Strawberry Plant Growing: Plant, Care for 10 Strawberry Types, Beds, Containers

Georgette Kilgore headshot, wearing 8 Billion Trees shirt with forest in the background.Written by Georgette Kilgore

Gardening | April 2, 2024

Woman looking at a giant strawberry wonders if there is a strawberry plant growing guide that includes information on how to identify types of strawberries, how to grow strawberries in containers, and other planting strawberry tips and care.

If you can’t get enough of delicious Strawberries, you might be thinking about growing a Strawberry plant yourself. You will be delighted to know that growing Strawberries in your home garden is not difficult at all.

In fact, when you follow a few basic tips, you can easily produce a thriving Strawberry plant in beds and containers alike.

To help you learn more about the Strawberry plant, this complete guide explains some of the most popular varieties of strawberry to grow, planting tips for making sure your plants stay healthy, and ways you can plant strawberries in raised beds or containers in small spaces.

Strawberry, Strawberries

(Fragaria x ananassa)

Strawberry plant in oval frame on green background.
  • Characteristics:: When you think of the Strawberry plant, the sweet and sour taste of the delicious fruit may immediately rush to your mind. But beyond the flavor of its fruit, the Strawberry plant has distinct physical characteristics that you might find interesting.
  • Family: Rosaceae
  • Genus: Fragaria
  • Leaf: Ovate; green
  • Seed: Micro seeds encased in tiny achenes
  • Blossoms: Yellow, white, pink, burgundy
  • Native Habitat: North America, South America, Europe, Asia
  • Height: 6 Inches to 1 foot
  • Canopy: 1-2 Feet
  • Type: Perennial
  • Native Growing Zone: North America, South America, Europe, Asia

Image Credit: shonamcq35

Strawberry Plant Facts: An Overview of the Delicious Fruit

The Strawberry plant not only produces delicious treats for your taste buds, but also remains one of the easiest plants to grow in your home garden.

While you can trace back the origins of the Strawberry plant to Europe,1 you can now find it across the world.

This also explains why scrumptious Strawberries are such a sought after fruit all over the globe.

Graphic of Strawberry plant identification showing images of Strawberry leaves, Strawberry flower, Strawberry seeds, and Strawberry fruits, along with a US map color-coded for temperature growing zones.

When you look at a Strawberry plant, the small plant with lush green leaves looks something right out of a fairytale. The striking red fruit adds to their visual appeal, while the sight of beautiful blossoms acts like a cherry on top.

These round blossoms come in many different colors that include but are not limited to white, yellow, burgundy, and pink flowers. Because the typical size of a Strawberry plant is less than 12 inches in height, you can easily grow it in beds and containers alike.

Strawberry plants also grow large and stringy shoots called “runners,” which take roots in the ground to grow new plants.

You might find it extremely interesting that while we commonly know the large and fleshy Strawberries as the fruit of the Strawberry plant,1 it is actually the set of tiny gold seeds on top of them that technically qualifies as the fruit. These yellow seeds are called “achenes” and hold tiny seeds within them.

This makes the Strawberry fruit that we know and love the “accessory fruit.”3 But this doesn’t stop anyone, including you, from referring to the red flower receptacle as the actual Strawberry fruit.

While you can find many species and cultivars of Strawberries, you can categorize Strawberry plants into three sections: June-bearing, Everbearing, and Day-neutral.4,5

June-bearing Strawberries only bear fruit once a year, while everbearing Strawberries deliver fruit twice a year. Lately, you can also see the Day-neutral or Woodland Strawberry plant gaining popularity.

You can notice Day-neutral Strawberries bearing fruit throughout the growing season. But you may also note that June-bearing Strawberry plants have larger fruits and bigger yields than their Everbearing and Day-neutral counterparts.

After learning this information, it can get easier for you to remember that all types of Strawberries fall into one of these categories. But once again, if you want bigger fruits with larger yields, you may want to choose a variety of June-bearing Strawberries.

