54 Daisy Flower: Types of Daisies How To Grow, Facts, Meaning, Gardening

Kim Williamson, Author 8 Billion TreesWritten by Kim Williamson

Gardening | April 2, 2024

Man bending over to smell white daisy flower field after learning how to identify daisies from lookalikes, how to grow and plant daisy flowers indoors and out, and care tips for growing daisies.

The Daisy Flower is a sure sign of spring and a staple in many lawns and gardens.

What many people don’t realize is how many variations of the classic daisy there actually are and how large the daisy family is.

This guide explains tons of things about the common daisy flower, from how it got its name to how to grow it.

Learn to identify more than 54 different types of “daisies” in the Asteraceae family and distinguish them from non-daisy lookalikes.

English Daisy, Common Daisy, Lawn Daisy

(Bellis perennis)

Photo of a Daisy Flower in an oval frame on a green background.
  • Characteristics: The English Daisy is a low growing perennial of European origin. It bears a hairy stem, hairy spatula-shaped leaves, and a colorful flower inflorescence up to 3 inches in size.
  • Family: Asteraceae
  • Genus: Bellis
  • Type: Herbaceous perennial; Often grown as an annual.
  • Leaf: Leaves are oblong and clustered near the plant base. They may be 3 to 6 in. arranged alternately or 1 to 2 in. arranged in a rosette pattern. Leaves are simple and may have smooth, lobed or dentate margins.
  • Seed: Tiny, flat, yellowish brown.
  • Blossoms: 1 to 3 in. inflorescence (flower head) with a yellow center made up of tiny disc flowers surrounded by many (20+) ray flowers with petals ranging from white to red and pink. Blooms in spring and early summer.
  • Native Habitat: Europe
  • Growth Zone: USDA 4 - 9
  • Height: 3 to 6 in.
  • Width: 3 to 9 in.

What Is Bellis Perennis?

Bellis perennis, the English daisy or common daisy, is a wildflower that originated in Europe and has become naturalized worldwide. This common wildflower sports small, white flower heads with a yellow center. It blooms in early spring, and the blooms sometimes last until fall. As an herbaceous perennial, the daisy typically dies out in the cold season and returns in the springtime.

The English daisy is a vigorous plant that spreads through rhizomes – underground stems that branch out horizontally with adventitious roots.30

Close up image of the side of a pink daisy flower on a blue background.

(Image: Holger Krisp36)

The English Daisy is an opportunist, popping up along roadsides, in meadows and lawns, and any disturbed site. The daisy is easy to grow and is a bright and cheery addition to any garden, but it has become a familiar and stubborn lawn weed in many U.S. states. In fact, Bellis perennis is even considered invasive in some areas of the U.S.27

What Does the Name Bellis Perennis Mean?

The scientific name of the English daisy is Bellis perennis. The genus name Bellis is Latin for “pretty,” and the species name perennis is Latin for “perennial” or “long-lasting.”

Thus, the scientific name can be loosely translated to mean “beauty everlasting” alluding to the longevity of the blooming season in temperate climates.5

Daisy Flower Meaning

The common name “Daisy” is thought to originate with the Old English expression “day’s eye.” This name likely developed from observation of the flower’s blooms. The flower heads of the daisy open during the day and close at night… hence, the day’s eye.

There is even more than this to the Daisy Flower meaning, as it has come to represent many varying ideas and constructs through the years. The daisy is a symbol of purity and chastity, childhood innocence and playfulness, happiness and joy, humility, good luck, rebirth and renewal, and new beginnings.5

Daisy Flower Facts

The daisy is a common enough flower that many people may not think too long about it. However, there are several interesting Daisy Flower facts that everyone should know, such as:

  1. The English Daisy, or Bellis perennis, is the birth flower for the month of April.5
  2. B. perennis was first named in 1753, more than two centuries ago!13
  3. Daisies are edible and have been appreciated for their medicinal properties for centuries.24
  4. Daisies are beloved of pollinators, particularly bees.24
  5. The Daisy’s flowerhead, a capitulum inflorescence, is not a single flower but is actually composed of hundreds of tiny flowers.24

Bellis Perennis Flower Varieties and Cultivars

When people think of daisies, most will conjure an image of the common white Daisy Flower, the English daisy with its simplistic but beautiful blooms. Bellis perennis is the most widespread daisy species, and it is also the species with the most varieties and cultivars. Most cultivated varieties boast bright colors and striking full, double blooms.

