232 Types of Flowers: How To Identify and Grow Flowers In Any Season

Kim Williamson, Author 8 Billion TreesWritten by Kim Williamson

Gardening | April 2, 2024

Woman bending over with her finger on her chin in a field of flowers wonders about the types of flowers and if there is a complete guide to different types of flowers with pictures that show all types of flowers list.

There are thought to be as many as 400,000 identified types of flowers around the world, from flowering grasses, trees, and shrubs to herbaceous plants.

Flowers have played an important role in ecosystem stability, medicinal treatment and advances, and social relationships through the years.

They have been used to treat ailments, beautify the world, and inspire many forms of art.

But what exactly is a flower and how can it be identified?

This article explores the beauty and impact of the natural world of flowers and illustrates how 232 types of flowers can be identified and grown in any season.

The Evolutionary Story of the Plant Kingdom

The Smithsonian defines a plant as a (usually) stationary, living organism that contains chlorophyll, absorbs water and other substances through its root system, and uses photosynthesis to create necessary nutrients. The plant kingdom includes mosses, ferns, grasses, trees, shrubs, and herbs.1

The kingdom Plantae can be divided into two main subgroups: flowering and non-flowering plants. Non-flowering plants include mosses and ferns – which use spores to reproduce – and gymnosperms – plants that produce naked seeds but do not flower (e.g. conifers).

The simpler plant organisms such as mosses and liverworts were more numerous earlier on in the Earth’s evolutionary history, but the flowering plants – known as angiosperms – exploded during the late Cretaceous period, making them the dominant and most diverse group of all plant life.1,2

The following diagram from Michael Benton’s 2021 publication in The New Phytologist on the “Angiosperm Terrestrial Revolution” shows how the angiosperm evolved rapidly alongside many groups of insects as other types of flora and fauna continued to experience a more gradual evolutionary pattern.3

The evolutionary path of the angiosperms leads to an incredibly diverse group of flowering plant species that are central to all life on earth.

The Angiosperms or Flowering Plants

The angiosperms, or flowering plants, are known for their beautiful blooms and their ability to bear fruit. These plants reproduce with pollen and seeds, but their seeds are enclosed inside their fruit, unlike gymnosperms.

Flowering plants are believed to have diverged from their closest biological relatives more than 130 million years ago, and the Smithsonian reports that the number of known flowering plant species exceeds 350,000!1,4

Any plant species which produces flowers, whether shrub, tree, grass, or herbaceous plant is considered an angiosperm.

Since the development and advancement in DNA sequencing (primarily in the early 21st century), botanists are moving away from the structural classification of flowering plants developed by Arthur Cronquist in the latter half of the 20th century towards a phylogenetic classification system that relies on DNA analysis. The Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) was formed, and the fourth – and most recent – version of the APG classification system was published in 2016.

According to the APG IV system, the angiosperm division of the plant kingdom can be further divided into two groups based on when their evolutionary divergence from their shared ancestor occurred: basal angiosperms and core angiosperms.

Basal angiosperms (ANA) diverged from gymnosperms comparatively early in the earth’s evolutionary history. The three orders of flowering plants (Austrobaileyales, Amborellales, and Nymphaeales) that make up the basal angiosperms comprise less than 200 total species.

Photo of a white lily partially submerged in the pond.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

The Amborella most well-known order, Nymphaeales, contains the family Nymphaeaceae, commonly known as water lilies.

Prior to phylogenetic analysis, the lotus flower was thought to be a close relative of the water lily given their similar appearance and habitat, but genetic sequencing places them in distinctly separate and genetically distant families.

The other, much larger, grouping of angiosperms is the core angiosperms or Mesangiospermae.

The core angiosperms are composed of five primary sub-groups: Chloranthales, Ceratophyllales, Magnoliids, Monocots, and Eudicots.

Only Chloranthales and Ceratophyllales are true “Orders,” while Magnoliids, Monocots, and Eudicots are larger clades that each contain multiple Orders.

The Magnoliids clade is made up of four orders – Canellales, Laurales, Magnoliales, and Piperales – and includes many well-known flowering trees such as the magnolia tree, wild cinnamon tree, and tulip trees.

Close up photo of the Wild Cinnamon flower.

Cinnamon Tree (Image: Denise Davis30)

Close up photo of a Magnolia Tree with its pink flowers on its branches.

Magnolia Tree (Image: Denise Davis30)

Eudicots are the largest group of flowering plants with approximately 175,000 species, and Monocots are a distant second in size with around 70,000 species. The orchid is one of the better known Monocots, and the rose is the most famous Eudicot.

These two clades make up the vast majority of wildflowers and garden flowers around the world.4

Close-up photo of a red China Rose and Pansy Orchids flower with its leaves around it.

Close up photo of a red China Rose with its leaves around it.

China Rose (Image: Denise Davis30)

Close up photo of the Pansy Orchids flower.

Pansy Orchids (Image: Denise Davis30)

The following diagram summarizes the phylogenetic classification of flowering plants per APG IV.2,4

Photo of the diagram that shows the phylogenetic classification of flowering plants per APG IV.

The Difference Between Monocots and Dicots

Monocots and Eudicots (sometimes called Dicots) are the two largest groups of flowering plants by far. In fact, each of these clades is composed of multiple plant Orders.

However, the difference between Monocots and Dicots is not always obvious to the casual eye, as the distinction often lies in the seeds, roots, and leaves of the plants.

The Seed

The first distinction between Monocots and Eudicots lies in the seed and the number of cotyledons. Every seed has at least one cotyledon, or seed leaf, which may provide sustenance for a growing plant embryo.

Monocot seeds are distinguished by the presence of only one cotyledon, while Eudicots and most other plant species have two cotyledons.1

The Leaves

In Monocots, the leaf veins which carry water and nutrients are parallel. Eudicot veins, in contrast, branch out in reticulated patterns from a main vein.1

The Roots

Similar to the leaves of the plants, the roots of Monocots and Eudicots vary significantly, as well. Monocots have a root system that is fibrous – composed of many small roots which tend to spread outward rather than anchoring downward.

Meanwhile, the Eudicot has a strong central taproot that grows deep into the soil with many small peripheral roots branching out from there.2, 5

The Stem

The vascular tissue within a plant stem is bundled but scattered within a Monocot stem, whereas a Eudicot’s vascular bundles are arranged in rings (this is what creates the familiar ring pattern within the trunks of most trees).5


In Monocots, flower parts are often present in groups of three compared with groups of four or five in Eudicots. Additionally, Monocots have a single pore (or furrow) for pollen while Eudicots typically have three.5

Flowers and Their Many Uses

The explosive evolution of angiosperms corresponded with a boom in insect populations and a subsequent climb in mammalian life. The reason for this is that flowering plants form the foundation of the food chain which large animals need for survival.

The following sections explore how flowers are used in everyday life.6

Edible Flowers

The vast majority of plants rely on fertilization through flowers to bear fruit and reproduce, and flowering plants are directly responsible for a large percentage of the human diet. The grains, vegetables, legumes, fruits, and nuts which are consumed on a regular basis by any number of herbivores are all produced by flowering plants.