While you may only get fruits from June-bearing Strawberry plants once a year, it is well worth the quality over quantity. If you are trying to reduce the carbon footprint of vegan diet, growing your own Strawberries can be a good step for you.6

Now that you have these details at hand, you can move forward with learning more about Strawberry plant growing: plant, care for 10 Strawberry types, beds, containers.

10 of the Most Popular Strawberry Plant Types

The Strawberry plant has more than 100 species and subspecies,7 which means that you have an extensive variety of plants to choose for your home garden.

To help you get started, here is an overview of 10 of the most popular types of Strawberry plants.

Graphic of the types of Strawberry showing images of Allstar Strawberry, Cavendish Strawberry, Earliglow Strawberry, Sparkle Strawberry, and Fort Laramie Strawberry.

Type of StrawberryDescription
1. AllstarThese June-bearing Strawberry plants are popular for producing fruits with a sweet taste and tender skin. If you have been planning to start growing your own Strawberries, ‘Allstar’ can be a good starting step.
2. CavendishYou may find these June-bearing Strawberry plants to yield beautifully plump and sweet-tasting fruits. If you want to grow Strawberries that are visibly larger in size, ‘Cavendish’ might be the way to go.
3. EarliglowStaying true to their name, the ‘Earliglow’ variety of June-bearers delivers its fruits to you early in the growing season. You may find the ‘Earliglow’ fruits to not be as soft as varieties like Allstar, but their bite makes them all the more delicious to some people.
4. SparkleIf you like the name ‘Sparkle,’ you might be delighted to know that this June-bearing variety can certainly brighten up your day with a flavor that is distinctly and stereotypically Strawberry. You can also freeze these Strawberries for longer periods without drastically affecting their flavor.8
5. Fort LaramieDrawing away from the June-bearing Strawberries, this variety of Everbearing Strawberries can serve you well if you live in an area with cooler temperatures. You might also fall in love with the stunning scarlet shade of ‘Fort Laramie’ Strawberries.

Graphic of the types of Strawberry, showing images of Monterey Strawberry, Quinalt Strawberry, Ozark Beauty Strawberry, Albion Strawberry, and Seascape Strawberry.

Type of StrawberryDescription
6. MontereyYou can remember this everbearing Strawberry plant as the one to produce noticeably large fruits that are also sweet in their taste. ‘Monterey’ Strawberries are delightfully juicy when you bite into them, which also adds to their flavor.
7. QuinaltOften hailed as the best in the Everbearing variety of Strawberries, the ‘Quinalt’ can leave a positive impression on you with its sweet flavor profile. You may also find the fruit to have a soft texture that is not too chewy.
8. Ozark BeautyThis is an Everbearing Strawberry plant that you may find to be quite the crowd-pleaser for the size of its yield. You can grow ‘Ozark Beauty’ easily in cooler temperatures, which makes it a popular choice for colder areas.
9. AlbionYou can remember the ‘Albion’ day-neutral as the one to produce some of the sweetest Strawberries for its category. Similar to some other day-neutral Strawberry plants, it also holds better yields than its Everbearing cousins.9
10. SeascapeThis is a Day-neutral Strawberry plant that you can distinguish by the large size of its fruit. While the ‘Seascape’ plant does not have much to offer in terms of its yield as compared to June-bearing varieties, it does have a good flavor to its fruits.

After choosing the type of strawberries you’d like to grow, you’ll need to prepare your raised bed, lawn area, or containers.

Growing Zone Information: Where To Plant Strawberries

Before you decide whether to grow your Strawberries in a bed or a container, you need to learn about suitable planting zones for them. These planting zones are recommended by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) in its USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map.10

You can find these zones ranging between 1A-13B. Each zone refers to the area’s annual average minimum winter temperature.

This helps you determine whether your local environment is suitable for growing your very own Strawberry plant.

For a typical Strawberry plant, you can find the suggested USDA Plant Hardiness Zones to range between 5-9.1 But some varieties can thrive in areas that fall outside of that range.