The following chart lists some of the most popular B. perennis cultivars.3,9,12,20,23

Daisy Flower Varieties: Bellis perennis Varieties and Cultivars
Common NameColorCharacteristics
Alba PlenaWhiteDouble flowers
AlicePale pinkDouble flowers
AucubifoliaWhiteGold-mottled foliage
Double PinkPinkMiniature and tightly packed
Dresden ChinaPinkDouble flowers
EnormaWhiteVery long stems
Floro PlenoBright redDensely double
Galaxy RoseDeep pinkLarge and densely double
HabaneraWhite with pink tipsVery large flowers
Hens and ChickensThe central flower is pink, auxiliary flowers are whiteSmall flower heads clustered around a large flower head
KitoPink to cherry redLarge, semi-quilled
PomponetteWhite, pink, or redSmall, densely double
RobellaSalmon pinkDensely double
Rob RoyRedDouble
Tasso PinkFrothy pinkDense pom-pom (quilled)
Tasso Strawberries and CreamCreamy white to soft pink blooms; red centerDense pom-pom (quilled)

How To Identify Daisy Flowers

Knowing how to identify Daisy Flowers by observing their characteristics can be incredibly helpful, particularly when looking to add this well-loved plant to a garden or landscape.

The English daisy has a recognizable physique, but it can be very difficult to differentiate it from its close relatives.

The following sections look at the defining features of the daisy family and how B. perennis can be distinguished.

Identifying Daisy Flower Leaves

One of the most defining features of the English daisy is its leaves. Daisy Flower leaves are uniquely shaped and arranged.

The leaves of B. perennis are spatulate, or spoon-shaped, flat, rounded, and broader at the tip than the base. The green leaves often have long petioles, a fairly prominent central vein, and smaller branching lateral veins.

Graphic that shows How to identify daisy flower using flower, leaves, seedpods, and seeds.

English daisy leaves are usually between 2 and 6 inches in length, forming a rosette around the base of the plant. This basal rosette configuration is commonly seen in many members of the daisy family. The stems are leafless.

The leaves of B. perennis may have soft hairs on their underside, and they may be slightly lobed or toothed.10

Identifying Daisy Flower Flowers

Members of the daisy family, Asteraceae, have a unique and recognizable flower configuration. Daisy Flower flowers are not actually flowers in the conventional sense – a single flower with a number of petals. Rather, they are composite flowers that are made up of tens to hundreds of tiny flowers creating the appearance of a single flower.

Hence, the daisy family’s previous name, Compositae.

Composite flowers, like those in the daisy family, are usually made up of two main types of flowers:1

  1. Tiny, tubular, 5-petaled flowers clustered to form a disc or dome shape at the flower head’s center.
  2. Small, ray flowers surround the central disc, each with a single petal, often strap-like.

This type of composite flower head is known as a capitulum. In the English daisy, the central disc may be composed of hundreds of tiny, yellow florets, surrounded by more than 20 ray flowers with white, slender, flattened petals. The capitulum can range in size from 1 to 3 in.19

Close up photo of an example of a yellow or orange daisy.

(Image: Lennity37)

Note that each cultivar of B. perennis will vary significantly in the appearance of its flowers and, in some cases, leaves as well.

Identifying Daisy Flower Roots

Many members of the daisy family have spreading habits, but the English daisy is among the most aggressive, making it weedy in many lawns and gardens.

The fibrous roots of B. perennis are rhizomatous, meaning that the roots send out horizontal underground stems which form new root shoots. This allows the English daisy and similar plants to form clusters in areas where grass is sparse.11

Identifying Daisy Flower Seeds

Identifying Daisy Flower seeds can be tricky due to their minuscule size. Single seeds are contained within dry achenes, a sort of thin covering for the seeds.

The English daisy achenes are extremely small (<2 mm), flattened, brown to yellow in color, and usually oval- or lance-shaped.2 Most seeds are produced by the central disc flowers, and those produced by ray flowers may be slightly larger and harder.18

The “True” Daisies of the Bellis Genus

According to Plants of the World Online – Kew Royal Botanic Gardens, there are 14 accepted species in the Bellis genus.33

These might be considered “true” daisies. Most members of the daisy genus are endemic to the Mediterranean area and grow as wild Daisy Flower. B. perennis is the parent plant of the most cultivated species (see above table). There are no species native to North America though some have been introduced.