Angiosperms are also responsible for oils used in cooking and other commercial products. Though not all plants are edible and many are even extremely poisonous to humans, Native Americans learned which plants to forage and how to cultivate particularly nutritious species, such as the sunflower.6

Though many people have squeezed the sweet nectar from a honeysuckle flower, very few realize how many of the native plants around them are safe for consumption. From the tubers and acorn-like fruit of the Nelumbo (lotus) genus to the blossoms of the Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis) to the flowers of the daylily, evening primrose, and goldenrod. . . nature is abundant with edible flora.7,8

Flowers in Medicine

Native American tribes such as the Cherokee and Iroquois and their ancestors are known for their wide array of herbal medicine, but the medicinal use of plants extends back at least as far as written history to ancient Egypt and ancient China. Many people may not realize that flowering plants are still used in medicine today, but research into medicinal plants is ongoing, with over 5,000 related studies published each year.6,9

The following is a short list of some angiosperm-derived medicines:

Photo of the Willow bark in a forest.

Willow Bark (Image: Emilian Robert Vicol (Byrev)31)

Close up photo of the purple flower of Foxglove.

Foxglove (Image: 🌸♡💙♡🌸 Julita 🌸♡💙♡🌸 (pasja1000)32)

Close up image of a bee and Poppy flowers with its pink petals and yellow anthers.

Poppy (Image: Denise Davis30)

Close up image of a Madagascar Periwinkle with its green leaves, dark and light pink flowers on a hanging garden pot in a garden.

Madagascar Periwinkle (Image: Denise Davis30)

Why Are Flowers Important for the Ecosystem?

Historically, flowers were relied upon for their medicinal and nutritional properties, but the expansion of botany over the last several centuries has led to a better understanding of the integral role of flowers in the ecosystem. According to the U.S. Forest Service, flowering plants are important for their carbon dioxide recycling function and their ability to combat erosion and purify water.

The flowers themselves are necessary for the reproductive cycle of plants which the flowers sustain by producing pollen and attracting pollinators. The U.S. Forest Service reports that nearly 80% of the global food and plant-based industry is dependent upon pollination.

Continue reading to learn about the many varieties of flowering plants.10

6 Types of Flowering Trees and Shrubs

The majority of trees on the earth today are flowering trees, or angiosperms (the most notable exceptions are the cone-bearing conifers or gymnosperms). Finding out exactly how many tree species are there with flowers is a difficult task, but 80% of all green plants produce flowers, and the number of trees is likely similar.

According to a University of Illinois article, there are 300 to 500 times as many angiosperm species as gymnosperm.11

The following is a list of six types of flowering trees that have gained popularity in the United States.

#1: Purpleleaf Plum (Prunus cerasifera)

Medium-size fruit trees have become a favorite addition to homes across the country. With their beautiful colors, moderate size, and fragrant aroma, they are ideal for lawn landscapes.

The Purpleleaf Plum, or cherry plum, is a deciduous fruit tree of which several ornamental varieties have been cultivated. The Purpleleaf plum has also been crossed with other fruit trees to make other hybrid ornamental breeds, such as the European plum, Prunus domestica.

While the Purpleleaf Plum is native to western Asia and southeast Europe, it is now naturalized across North America and parts of Australia. It is beautiful white to pink flowers bloom in the spring, and its reddish-purple leaf canopy is attractive through summer and fall.12

#1: Purpleleaf Plum

(Prunus cerasifera)

Purpleleaf Plum in oval frame on green background.
  • Type: Deciduous Tree
  • Angiosperm Group: Eudicots
  • Order: Rosales
  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Genus: Prunus
  • Leaf: 1-3 in., green/purple, elliptical
  • Blossoms: Small, white\pink, 5-petaled
  • Fruit: Small, edible, yellow/purple/red drupe
  • Height: 15 to 30 ft.
  • Canopy: 15 to 25 ft.
  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 5 - 8
  • Lifespan: 60 to 80 years
  • Native Region: Southeast Europe/ Central Asia/ Himalayas

Image Credit: AnRo000233

#2: Kwanzan Cherry (Prunus serrulata)

The Kwanzan cherry tree of Japan is a small, deciduous fruit tree that shares the genus, Prunus, with the Purpleleaf Plum and over 400 other species. It was cultivated from the Oshima cherry and other hybrid cherries during the Edo period in Japan (between 1600 and 1850).

Close up photo of the pink flowers of Kwanzan Cherry.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

It is considered by many to be the most beautiful of all Japanese cherry blossoms with its spring-blooming, pink, double flowers. While perfect for gardens and yards, this small tree is vulnerable to pests and comparatively short-lived.

#3: Great Laurel or Rosebay Rhododendron (Rhododendron maximum)

The rosebay rhododendron, or great laurel, is a large, flowering, evergreen shrub native to the Appalachian area of the eastern United States and southern Canada. Favoring shade, this woody plant thrives in the understory of woodland and mountainous areas of Kentucky’s Red River Gorge and does not tolerate direct sunlight well.

Close up photo of white and purple colored flower of Great Laurel.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

The Rhododendron maximum produces clusters of pinkish-white flowers in late summer, and it retains its large, smooth evergreen foliage year round. The great laurel, once used in native American medicine and rituals, is now cultivated for its decorative value.12,13

#4: Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida)

The flowering dogwood, native to eastern North America, is a small to medium-sized, decorative tree that often grows at the fringes of wooded areas. It displays beautiful, firm-petaled bracts – modified leaves resembling petals – in spring.

Its rich, red, fall berries are loved by many songbirds. Cornus florida is also prized for the deep burgundy hue of its fall foliage.

The flowering dogwood was used by Native American tribes to treat aches and make tonics, and its bark contains quinine, which is effective against malaria. The hardwood of the dogwood is ideal for making small tools, but the tree is vulnerable to various pests and particularly susceptible to powdery mildew.

Cornus florida grows best in rural settings, as it is not resilient to pollution.12, 13, 14

#5: Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis)

The eastern redbud is eye-catching in any spring landscape, with its bold, pink clusters of small flowers which bloom before the tree is in leaf. These edible flowers are dainty but abundant.

Close up photo of the purple flowers of Eastern Redbud attached on a thin branch.

When the redbud sprouts, it displays large, green, heart-shaped leaves which turn yellow in the fall. For Native American tribes, the eastern redbud was valuable for its medicinal use against lung ailments.

A yellow dye can also be made by boiling the twigs from this tree.12

#6: Saucer Magnolia (Magnolia x soulangeana)

The saucer magnolia is a hybrid pink magnolia tree that was bred from Magnolia denudata and Magnolia liliiflora in France. It is a popular, though short-lived ornamental tree that produces large, pink flowers during the spring season.

Close up photo of the flowers of Magnolia Tree.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

Magnolia soulangeana has large, smooth leaves that are thick and firm and have low-spreading branches. Its fruit is a cone-shaped follicle with orange seeds.

The saucer magnolia can be grown in urban areas, but it is vulnerable to damage caused by strong winds and frost.

Different Types of Flowers Around the World

There are many different types of flowers around the world, and some of the most incredible species were discovered in isolated locations or extreme climates. More than half of the angiosperm species currently identified are native to the tropical rainforests of the world, which are rapidly dwindling under human influence.

These tropical species include the Flamingo Flower (Anthurium andraeanum) of Colombia and Ecuador and the Blue Passionflower (Passiflora caerulea) of South America. Conversely, there are even two angiosperm species that survive the extreme cold of the Antarctic continent.