For instance, the ‘Flavorfest’ June-bearing Strawberry plant can grow in areas that are categorized under USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 4-7.11

You may also notice that some June-bearing and Day-neutral varieties are suitable to grow in colder climates.12

Strawberry farm with rows of plants growing in round containers, supported by metal hoops, under a wooden structured canopy.

(Image: syahirhakim34)

But they need proper care in order to thrive.

This requires you to look at the recommended planting zones for each Strawberry plant before you decide to bring it home.

By following this practice, you can save yourself from a lot of heartache and lost resources that result from trying to grow a plant in an environment that is not suitable for it.

Planting Tips: How To Grow Strawberries

After learning about the different types of Strawberry plants, you might be excited to learn about how to actually grow them.

The following information gives you an overview on taking care of your Strawberry plants for optimal results.

What Does a Strawberry Plant Look Like: How To Identify

You can start knowing the Strawberry plant by remembering that it is a forb,29 which makes it a herbaceous flowering plant that is different from grass. This also means that it doesn’t have any woody tissue.

You may find typical Strawberry plants to be up to 1 foot long and around 1-2 feet in width. These plants have small green leaves as well as long and stringy shoots called runners branching out of them.

You can also note that Strawberry blossoms typically fall under types of white flowers, but they can also be yellow, pink, and burgundy in color. Fully-ripened Strawberries are typically red in color and firm to the touch.

When To Plant Strawberries for the Best Yield

Typically, the best time for you to plant Strawberries is early spring.

This holds true for June-bearing, everbearing, and day-neutral varieties alike.

Clear container filled with ripe red strawberry fruit surrounded by green strawberry plants and leaves.

(Image: snappetysima34)

With that being said, you might need to take a closer look at the type of Strawberry plant that you plan to grow and the area where you want to plant it.

It’s because when you live in specific climates, you might want to plant your Strawberries in the fall.13

What Type of Containers Do You Need?

If you are planting your Strawberry plant in a container, make sure that it is well-drained. Other than that, you can grow Strawberry plants in virtually any type of container ranging from pots to hanging baskets.14

This applies to all varieties of Strawberry plants.

Do You Have To Remove Runners To Grow Better Strawberries?

You can remember runners as the shoots of the Strawberry plant that take roots in nearby ground.

Many gardeners remove these runners to get better yields and improve the size of their Strawberries.15

Best Way To Grow: What Are the Best Growing Conditions for Strawberry Plant?

You can remember the best growing conditions for Strawberry plant with the following points.16

  • Rich and loamy soil with organic matter
  • Well-drained soil
  • Soil pH between 5.5-6.817
  • Full sunlight
  • 1-2 inches of water a week

What Are the Watering Needs for Strawberry Plants?

The watering needs for Strawberry plants are pretty straightforward for you to understand. Your new Strawberry plants may typically require 1 inch of water per week while they take the time to establish.18

Afterwards, you can slightly adjust this to 1-2 inches of water per week.

 Spacing: How Far Apart To Plant Strawberries

As a general rule of thumb, you should keep a space of 1-2.5 feet between your Strawberry plants.1

This equally applies to Strawberry plants that you grow in beds and containers.

Young strawberry plants with fresh green leaves sprouting from dark soil in a wooden planter.

(Image: ivabalk34)

If you plan to grow various plants in rows, you should keep a space of around 3-5 feet between these rows.1

This keeps Strawberry runners from taking roots near other plants and prevents disturbances in the growth of neighboring plants.

 Growth Rate: How Long It Takes To Grow Strawberries

When you plant a new Strawberry plant seed, it may typically take six months to reach its full height of around 1 foot.19 It is because Strawberry seeds require a break of dormancy,20 which is when seeds germinate after adjusting to their surroundings.

From the break of dormancy, your Strawberry plant may take two months to reach its full height.

This is also why most gardeners get Strawberry seedlings in order to reduce the wait time for fully growing their plants. However, you need to remember that some seedlings may still take around 6 months to reach full height.19

This depends on environmental factors. You can also remove Strawberry runners to promote plant growth.

When your Strawberry plant blooms, it may take around a month for it to bear fruit that you can pick afterwards.21 But you should make sure that you only pick ripe berries.