Types of “True” Daisy Flowers – The Bellis Genus

Below are the commonly considered as the “true” types of Daisy flowers:16, 33

Common Name/ Scientific NameNative RegionPlant CharacteristicsHabitat and Growth Habit
1. Annual Daisy/Bellis annua6Mediterranean to IranLeaf: Spatulate in rosette arrangement.Habitat: Grows wild near the sea, and prefers acidic soil.
Flower: White flower heads with a yellow center up to 4cm.
Stem:  Stems up to 15 cm.
2. Bellis azoricaAzores (Atlantic archipelago – Portugal)Leaf: Decumbent leaves.Habitat: Grows wild in mountain grasslands.
Flower: Flower heads up to 2.5cm.
Stem: Stems up to 15cm.
3. Corsican Daisy/Bellis bernardiiCorsicaLeaf: Short, wide leaves.Habitat: Prefers damp mountain grasslands.
Flower: White flower heads up to 2.4cm.
Stem: Slender stems up to 6cm.
4. Bellis caerulescens7MoroccoFlower: Flowerheads are purplish.Habitat: Grows vigorously in rocky areas and woodlands.
Stem: Stems up to 20cm.
5. Bellis cordifoliaSpain
6. Bellis hyrcanicaSoutheast Transcaucasus to North Iran
7. Bellis longifoliaCreteLeaf: Oblong leaves up to 5cm.Habitat: Grows wild in rocky, mountain areas.
Flower: Flower heads up to 3.4 cm. Smaller than the English daisy.
Stem: Stems up to 20 cm.
8. Calabrian Daisy/Bellis margaritifolia8Italy, SicilyLeaf: Spatulate, often toothed leaves in a rosette at the stem base.
Flower: White inflorescence with yellow to orange center.
9. Bellis pappulosaWest Mediterranean
10. English Daisy/Bellis perennisEurope to Western AsiaLeaf: Spatulate leaves up to 8cm.Habitat: Grows wild in grassland and open forest.
Flower: Radiate flower heads up to 4.5 cm.Cultivated for gardening.
Stem:- Leafless stems up to 15cm.Growth Habit: Spread by rhizomes; weedy in lawns.
11. Bellis prostrata29Northwest AfricaLeaf: Spatulate, hairless leaves.Habitat: Grows wild in wetlands and peaty soil.
Stem: Prostrate stems with multiple large flower heads.
12. Bellis pusillaItalyFound only in Italy; possible variant of B. perennis.
13. Bellis rotundifoliaAlgeria, MoroccoLeaf: Rounded or broadly oval leaves up to 9 cm.Habitat: Grows in damp or shaded areas.
Flower: Flower heads up to 7 cm, white to purplish red.
Stem:- Stems up to 45 cm.
14. Southern Daisy or Wild Daisy/Bellis sylvestris14Europe to the MediterraneanLeaf: Large, dark green, spatulate leaves up to 5 cm.Habitat: Grows in grasslands and meadows.
Flower: Flowerheads up to 7cm, sometimes crimson-tipped.Growth Habit: Large and robust with creeping root habit.
Stem:- Stems up to 50 cm.

Types of Daisy Flower

There are many types of Daisy Flower outside the Bellis genus, as the daisy name has come to represent the Asteraceae family as a whole, one of the largest flowering plant families known to science. These daisies nearly cover the full spectrum of the rainbow with:

  • Blue Daisy Flower like the Blue Daisy and the Tatarian Daisy.
  • Orange Daisy Flower like the Gloriosa Daisy and the Gaillardia Daisy.
  • Pink Daisy Flower like the Michaelmas Daisy and the Bitter Daisy.
  • Purple Daisy Flower like the Coneflower Daisy and the Seaside Daisy.
  • Red Daisy Flower like the Painted Daisy and the Barberton Daisy.
  • Yellow Daisy Flower like the Chocolate Daisy and the Dahlberg Daisy.

40 Other Daisy Flowers: The Asteraceae Family

Whether Daisy Flowers were given the common name ‘daisy’ due to their appearance, previous classifications, or close relation to true daisies, they are among the most familiar to gardeners. Most flowering plants with the epithet ‘daisy’ are members of the daisy family: Asteraceae. Unlike the true daisies of the Bellis genus, there are many Daisy Flowers that are native to North America.

The following table can be used as an identification guide to 40 types of Daisy Flowers in the Asteraceae family.