These are the Antarctic Hair Grass (Deschampsia antarctica) and the Antarctic Pearlwort (Colobanthus quitensis).16

8 Beautiful Types of Flowers With Pictures

Flowers are valuable for many reasons, but one of their most widespread uses is for aesthetics. Flowering plants add a full spectrum of color to the natural world.

This section highlights some of the most beautiful types of flowers with pictures from all around the world!

#7: Garden Dahlia (Dahlia pinnata)

The garden dahlia is a perennial plant that may grow to be several feet high. It is known for its striking appearance, with variable, bold colors.

Its many-petaled blooms typically appear in late summer to early fall atop its abundant green foliage. The Dahlia pinnata, believed to have originally been cultivated by the Aztecs hundreds of years ago has since been bred to create many variants and hybrids.

The black dahlia is one popular variant that gained cultural significance in the U.S. crime scene of the mid-1900s.

Garden Dahlia

(Dahlia pinnata)

Garden Dahlia in an oval frame on green background.
  • Type: Perennial, herbaceous plant
  • Angiosperm Group: Eudicots
  • Order: Asterales
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Genus: Dahlia
  • Leaf: Green, purple, or red, serrated compound leaves
  • Blossoms: Large, many-petaled, variable color
  • Height: 1’ - 6’
  • USDA Hardiness Zone: 7 - 10
  • Native Regio: Cultivated by the Aztecs of Central America

#8: Treasure Flower/African Daisy (Gazania rigens)

Gazania rigens is often called the African daisy because it is native to South Africa and resembles a large daisy. The original African daisy is orange to yellow, but cultivation has produced more variety in coloring.

Close up image of a bee and an African Daisy with its green leaves, red and yellow petals.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

Gazanias generally do well in temperate, sunny environments. Although they are sometimes perennial in mild climates, they are more often annual due to their shallow root systems.

Gazania rigens flowers throughout the summer, but the ample blooms close at night and when in shade.

#9: Perfumed Passionflower (Passiflora vitifolia)

The perfumed passionflower is an herbaceous vine that favors tropical, warm climates. Its bright red blooms make a stunning display through the summer and fall seasons.

Close up photo of the Perfumed Passionflower.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

It bears a 1 to 2” bitter green fruit which is edible for humans when allowed ample time off the vine to ripen. This flowering plant, though native to tropical Central America, can be successfully grown in much of the U.S. southern and western regions.

#10: Georgia Peach Water Lily (Nymphaea ‘Georgia Peach’)

Water lilies are unique to the featured flowers in this article, as they belong to the basal angiosperm (ANA) rather than the core angiosperm grouping. The Nymphaeales order makes up one of the three subgroups of basal angiosperms.

Close up image of a Georgia Peach Water Lily with its yellow flower in a pond.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

These plants are thought to have diverged from non-flowering plants earlier in the earth’s evolutionary history. The Nymmphaeaceae family is composed of 5 genera, and the Nymphaea genus itself is made up of over 60 species!

Though native to tropical areas, popular cultivated hybrids such as the Georgia Peach are hardy in many climates.1

#11: Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)

The sunflower has been cultivated for many thousands of years, leading to the Helianthus annuus, a mammoth plant that towers over its neighbors at maturity. Although the sunflower is known for its massive flower head, this “flower” is not actually a single bloom, but rather, an inflorescence composed of hundreds of tiny flowers fused together.

Close up photo of the Sunflower with the sky on its background.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

The sunflower is known for its size, beautiful, bright coloring, and nutritious, tasty seeds.1, 12

#12: Sacred Lotus (Nelumbo nucifera)

The Sacred Lotus was once thought to be closely related to the phenotypically similar water lily, but DNA analysis has revealed that the two plants are only distantly related and developed similar characteristics through convergent evolution.

Close up photo of the Sacred Lotus.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

Nelumbo nucifera has evolved several unique abilities, such as the self-cleaning function of its waxy leaves! Remarkably, the seeds of this flower are still capable of germinating after lying dormant for hundreds of years.1, 8

#13: Chinese Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

The Chinese Hibiscus is a beautiful flowering evergreen shrub that can grow to a height of 10 feet or greater in favorable climates. It shares its family, the Malvaceae, with many diverse species, from the cocoa plant (Theobroma cacao) to the baobab (Adansonia digital).

Close up photo of a yellow Chinese Hibiscus.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

This popular ornamental flowering plant is native to the South Pacific but grown globally. The plant produces an abundance of extremely short-lived blooms which can grow to be up to 10” in diameter in rare cases.1, 17

#14: Italian Leather Flower (Clematis viticella)

The Italian Leather Flower is a member of the Ranunculaceae family which originated in Southern Europe. It is a perennial vine that produces large, colorful blooms and requires little maintenance.

Close up photo of an Italian Leather Flower with its pink flowers and yellow anthers.

(Image: Denise Davis30)

Many cultivars have been developed through the years, such as the one featured in this photo (Clematis ‘asao’). The clematis is an excellent pollinator flower, attracting bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds with its bright blossoms.

Exotic and Rare Types of Flowers List

A flower may be considered exotic because of its appearance, its smell, its blooming cycle, its rarity, or any combination of these. The following table provides a type of flower list of rare and exotic flowers around the world.

The flowers on this list range from the common but strikingly beautiful Bird-of-Paradise flower to the mysterious and incredibly rare Middlemist Camellia, to bizarre flower species noted for their odor of rotting flesh, to a tiny flower steeped in Eastern legend and spirituality which is believed to bloom only once every 3,000 years.18, 19

Flower NameScientific NameClassificationNative RegionCurrent StatusBlooming Cycle
#15: Bird-of-Paradise/ Crane FlowerStrelitzia reginaeMonocot

Strelitziaceae family

South AfricaNot threatenedInitial bloom in 3 to 5 years. Flowers in winter and early spring.
#16: Black Bat FlowerTacca chantrieriMonocot

Dioscoreaceae family

Southeast Asia (tropical)Threatened by climate changeBlooms late summer through fall in tropical climates.
#17: Chocolate CosmosCosmos atrosanguineusEudicot

Asteraceae family

MexicoPossibly extinct in the wildBlooms in mid to late summer in the sun
#18: Corpse Flower (Titan Arum)Amorphophallus titanumMonocot

Araceae family

Western SumatraEndangeredThe first bloom usually occurs at 5 to 10 years.

The blooming cycle varies from every 2 to 10 years.

Close up photo of the flower of Bird of Paradise.

Bird of Paradise

Flower NameScientific NameClassificationNative RegionCurrent StatusBlooming Cycle
#19: Fire LilyCyrtanthus ventricosusMonocot

Amaryllidaceae family

South AfricaLeast ConcernFlowers 9 days after the fire
#20: Flame LilyGloriosa superbaMonocot

Colchicaceae family

Tropical Asia and AfricaCommon in the wild but increasingly rare in native regionsBlooms in mid-summer to fall
#21: Franklin TreeFranklinia alatamahaEudicot

Theaceae family

Georgia, U.S.Extinct in the wildBlooms for 3 weeks sometime between April and August
#22: Ghost OrchidDendrophylax lindeniiMonocot

Orchidaceae family

Cuba, the Bahamas, and Florida, U.S.EndangeredFlowers begin to bloom in late winter, but flowering is irregular
Close up photo of the flower of Fire Lily.