Otherwise, you might not fully enjoy the fruits of your labor.

Strawberry Plant Care: What Are Some of the Common Pests?

While you may be happy to know that Strawberries are one of the easiest fruits to grow in your home garden, they still carry some challenges. This includes pests infestations.

Some of the most common pests of the Strawberry plant include but are not limited to Strawberry sap bugs, Strawberry bud weevils, and tarnished plant bugs.

Depending upon the type of pests that you notice on your Strawberry plant, you can find specific ways to get rid of them.22

How To Stop Strawberry Plant Disease: Prevention and Care

Some of the most common Strawberry diseases include black root rot,31 powdery mildew, and leaf scorch. If you want to learn more about how to stop Strawberry plant disease, you need to follow plant care best practices.

This includes giving your plants full sunlight, ensuring proper soil drainage, and preventing winter damage.

How Much Sunlight Does Strawberry Plant Need Each Day?

If there’s one thing you need to know about the Strawberry plant, it’s that it loves sunlight.

You should try to give your Strawberry plant more than 10 hours of sunlight everyday.5

Strawberry field with rows of green plants and a path leading to a large strawberry sculpture on a stand, with a clear sky background.

(Image: danielsfotowelt34)

But if that is not possible, you should treat them to at least 6 hours of daily sunlight.

This also has another benefit: When you water your plants earlier in the day, proper sunlight helps dry them out to prevent excess soil dampness.23

How To Plant Strawberry Roots

Before you plant Strawberry roots from runners, you need to give them some time to grow by putting them in rich and organic soil.

You can do this by putting the soil in a plastic bag and packing the runner into it while it is still attached to the plant.

Once the runner takes roots, you can transplant it into the ground or in a container.

How To Plant: How To Start Growing a Strawberry From a Seed

It is important for you to remember that growing a Strawberry plant from a seed is typically not a recommended approach.24 It is because most Strawberries don’t respond well to seed planting at all.

Only specific types of Strawberries called alpine Strawberries mostly thrive under this method.25

But even for these Strawberries, when you plant the seeds that are found within the Strawberry achenes (which are the several tiny gold “seeds” on the red fruit), they can take approximately 3 weeks to germinate.

It can then take around 2 months for the germinated seeds to grow into tiny seedlings. This creates an excessive amount of wait for you to grow your own Strawberry plant.

That is why you may want to take a leaf out of other home gardeners’ books and look into growing Strawberries from bare root plants that are available for most Strawberry varieties.26 These plants are grown into seedlings by sellers, who wash off all soil from their roots before selling them.

After planting, your bare root Strawberry plant can typically start growing almost immediately.

But if you do want to grow your Strawberry plant from a seed, you can follow these steps.25

  1. Make sure you start 8 weeks before the last frost.
  2. You need to sow the seeds in a container with a seed starting mix.
  3. You should invest in a grow light to give the container consistent light for up to 45 days.
  4. You should keep the soil moist but prevent excessive dampness.
  5. Once seeds germinate, introduce them to outdoor environments for a week by putting them outside only during the day.
  6. After the seeds have gone through this introductory period, you can plant them outdoors in early spring.

How To Start Growing a Strawberry Plant From a Seedling

You might be happy to know that it is fairly easy to start growing a Strawberry plant from a seedling.

These seedlings are typically available in the form of bare root plants.

Close-up of strawberry seedlings with vibrant green leaves in a black tray.

(Image: saideclg34)

You can plant them in a bed or container with organically-rich and loamy soil by early spring. You also need to give them full sunlight with 1-inch of water per week.

Usually, bare root seedlings start growing immediately after planting.24

How To Start Growing From a Cutting

You can start growing a Strawberry plant from a cutting. The best way to follow this method comes in the form of planting a Strawberry runner, which is a shoot of the Strawberry plant that takes roots in the surrounding soil.27

By finding Strawberry runners that are already rooted, you can take them from the ground and transplant them into a bed or container of your choice.

