooms Are Warm-Weather Signs of Spring. Southern Living. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.southernliving.com/garden/trees/jacaranda-mimosifolia>

16Wikipedia. (2023, January 27). Jacaranda caerulea. Wikipedia. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacaranda_caerulea>

17Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2023). Jacaranda caerulea (L.) J.St.-Hil. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew | Plants of the World Online. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:77112410-1#other-data>

18Wikipedia. (2021, September 22). Jacaranda caroba. Wikipedia. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacaranda_caroba>

19Wikipedia. (2023, March 26). Jacaranda copaia. Wikipedia. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jacaranda_copaia>

20Lau, J. (2009, December 04). Jacaranda mimosifolia. UC Davis | Department of Plant Sciences. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://psfaculty.plantsciences.ucdavis.edu/courses/enh101/Favorite%20Tree/JaniceLau.pdf>

21University of Florida, Gainesville, FL. (2020, August 11). Jacaranda. UF | IFAS Gardening Solutions. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://gardeningsolutions.ifas.ufl.edu/plants/trees-and-shrubs/trees/jacaranda.html>

22Jacaranda caroba Photo by João de Deus Medeiros / Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0). Resized and Changed Format. From Flickr <https://www.flickr.com/photos/cerrados/5939745635/sizes/c/>

23U.S. National Library of Medicine. (2020, March 20). Label: JACARANDA CAROBA pellet. DailyMed. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://dailymed.nlm.nih.gov/dailymed/drugInfo.cfm?setid=41cb376b-95d7-455b-a036-04faa37caa18>

24Martin, C. A. (2023). Jacaranda mimosifolia. Virtual Library of Phoenix Landscape Plants. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.public.asu.edu/~camartin/plants/Plant%20html%20files/jacarandamimosifolia.html>

25McInerney, B. (2023, January 8). How Much Co2 Do Trees Absorb? Go Tree Quotes. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.gotreequotes.com/how-much-co2-do-trees-absorb/>

26Texas A&M Forest Service. (2023). Mushroom Root Rot. Texas Plant Disease Handbook. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://plantdiseasehandbook.tamu.edu/problems-treatments/problems-affecting-multiple-crops/mushroom-root-rot/>

27Myers, V. R. (2022, March 17). How to Grow and Care for a Jacaranda Tree. The Spruce. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.thespruce.com/growing-jacaranda-mimosifolia-3269356>

28Star® Roses and Plants. (2022). Bonsai Blue™ Jacaranda. Star® Roses and Plants. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.starrosesandplants.com/plants/bonsai-blue-jacaranda/>

29Garden Design. (2023). Purple-Leaf Plum Tree: Growing and Caring for Ornamental Plums. Garden Design. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.gardendesign.com/trees/purple-leaf-plum.html>

30Spengler, T. (2023, February 10). Troubleshooting Jacaranda Tree Problems: Caring For Ailing Jacaranda Trees. Gardening Know How. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/ornamental/trees/jacaranda/jacaranda-tree-problems.htm>

31Stackhouse, J. (2023). Jacarandas. Flower Power. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.flowerpower.com.au/garden-advice/gardening/jacarandas/>

32Stoffberg, G. H., & van Rooyen, M. (2012, January). Estimates of Carbon Stored by Jacaranda Street Trees in the City of Tshwane, South Africa. ResearchGate. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273446246_Estimates_of_Carbon_Stored_by_Jacaranda_Street_Trees_in_the_City_of_Tshwane_South_Africa>

33Wick, J. (2023, April 04). The Story Behind LA’s Beautiful, Ephemeral Jacaranda Blooms. LAist. Retrieved April 17, 2023, from <https://laist.com/news/la-history/jacarandas-los-angeles-history-kate-sessions>

34Jacaranda jasminoides Photo by Tarciso Leão / Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0). Resized and Changed Format. From Flickr <https://www.flickr.com/photos/tarcisoleao/9605835802/sizes/c/>

35Jacaranda cuspidifolia Photo by João de Deus Medeiros / Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0). Resized and Changed Format. From <https://www.flickr.com/photos/cerrados/5121196545/sizes/c/>

36Photo by US Department of Agriculture. USDA. Retrieved from <https://pdi.scinet.usda.gov/phzm/vm/SW_reg_300.jpg>

37Photo by US Department of Agriculture. USDA. Retrieved from <https://pdi.scinet.usda.gov/phzm/vm/SC_reg_300.jpg>

38Photo by US Department of Agriculture. USDA. Retrieved from <https://pdi.scinet.usda.gov/phzm/vm/SE_reg_300.jpg>

39Species Information Image: Jacarandas, purple Photo by Tim Cooper. (2019, November 9) / Unsplash License. Cropped and added text, shape, and background elements. Unsplash. Retrieved April 6, 2023, from <https://unsplash.com/photos/cherry-blossoms-Mqm9pG8Vpuc>