Fire Lily

Flower NameScientific NameClassificationNative RegionCurrent StatusBlooming Cycle
#23: Gibraltar CampionSilene tomentosaEudicot

Caryophyllaceae family

Gibraltar, EnglandCritically endangeredBlooms annually between October and April
#24: Jade VineStrongylodon macrobotrysEudicot

Fabaceae family

PhilippineEndangered in the wildPollinated by bats

Blooms in late spring/early summer once the plant reaches maturity

#25: Queen of the NightEpiphyllum oxypetalumEudicot

Cactaceae family

Sri LankaWidely cultivated. Not endangered.Blooms only at night
#26: Koki’oHibiscus arnottianusEudicot

Malvaceae family

Oahu and Moloka’i, HawaiiEndangeredBlooms frequently
White Gibraltar Campion flower on a black background.

Gibraltar Campion

Flower NameScientific NameClassificationNative RegionCurrent StatusBlooming Cycle
#27: Middlemist’s RedCamellia japonicaEudicot

Theaceae family

ChinaExtinct in the wildBlooms midwinter
#28: Parrot’s BeakLotus berthelotiiEudicot

Fabaceae family

Canary IslandsLikely extinct in the wildSpring
#29: Rothschild’s Slipper OrchidPaphiopedilum rothschildianumMonocot

Cypripedioideae family

Borneo, MalaysiaCritically endangeredBlooms in late spring

Blooming cycle erratic

#30: Stinking Corpse LilyRafflesia arnoldiiEudicot

Rafflesiacieae family

Sumatra and BorneoEndangeredUnpredictable. Flowers survive up to 6 days.
#31: Youtan Poluo (Audumbara)Ficus racemosaEudicot

Moraceae family

China and TaiwanLeast concern3,000-year blooming cycle
Bright red Middlemist’s Red flower on a dark green background.

Middlemist’s Red

All Types of Flowers in the United States

The United States is noted for having some of the most diverse native flora, with as many as 17,000 native angiosperms. However, this native flora has been diminished over time by invasive plant species introduced from other areas.

This section recognizes a sample of all types of flowers native to and representative of the U.S.12, 20

Types of Flowers by Region and State

The geography of the United States varies significantly from North to South and East to West, creating diverse climates and landscapes. The types of flowers by region are quite distinct: the flowering plants of the Florida Everglades are different from those that grow in the Sonoran Desert of Arizona or the mountains of Montana.

The following table gives a peek into some of the flowering plants associated with each region (see U.S. Census Regions and Divisions of the United States) state.21

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 1: NORTHEAST – Division 1: New England
Connecticut#32: Cardinal FlowerLobelia cardinalisEudicots, Campanulaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#33: Mountain Laurel*Kalmia latifoliaEudicot, Ericaceae FamilyEvergreen, Spring/Summer
#34: Michaela Petit’s Four-O’Clocks^Mirabilis jalapaEudicots, Nyctaginaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#35: Pearly EverlastingAnaphalis margaritaceaEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial/Biennial, Summer
Maine#36: Asian Bleeding HeartLamprocapnos spectabilisEudicots, Papaveraceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#37: Lady’s MantleAlchemilla mollisEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#38: SummersweetClethra alnifoliaEudicots, Clethraceae FamilyDeciduous, Late Spring
#39: White Pine Cone and Tassel*Pinus strobusGymnosperm


Pnaceae Family

Evergreen, Spring Cones
Massachusetts#40: Black CohoshActaea racemosaEudicots, Ranunculaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#41: Indigo BushAmorpha fruticosaEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyDeciduous, Spring/Summer
#42: Mayflower*Epigaea repensEudicots, Ericaceae FamilyPerennial Evergreen, Spring
#43: ThimbleweedAnemone virginianaEudicots, Ranunculaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
Close up photo of the small flowers of Thimbleweed.

Thimbleweed (Image: Annette Meyer (Nennieinszweidrei)35)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 1: NORTHEAST – Division 1: New England
New Hampshire#44: BunchberryCornus canadensisEudicots, Cornaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#45: Purple Lilac*Syringa vulgarisEudicots, Oleaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#46: Pink Lady’s Slipper**Cypripedium acauleMonocots, Orchidaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#47: Trumpet CreeperCampsis radicansEudicots, Bignoniaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
Rhode Island#48: Pink CorydalisCapnoides sempervirensEudicots, Papaveraceae FamilyAnnual/Biennial, Summer
#49: Purple Wood AsterEurybia spectabilisEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Fall
#50: VioletViolaEudicots, Violaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#51: Yellow Blue-Bead LilyClintonia borealisMonocots, Liliaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
Vermont#52: American BellflowerCampanula americanumEudicots, Campanulaceae FamilyAnnual/Biennial/Perennial,


#53: Red Clover*Trifolium pratenseEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#54: Wild LupineLupinus perennisEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#55: WindflowerAnemone canadensisEudicots, Ranunculaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
Photo of purple flowers of Wild Lupine.

Wild Lupine (Image: Duplex36)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 1: NORTHEAST – Division 2: Middle Atlantic
New Jersey#56: Black ChokeberryAronia melanocarpaEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyDeciduous, Spring
#57: FireweedChamaenerion angustifoliumEudicots, Onagraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#58: New Jersey TeaCeanothus americanusEudicots, Ramnaceae FamilyDeciduous, Spring/Summer
#59: Violet*Viola sororiaEudicots, Violaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
New York#60: BluetsHoustonia caeruleaEudicots, Rubiaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#61: Northern Bush-HoneysuckleDiervilla loniceraEudicots, Caprifoliaceae FamilyDeciduous, Summer
#62: Rose*RosaEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#63: SneezeweedHelenium autumnaleEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
Pennsylvania#64: Marsh Blazing StarLiatris spicataEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#65: Mountain Laurel*Kalmia latifoliaEudicot, Ericaceae FamilyEvergreen, Spring/Summer
#66: Penngift Crown Vetch^Securigera variaEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#67: Philadelphia FleabaneErigeron philadelphicusEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
Close up photo of the fruit of Black Chokeberry.

Black Chokeberry (Image: Goran Horvat (GoranH)37)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 2: MIDWEST – Division 3: East North Central
Illinois#68: Closed GentianGentiana andrewsiiEudicots, GentianaceaeFall
#69: Marsh Blue VioletViola cucullataEudicots, Violaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#70: Milkweed**Asclepias syriacaEudicots, Apocynaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#71: Violet*ViolaEudicots, Violaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
Indiana#72: NinebarkPhysocarpus opulifoliusEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/ Early Summer
#73: Peony*PaeoniaEudicots, Paeoniaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#74: Royal CatchflySilene regiaEudicots, Caryophyllaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#75: ServiceberryAmelanchier laevisEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyDeciduous, Spring
Photo of the leaves and flowers of Marsh Blue Violet.

Marsh Blue Violet

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 2: MIDWEST – Division 3: East North Central
Michigan#76: Apple Blossom*MalusEudicots, Rosaceae FamilySpring
#77: Dwarf Lake Iris**Iris lacustrisMonocots, Iridaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#78: Pitcher PlantSarracenia purpureaEudicots, Sarraceniaceae FamilyEvergreen Perennial Spring/Summer
#79: Prairie SmokeGeum triflorumEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyPerennial, Late Spring
Ohio#80: Blue VervainVerbena hastataEudicots, Verbenaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#81: Large-Flowered Trillium**Trillium grandiflorumMonocots, Melanthiaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#82: Marsh MarigoldCaltha palustrisEudicots, Ranunculaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#83: Scarlet Carnation*Dianthus caryophyllusEudicots, Caryophyllaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
Wisconsin#84: Cream Wild IndigoBaptisia leucophaeaEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#85: Rosen WeedSilphium integrifoliumEudicots, Asteracea FamilyPerennial, Late Summer/Fall
#86: SpiderwortTradescantia ohiensisMonocots, Commelinaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#87: Wood Violet*Viola sororiaEudicots, Violaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
Close up photo of the flowers and buds of Apple Blossom.