Alternatively, if you find a Strawberry plant with runners that aren’t rooted, you can put the tip of the runner in a plastic bag full of rich soil while the runner is still attached to the Strawberry plant. You can then wrap the top of the plastic bag around the runner with tape or rope.

It may take a few weeks for the runner to take root in the soil in the bag. But once that happens, you can take the runner off the plant and transplant it into the ground.

Another way to growing a Strawberry plant from a cutting is to take other cuttings from Strawberry plants, dip them in rooting powder, and then plant them in a container until they grow into a seedling.28

While you can find the Strawberries virtually everywhere, growing them on your own can fill you with a certain sense of joy, pride, and absolute confidence. By learning how to grow a Strawberry plant, you can enjoy this delicious treat for years to come.

Frequently Asked Questions About Strawberry Plant

What Do Strawberry Leaves Look Like?

You may find Strawberry leaves to be green in color and ovate in shape. In the fall, they can take various shades ranging from gold to burgundy.1

What Does Strawberry Flower Look Like?

You can find the tiny but appealing Strawberry flower to be saucer-shaped, with colors ranging from white to pink. Many types of bees can pollinate these flowers.

What Do Strawberry Seeds Look Like?

Strawberry seeds are tiny and encased in the small and yellow specks called “achenes” that adorn the red Strawberry which you know as the fruit. You might want to know the interesting fact that the achenes are actually the fruit of the Strawberry plant, but the red and fleshy receptacle has taken over this status from them.

What Do Strawberry Seedlings Look Like?

You will find Strawberry seedlings to be green, small and only a few inches in size. You can also notice Strawberry seedlings to have a few tiny leaves attached to them.

What Are the Growing Zones for Strawberry Plant, Where To Grow Them?

The USDA Hardiness Zones for Strawberry plants range between 5-9.1 But some varieties of the Strawberry plant can be grown in areas that fall outside of this range.

What Are Some Companion Plants For Growing Strawberries?

Some of the most popular companion plants for growing Strawberry plant include beans, spinach, garlic, and horseradish.30 You can also speak to experts at your local garden center to find plants that suit your local climate.

Is There a Natural Pest Control for Strawberry Plant?

Depending upon the issue at hand, you can use various types of natural pest control for Strawberry plant. This includes but is not limited to citrus oil, water spray, or natural soap.22

What To Remember While Growing Strawberries for Jams?

If you are growing Strawberries solely for making jams, make sure to choose a June-bearing variety. This type of Strawberry plant has the highest yield, which gives you a larger amount of Strawberries to enjoy.

What Is the Best Soil for Strawberries?

The ideal soil for strawberries is loamy, organically-rich, and well-draining. Ensure its pH is maintained between 5.5-6.8 for optimal growth.17

What Is a Strawberry Sprout?

A Strawberry sprout is a green shoot that stems from the achenes or yellow seeds over the Strawberry. This can happen while the fruit is attached to the plant.32

What Should You Avoid While Planting Strawberries?

Some of the most important mistakes to avoid while planting Strawberries include not knowing if the plant is suitable for your climate,33 overwatering the plant, and letting the runners go wild to the point where they interfere with other plants’ growth.

Are Strawberries Perennials?

Strawberries are perennial plants that can thrive for several years. It’s essential to tend to them diligently to fend off diseases and pests, so you can enjoy them for a longer period.

Are Strawberries a Fruit?

You might find it pretty interesting that Strawberries are technically classified as a “false fruit” or “accessory fruit.”2 It is because the red fleshy Strawberry is just a grown flower receptacle, while the tiny yellow achenes around it are actually the main fruit with seeds encased within it.

Where Can You Buy a Strawberry Plant?

You can buy a Strawberry plant at your local garden center or online stores.

What Should You Look For To Know When To Pick Strawberries?

You can pick Strawberries when you notice them looking red as well as being firm and ripe to the touch. But make sure not to eat any Strawberries that look moldy.

Can You Have a Full Grown Strawberry Plant in a Container?

You can have a full grown Strawberry plant in a container, as long as the container has well-drained soil and gets full sunlight during the day.


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