Apple Blossom (Image: Ilo (Couleur)38)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 2: MIDWEST – Division 4: West North Central
Iowa#88: Jacob’s LadderPolemonium reptansEudicots, Polemoniaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#89: Prairie IronweedVernonia fasciculataEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#90: Prairie LilyLilium philadelphicumMonocots, Liliaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#91: Wild Rose*Rosa arkansanaEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
Kansas#92: HollyhockAlcea roseaEudicots, Malvaceae FamilyBiennial, Summer/Fall
#93: JimsonweedDatura stramoniumEudicots, Solanaceae FamilyAnnual/Perennial
#94: Sunflower*Helianthus annuusEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyAnnual, Summer
#95: Swamp MilkweedAsclepias incarnataEudicots, Apocynaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
Minnesota#96: Hoary PuccoonLithospermum canescensEudicots, Boraginaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#97: Maiden PinkDianthus deltoidesEudicots, Caryophyllaceae FamilyAnnual/Biennial/Perennial, Spring – Fall
#98: Pink and White Lady’s Slipper*Cypripedium reginaeMonocots, Orchidaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#99: Viper’s BuglossEchium vulgareEudicots, Boraginaceae FamilyBiennial/Perennial, Spring – Fall
Close up photo of the Jacob’s Ladder flowers.

Jacob’s Ladder (Image: Ryan Kaldari39)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 2: MIDWEST – Division 4: West North Central
Missouri#100: Barbara’s ButtonsMarshallia caespitosaEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#101: Hawthorn*Crataegus mollisEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#102: Missouri Evening PrimroseOenothera macrocarpaEudicots, Onagraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#103: Rose TurtleheadChelone obliquaEudicots, Plantaginaceae FamilyPerennial, Late Summer
Nebraska#104: Apricot MallowSphaeralcea ambiguaEudicots, Malvaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#105: Goldenrod*Solidago giganteaEudicots, Asteraceae familyPerennial, Fall
#106: LeadplantAmorpha canescensEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#107: Wild SennaSenna hebecarpaEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
North Dakota#108: Anise HyssopAgastache foeniculumEudicots, Lamiaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#109: False AsterBoltonia asteroidesEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#110: Prairie OnionAllium stellatumMonocots, Amaryllidaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#111: Wild Prairie RoseRosa blandaEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
South Dakota#112: Flowering SpurgeEuphorbia corollataEudicots, Euphorbiaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#113: Partridge PeaChamaecrista fasciculataEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyAnnual, Summer
#114: Pasque Flower*Pulsatilla nuttallianaEudicots, Ranunculaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#115: Wood LilyLilium philadelphicumMonocots, Liliaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
Close up photo of the Pasque Flower with its leaves on its background.

Pasque Flower (Image: 💚🌺💚Nowaja💚🌺💚 (Nowaja)40)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 3: SOUTH – Division 5: South Atlantic
Delaware#116: Butterfly MilkweedAsclepias tuberosaEudicots, Apcynaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#117: Pale Purple ConeflowerEchinacea pallidaEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#118: Peach Blossom*Prunus persicaEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyDeciduous, Spring
#119: White YarrowAchillea millefoliumEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
Florida#120: Coral BeanErythrina herbaceaEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring – Fall
#121: Orange Blossom*Citrus x sinensisEudicots, Rutaceae FamilyEvergreen, Spring/Winter
#122: Powderpuff MimosaMimosa strigillosaEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring – Fall
#123: Tickseed**CoreopsisEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
Georgia#124: Azalea**Rhododendron canescensEudicots, Ericaceae FamilyDeciduous, Spring
#125: Cherokee Rose*Rosa laevigataEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyEvergreen, Spring
#126: Queen Anne’s LaceDaucus carotaEudicots, Apiaceae FamilyBiennial, Summer/Fall
#127: SnapdragonsAntirrhinum majusEudicots, Plantaginaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring – Fall
Maryland#128: Black-Eyed Susan*Rudbeckia hirtaEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyBiennial/Perennial, Spring/Summer
#129: Golden RagwortPackera aureaEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#130: Joe Pye WeedEutrochium fistulosumEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#131: Wild BergamotMonarda fistulosaEudicots, Lamiaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
Close up photo of the flower of Butterfly Milkweed.

Butterfly Milkweed (Image: Richard Alexander (CoastalSandpiper)41)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 3: SOUTH – Division 5: South Atlantic
North Carolina#132: BloodrootSanguinaria canadensisEudicots, Papaveraceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#133: Carolina Lily**Lilium michauxiiMonocots, Liliaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#134: Flowering Dogwood*Cornus floridaEudicots, Cornaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#135: White TurtleheadChelone glabraEudicots, Plantaginaceae FamilyPerennial, Late Summer – Fall
South Carolina#136: Bee BalmMonarda didymaEudicots, Lamiaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#137: Carolina PhloxPhlox carolinaEudicots, Polemoniaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring – Fall
#138: Goldenrod**Solidago altissimaEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#139: Yellow Jessamine*Gelsemium sempervirensEudicots, Gelsemiaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Fall
Virginia#140: Gray BeardtonguePenstemon canescensEudicots, Plantaginaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#141: Flowering Dogwood*Cornus floridaEudicots, Cornaceae familyPerennial, Spring
#142: Obedient PlantPhysostegia virginianaEudicots, Lamiaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#143: Salt Marsh MallowKosteletzkya pentacarposEudicots, Malvaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
West Virginia#144: Eastern Red ColumbineAquilegia canadensisEudicots, Ranunculaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring – Summer
#145: Honey Bells (Buttonbush)Cephalanthus occidentalisEudicots, Rubiaceae FamilyDeciduous, Summer
#146: Rosebay Rhododendron*Rhododendron maximumEudicots, Ericaceae familyEvergreen, Spring/Summer
#147: Virginia BluebellsMertensia virginicaEudicots, Boraginaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
Close up photo of the flower of Bloodroot.

Bloodroot (Image: Natasha G (NatashaG)42)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 3: SOUTH – Division 6: East South Central
Alabama#148: Atamasco LilyZephyranthes atamasca (L.) Monocots, Liliaceae familyPerennial, Spring
#149: Camellia*Camellia japonicaEudicots, Theaceae FamilyEvergreen, Spring/Winter
#150: Crested Yellow OrchidPlatanthera cristata Monocots, Orchidaceae FamilyPerennial, Fall
#151: Hairyflower SpiderwortTradescantia hirsutiflora Monocots, Commelinaceae familyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#152: Oak-leaf Hydrangea**Hydrangea quercifoliaEudicots, Hydrangeaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
Kentucky#153: Blue StarAmsonia tabernaemontanaEudicots, Apocynaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#154: DaffodilNarcissus pseudonarcissusMonocots, Amaryllidaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#155: Goldenrod*Solidago giganteaEudicots, Asteraceae familyPerennial, Fall
#156: Grape HyacinthMuscaria armeniacumMonocots, Asparagaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
Close up photo of the flowers and leaves of Atamasco Lily.

Atamasco Lily (Image: Dien Nguyen (npdien)43)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 3: SOUTH – Division 6: East South Central
Mississippi#157: CrossvineBignonia capreolataEudicots, Bignoniaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Winter
#158: Magnolia*Magnolia grandifloraMagnoliids, Magnoliaceae FamilySpring/Summer
#159: Tickseed**CoreopsisEudicot, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#160: White-mouth DayflowerCommelina erectaMonocots, Commelinaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring – Fall
Tennessee#161: Iris^Iris versicolorMonocots, Iridaceae FamilyPerennial, Late Spring/Early Summer
#162: Purple Passionflower*Passiflora incarnataEudicots, Passifloraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#163: Tennessee Purple Coneflower**Echinacea tennesseensisEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#164: Sweet White TrilliumTrillium simileMonocots, Melanthiaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
Close up photo of the flowers and leaves of Crossvine.

Crossvine (Image: Susanne Alexander44)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 3: SOUTH – Division 7: West South Central
Arkansas#165: Apple Blossom*MalusEudicots, Rosaceae FamilyDeciduous, Spring
#166: Ashleaf GoldenbannerThermopsis fraxinifolia Eudicots, Fabaceae familyPerennial, Early Summer
#167: Copper IrisIris fulvaMonocots,

Iridaceae family

Perennial, Late Spring
#168: Evening RainlilyZephyranthes drummondiiMonocots, Liliaceae familyPerennial, Summer
Louisiana#169: Azure Blue SageSalvia azureaEudicots, LamiaceaePerennial, Summer
#170: Magnolia*Magnolia grandifloraMagnoliids, Magnoliaceae FamilySpring/Summer
#171: Louisiana Iris**Iris giganticaeruleaMonocots, Iridaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#172: Swamp AzaleaRhododendron viscosumEudicots, EricaceaeEvergreen, Summer
Close up photo of the flower of Louisiana Iris.

Louisiana Iris (Image: sandid45)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 3: SOUTH – Division 7: West South Central
Oklahoma#173: Prairie SpiderwortTradescantia bracteataMonocots, Commelinaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#174: Indian Blanket**Gaillardia pulchellaEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyAnnual/Perennial, Spring – Fall
#175: Mistletoe^Phoradendron leucarpumEudicots, Santalaceae FamilyEvergreen
#176: Oklahoma Rose*RosaEudicot, Rosaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
Texas#177: Bluebonnet*Lupinus texensisEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyAnnual, Late Spring
#178: Butterfly WeedAsclepias tuberosaEudicots, Apocynaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#179: SundropsOenothera berlandieriEudicots, Onagraceae FamilyPerennial, Late Spring/Early Summer
#180: Turk’s Cap (wax mallow)Malvaviscus arboreusEudicots, Malvaceae familyPerennial, Summer/Fall
Close up photo of the flower of Indian Blanket.

Indian Blanket (Image: Rajesh Balouria (balouriarajesh)46)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 4: WEST – Division 8: Mountain
Arizona#181: AgaveAgave AmericanaMonocots, Agavaceae familyPerennial, Summer
#182: Desert Sand VerbenaAbronia villosaEudicots, Nyctaginaceae familyAnnual, Spring – Fall
#183: Pink Funnel LilyAndrostephium breviflorumMonocots,Liliaceae familyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#184: Saguaro Cactus Bloom*Carnegiea giganteaEudicots, Cactaceae FamilyLate Spring/Early Summer
Colorado#185: Colorado Blue Columbine*Aquilegia coeruleaEudicots, Ranunculaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#186: Elephant Head LousewortPedicularis groenlandicaEudicots, Orobanchaceae FamilySummer/Fall
#187: Lewis’ FlaxLinum lewisiiEudicots, Linaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#188: Rocky Mountain Bee PlantPeritoma serrulataEudicots, Cleomaceae FamilyAnnual, Summer
Idaho#189: Beautiful Clarkia (Pink Fairies)Clarkia pulchellaEudicots, Onagraceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#190: Common CamasCamassia quamashMonocots, AsparagaceaePerennial, Summer
#191: Sacajawea’s BitterrootLewisia sacajaweanaEudicots, Montiaceae FamilyPerennial, Early Summer
#192: Syringa, Mock Orange*Philadelphus lewisiiEudicots, Hydrangeaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
Montana#193: Bitterroot*Lewisia redivivaEudicots, Montiaceae FamilyPerennial, Late Spring
#194: HarebellsCampanula rotundifoliaEudicots, Campanulaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#195: Lewis’  MonkeyflowerErythranthe lewisiiEudicots, Phrymaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#196: Nodding OnionAllium cernuumMonocots, Amaryllidaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
Close up photo of the flower of Nodding Onion.

Nodding Onion (Image: Dede (Deedster)47)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 4: WEST – Division 8: Mountain
Nevada#197: Desert MarigoldBaileya multiradiataEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyAnnual/Perennial, Spring – Fall
#198: Desert WillowChilopsis linearisEudicots, Bignoniaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring – Fall
#199: Engelmann’s Hedgehog CactusEchinocereus engelmanniiEudicots, Cactoideae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#200: Sagebrush*Artemisia tridentataEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyEvergreen, Late Summer
New Mexico#201: Autumn SageSalvia greggiiEudicots, Lamiaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring – Fall
#202: Columbian MonkshoodAconitum columbianumEudicots, Ranunculaceae FamilyPerennial, Late Summer
#203: Fringed AmaranthAmaranthus fimbriatusEudicots, Amaranthaceae FamilyAnnual, Fall
#204: Yucca Flower*Yucca glaucaMonocots, Asparagaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
Utah#205: Broad-Leaved GiliaAliciella latifoliaEudicots, Polemoniaceae FamilyAnnual, Spring
#206: Orange Mountain DandelionAgoseris aurantiacaEudicots, Asteraceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#207: Sego Lily*Calochortus nuttalliiMonocots, Liliaceae FamilyPerennial, Early Summer
#208: Utah Bird’s-Foot TrefoilAcmispon utahensisEudicots, Fabaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
Wyoming#209: ButtonbushCephalanthus occidentalisEudicots, Rubiaceae familyDeciduous, Summer
#210: Indian Paintbrush*Castilleja linariifoliaEudicots, Orobanchaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#211: Turk’s Cap (wax mallow)Malvaviscus arboreusEudicots, Malvaceae familyPerennial, Summer/Fall
#212: FrostweedVerbesina virginicaEudicots, Asteraceae familyBiennial, Late Summer/Fall
Close up photo of the flower and buds of Buttonbush.

Buttonbush (Image: Helga Kattinger (HelgaKa)48)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 4: WEST – Division 9: Pacific
Alaska#213: Candle LarkspurDelphinium elatumRanunculaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#214: Forget-me-not*Myosotis alpestrisEudicots, Boraginaceae FamilyPerennial, Summer
#215: Seep MonkeyflowerMimulus guttatusEudicots, Scrophulariaceae familyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#216: Western ColumbineAquilegia formosa Eudicots, Ranunculaceae familyPerennial, Summer
California#217: California Poppy*Eschscholzia californicaEudicots, Ranunculales FamilyAnnual, Spring/Summer
#218: Catalina Mariposa LilyCalochortus catalinaeMonocots, Liliaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring
#219: Mustard Evening PrimroseEulobus californicusEudicots, Onagraceae FamilyAnnual, Spring/Summer
#220: Scarlet BuglerPenstemon centranthifoliusEudicots, Plantaginaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
Close up photo of the flowers of Forget-me-not

Forget-me-not (Image: Hans49)

Region/StateFlower Common NameScientific NameClassificationTypes of Flowers by Life Cycle
REGION 4: WEST – Division 9: Pacific
Hawaii#221: AnthuriumAnthuriumMonocots, Araceae FamilyPerennial
#222: Blue GingerDichorisandra thyrsifloraMonocots, Commelinaceae FamilyEvergreen, Summer/Fall
#223: Hawaiian Hibiscus*Hibiscus brackenridgeiEudicots, Malvaceae FamilyPerennial
#224: Nanu (Hawaiian Gardenia)Gardenia brighamiiEudicots, Rubiaceae FamilyPerennial
Oregon#225: Inside-Out FlowerVancouveria hexandraEudicots, Berbidaceae FamilyPerennial
#226: Oregon Grape*Mahonia aquifoliumEudicots, Berberidaceae FamilyEvergreen, Spring
#227: Piggyback PlantTolmiea menziesiiEudicots, Saxifragaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#228: Western StarflowerLysimachia latifoliaEudicots, Primulaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
Washington#229: BaneberryActaea rubraEudicots, Ranunculaceae FamilyPerennial, Spring/Summer
#230: Coast Rhododendron*Rhododendron macrophyllumEudicots, Ericaceae FamilyEvergreen
#231: Merten’s Mountain-HeatherCassiope mertensianaEudicots, Ericaceae FamilyEvergreen, Summer
#232: Red BearberryArctostaphylos uva-ursiEudicots, Ericaceae FamilyEvergreen, Spring/Summer

* Denotes state flower.
** Denotes state wildflower.
^ Denotes other flower of significance.
Note: The state flower of Maine is not actually an Angiosperm.

Photo of the leaves of Anthurium.

Anthurium (Image: falco50)

Types of Lilies Flowers: Identifying “True” Lilies by Their Structure

Many flowers bear the word ‘lily’ in their name, and a significant number of these are not “true” lilies, or members of the Lilium genus. It can be tricky to know the difference without doing some research.

Here are a few pointers on how to identify true types of lilies flowers. “True” lilies:22, 23

  • Are perennial
  • Are grown from bulbs that are scaly
  • Have a single, erect stem growing from each bulb
  • Have 6-petaled flowers
  • Are members of the Lilium genus

Some true lilies include:

The following are not-true lilies:

Growing Flowers in Any Season

Part of establishing a successful flower garden is knowing what types of flowers to plant, and the other element is knowing when to plant them. Most flowers have a particular season when they bloom, and to see same-year blooms, a gardener must be attentive to when the bulbs or seeds should be planted.24


In the early spring, start seeds of annual flowers outdoors (or indoors before the last spring frost or outdoors). Examples of annuals include:

  • The Aster Family (daisies, sunflowers, gazanias, gaillardias, zinnias, marigolds, cosmos)
  • Poppies
  • Petunias
  • Salvia

Plant perennial bulbs which bloom in the fall:

  • Begonia
  • Calla Lilies
  • Dahlia
  • Daylilies
  • Gladiolus


Though summertime is generally too late to start most flowers from seed or bulb, early summer is a great time to transplant nursery flowers to a garden bed. The annual flowers listed above transplant beautifully in the months of May and June and complement a vegetable garden nicely.


Fall brings another wave of color, as those spring-planted bulbs begin to grow and flower. Early fall is the time to plant fall annuals, such as:25

  • Mums
  • Pansies
  • Alyssum
  • Violas

Fall is also the time to plant the perennial bulbs that will sprout in the following spring:

  • Crocus
  • Daffodil
  • Hyacinth
  • Iris
  • Tulip


Winter is a less abundant season where plant life is concerned, but that doesn’t mean it must necessarily be devoid of color. Plant the following bulbs at least 6 weeks before the first freeze to enjoy a splash of color all winter long:26

  • Crocus
  • Hellebore
  • Daphne
  • Camellia (winter blooming)
  • Mahonia
  • Scilla
  • Winter Aconite

Winter is also the time to mulch the beds of any flowers that may be more sensitive to the cold during their dormant state.

Flowering plants are among the most diverse groups of organisms on the planet, and their evolutionary history is simply amazing. Flowers are beautiful, culturally significant, and ecologically necessary, and a flower garden can be a year-round hobby!

Angiosperms (flowering plants) can be sorted into 8 groups, but the vast majority of species are either Eudicots (two cotyledons) or Monocots (single cotyledon. Understanding the difference between Eudicots and Monocots makes it easier to identify many types of flowers.

Frequently Asked Questions About Types of Flowers

How Many Types of Flowers Are There?

It is believed that there are as many as 400,000 species of flowering plants globally, which comprises a large percentage of the approximately 435,000 land plant species recognized by the National Science Foundation.4, 16

What Is the Rarest Type of Flower?

The rarest type of flower in the world is considered to be the Middlemist Camellia or “Middlemist Red,” a species of camellia native to China that survives as two individual specimens in New Zealand and England.27

What Flowers Grow in the Desert?

Hundreds of flowering plants grow in the desert, ranging from the giant cactus to climbing milkweed to members of the sunflower and poppy families. Hardy and heat-tolerant plants such as variants of cacti and succulents are particularly well-suited to life in the desert.27

What Flowers Are the Most Popular?

Historically, the rose has been the most popular of flowers, compelling one English rose breeder to spend millions of dollars and 15 years cultivating the notorious “Juliet Rose.” Roses aside, other flowering plants such as orchids, sunflowers, tulips, and irises are also hugely popular.28

What Is the Rarest Among the Types of White Flowers?

The rarest types of white flowers can be found in Taiwan and China. It is called the You Polo and is said to bloom only once in 3 millenniums.


1Smithsonian. (2018). Flora: Inside the Secret World of Plants. Penguin Random House.

2All My Favourite Flower Names. (2013). All My Favourite Flower Names. All My Favourite Flower Names. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.all-my-favourite-flower-names.com/types-of-flowers.html>

3Benton, M. J. (2021, October 26). The Angiosperm Terrestrial Revolution and the origins of modern biodiversity (233rd ed., Issue 5) [Scholarly Article]. New Phytologist Foundation. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nph.17822>

4Wikipedia. (2023, January 16). Flowering Plant. Wikipedia. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flowering_plant>

5University of Berkeley. (n.d.). (2023). Monocots versus Dicots. UC Museum of Paleontology. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://ucmp.berkeley.edu/glossary/gloss8/monocotdicot.html>

6Britannica. (n.d.). (2023). Angiosperm. Britannica. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.britannica.com/plant/angiosperm/General-features>

7Bennett, C. (2015). Southeast Foraging: 120 Wild and Flavorful Edibles from Angelica to Wild Plums. Timber Press.

8Niering, W., Olmstead, N., & Thieret, J. (2001). National Audobon Society Field Guide to North American Wildflowers: Eastern Region (2nd ed.). Chanticleer Press.

9Salmerón-Manzano, E., Garrido-Cardenas, J. A., & Manzano-Agugliaro, F. (2020). Worldwide Research Trends on Medicinal Plants. International journal of environmental research and public health, 17(10), 3376. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17103376>

10U.S. Forest Service. (2023). Why is Pollination Important? U.S. Forest Service. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.fs.usda.gov/wildflowers/pollinators/importance.shtml>

11Pankau, R. (2021, January 23). Angiosperms vs Gymnosperms. Illinois Extension. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://extension.illinois.edu/blogs/2021-01-23-angiosperms-vs-gymnosperm>

12Harris, M. (2003). Botanica: North America (1st ed.). Harper Resource.

13Dourson, J., & Dourson, D. (2019). Wildflowers and Ferns of Red River Gorge and the Greater Red River Basin. University Press of Kentucky.

14Haragan, P. D. (2014). The Olmsted Parks of Louisville: A Botanical Field Guide. University Press of Kentucky

15Edible Arrangements. (2022, September 15). 50 Most Popular Types of Flowers. Edible Arrangements.com. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.ediblearrangements.com/blog/types-of-flowers/>

16British Antarctic Survey. (2015). Antarctic Wildlife: Plants. British Antarctic Survey. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.bas.ac.uk/about/antarctica/wildlife/plants/>

17Smithsonian Gardens. (2023). Care of Hibiscus rosa-sinensis. Smithsonian Gardens. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://gardens.si.edu/learn/educational-resources/plant-care-sheets/care-of-hibiscus-rosa-sinensis/>

18Noronha, A. (2020, December 7). 15 Rare Flowers In The World And What Makes Them So. Travel.Earth. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://travel.earth/top-13-most-rare-flowers-in-the-world>

19Shvili, J. (2020, November 18). The 10 Rarest Flowers In The World. WorldAtlas. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.worldatlas.com/articles/what-is-the-rarest-flower-in-the-world.html>

20Osborn, L. (2023). Number of Native Species in United States. Current Results. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.currentresults.com/Environment-Facts/Plants-Animals/number-of-native-species-in-united-states.php>

21Wikipedia. (2022, December 16). List of U.S. state and territory flowers. Wikipedia. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flowering_plant>

22Britannica. (n.d.). (2023). Lily. Britannica. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.britannica.com/plant/lily>

23Walliser, J. (2019). Types of lilies: 8 beautiful choices for the garden. Savvy Gardening. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://savvygardening.com/types-of-lilies/>

24Sweetser, R. (2021, March 18). A Guide to Planting Annuals, Perennials, and Bulbs. Almanac. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.almanac.com/when-plant-flower>

25Costa Farms, LLC. (2023). 12 Spectacular Annual Fall Flowers. Costa Farms. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.costafarms.com/get-growing/slideshow/12-spectacular-annual-fall-flowers>

26Wicks, L., & Sansone, A. (2022, July 22). 12 Colorful and Hardy Plants for a Vibrant Winter Garden. Veranda. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.veranda.com/outdoor-garden/g34384895/winter-flowers/>

27Bowers, J. E. (1989). 100 Desert Wildflowers. Western National Parks Association.

28Bloomsy Box. (2020, September 2). What are the Ten Most Popular Flowers? BloomsyBox. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://www.bloomsybox.com/blog/posts/most-popular-flower>

29Robert, J., & Rivory, L. (1998). Pharmacology of irinotecan. Drugs of today (Barcelona, Spain: 1998), 34(9), 777–803. Retrieved January 5, 2023, from <https://doi.org/10.1358/dot.1998.34.9.485276>

30Fragrant Water Lily, Wild Cinnamon, China Rose, Pansy Orchids, Magnolia Tree, and more flower images. Provided by Denise Davis.

31Bark, Close-up, Moss Photo by Emilian Robert Vicol (Byrev). (2013, February 28) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 6, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/bark-close-up-moss-old-trees-88533/>

32Summer flowers, Coil, Digitalis Photo by 🌸♡💙♡🌸 Julita 🌸♡💙♡🌸 (pasja1000). (2020, March 30) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 6, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/summer-flowers-coil-digitalis-4985314/>

3320140311Prunus cerasifera Staden3 Photo by AnRo0002. (2014, March 11) / CC0 1.0 DEED | CC0 1.0 Universal. Cropped and added text, shape, and background elements. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved January 18, 2024, from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:20140311Prunus_cerasifera_Staden3.jpg>

34Garden Dahlia Species Information Image: Dahlia, flower, flower garden, and orange flower Photo by Madara. (2024, January 12) / Unsplash License. Cropped and added text, shape, and background elements. Unsplash. Retrieved January 18, 2024, from <https://unsplash.com/photos/a-field-of-pink-flowers-with-green-leaves-7TMun_z_mq4>

35Anemone, Anemone virginiana, Blossoms Photo by Annette Meyer (Nennieinszweidrei). (2020, June 2) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 7, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/anemone-anemone-virginiana-blossoms-5251682/>

36Lupins, Wild lupins, Forest Photo by Ursula Schneider (Duplex). (2020, June 1) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 7, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/lupins-wild-lupins-forest-5247986/>

37Aronia berries, Black chokeberry, Plant Photo by Goran Horvat (GoranH). (2020, July 27) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/aronia-berries-black-chokeberry-5442465/>

38Blossom, Embellishment, Raindrop Photo by Ilo (Couleur). (2019, April 10) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/blossom-embellishment-raindrop-4118336/>

39Polemonium reptans 2009 Photo by Ryan Kaldari. (2009, March 28) / Public domain. Resized. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Polemonium_reptans_2009.jpg>

40Sasanki, Flowers, Garden Photo by 💚🌺💚Nowaja💚🌺💚 (Nowaja). (2020, May 6) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/sasanki-flowers-garden-nature-5137909/>

41Flower, Butterfly weed, Milkweed Photo by Richard Alexander (CoastalSandpiper). (2022, May 3) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/flower-butterfly-weed-milkweed-7170596/>

42Bloodroot, Sanguinaria canadensis, Native Photo by Natasha G (NatashaG). (2016, January 25) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/bloodroot-sanguinaria-canadensis-1158978/>

43Rain-lily, Atamasco lily, White Photo by Dien Nguyen (npdien). (2016, June 30) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/rain-lily-atamasco-lily-white-1490490/>

44Hamilton county, tn, usa, and trumpet vine in United States Photo by Susanne Alexander. (2021, July 12) / Unsplash License. Resized. Unsplash. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://unsplash.com/photos/red-flower-in-tilt-shift-lens-PYTxUeuU0RM>

45Water iris, Louisiana iris, Rain Photo by sandid. (2019, October 22) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/water-iris-louisiana-iris-rain-4571135/>

46Indian blanket, Flower, Plant Photo by Rajesh Balouria (balouriarajesh). (2022, April 20) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/indian-blanket-flower-plant-nature-7145270/>

47Nodding onion, Lady’s leek, Plant Photo by Dede (Deedster). (2016, September 14) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/nodding-onion-ladys-leek-plant-1669301/>

48Buttonbush, Blossom, Bloom Photo by Helga Kattinger (HelgaKa). (2020, September 20) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/buttonbush-blossom-bloom-flower-5587862/>

49Forget me not, Flower, Meadow Photo by Hans. (2010, December 21) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/forget-me-not-flower-meadow-3966/>

50Anthurium, Leaf, Flamingo flower Photo by falco. (2013, November 15) / Pixabay Content License. Resized. Pixabay. Retrieved February 8, 2023, from <https://pixabay.com/photos/anthurium-leaf-flamingo-flower-210827/>