Common NameScientific NameNative RegionPlant CharacteristicsHabitat and Growth Habit
15. African DaisyGazania rigensCoastal S. AfricaLeaf: Spatulate, basal, alternating, lobed, hairy underside, up to 6 in.Habitat: Sandy to average well-draining soils and cool sunshine. Full-sun.
Flower: Orange to yellow flower heads up to 6 in. with orange-brown center and 20+ ray petals.Growth Habit: Annual. Spring to fall bloom time. Deadhead to encourage blooming.
Stem: Trailing stems up to 10 in.
16. American Daisy (Panicled Aster)Symphyotrichum lancealotumN. AmericaLeaf: Lance-shaped, up to 4 in. around the plant base and lower stem.Habitat: Prefers meadows and roadsides, average soil.
Flower: White flower heads up to 2cm with up to 50 ray petals.Growth Habit: Spreads and forms colonies via rhizomes.
Stem: Erect, rounded, mostly smooth, up to 5 ft.
17. Barberton Daisy (Gerber Daisy)Gerbera jamesoniiSE AfricaLeaf: Spatula-shaped, rosette basal arrangement, up to 20 in.Habitat: Moist, well-draining soil in full sun. Zones 8 – 11.
Flower: Red, yellow, or orange flower heads, single to semi-double, up to 4 in., with a dark disc center and up to 20 ray petals.Growth Habit: Perennial. Bloom in summer and fall.
Stem: Straight and rounded, hairy and leafless, up to 18 in.
18. Barnyard Daisy (Chamomile)Chamaemelum nobileEurope, East AsiaLeaf: Evergreen, fragrant, compound, alternate arrangement, up to 3 in.Habitat: Well-draining soil, moist to dry. Zones 4-9.
Flower: White flower heads less than 1 in. with up to 20 ray petals. Aromatic.Growth Habit: Perennial. Low-growing with creeping roots. Blooms spring to fall.
Stem: Hairy.
19. Bitter Daisy (Daisy Fleabane)Erigeron acrisNorthern HemisphereLeaf: Spatulate, lobed, basal, up to 6 in. and oblong, smaller foliage alternating up the stem.Habitat: Favors meadows, river banks and forest edges.
Flower: Multiple white flower heads per stem. Delicate inflorescence less than 1 in. with 100+ thready rays.Growth Habit: Biennial. Blooms in spring and early summer.
Stem: Straight, green to red, up to 18 in., unbranched.
Common NameScientific NameNative RegionPlant CharacteristicsHabitat and Growth Habit
20. Blue DaisyFelicia amelloidesS. AfricaLeaf: Ovate, hairy, rough-textured, up to 1 in.Habitat: Moist soils and cool climates. Perennial in zones 10 – 11.
Flower: Radial flower head up to 1.5 in. with golden disc center and up to 20 blue ray petals.Growth Habit: Annual.
Stem: Woody subshrub up to 2 ft.
21. Blue-Eyed African DaisyArctotis stoechadifoliaS. AfricaLeaf: Wooly, spatula-shaped, rosette arrangement, up to 3 in.Habitat: Coastal dunes, dry conditions, sandy or rocky soil. Zones 8 – 11.
Flower: Creamy white flower heads up to 3 in. with the blue center disc ringed in yellow. 20+ rays.Growth Habit: Annual/Perennial. Spreads by self-seeding and root nodes. Summer through fall blooms.
Stem: Multi-branching, ribbed.
22. Butter DaisyMelampodium divaricatumMexico to BrazilLeaf: Oval-shaped, velvet-textured, opposite arrangement up the stem.Habitat: Prefers hot, dry climates.
Flower: Flower heads up to 3 in. with dark yellow central disc and bright yellow ray petals.Growth Habit: Annual. Flowers May until frost.
Stem: Up to 2 ft.
23. Cape Daisy (White African Daisy)Dimorphotheca pluvialisS. AfricaLeaf: Obovate, dentate margins, up to 6 in.Habitat: Prefers low humidity, full sun, and well-draining fertile soil. Zones 9 – 10.
Flower: Flower heads up to 3 in. with brown disc center and 20+ white rays with purple tint at their base.Growth Habit: Annual. Flowers in spring and summer.
Stem: Up to 16 in.
24. Carolina Doll’s DaisyBoltonia carolinianaEastern U.S.Leaf: Long, narrow, waxy. Alternate arrangement, up to 6 in.Habitat: Prefers the damp soil of floodplains and swamp forests. Zones 7-9.
Flower: Flowerheads <1 in. with a yellow disc center and 20+ white to lavender rays.Growth Habit: Perennial. Late summer/fall bloom time.
Stem: Smooth and waxy. Can grow bushy up to 6 ft.

Close up photo of the African Daisy Flower on green background.

Common NameScientific NameNative RegionPlant CharacteristicsHabitat and Growth Habit
25. Carpet Daisy (Horseherb)Calyptocarpus vialisSouthern U.S., Caribbean, VenezuelaLeaf: Semi-evergreen, lance-shaped, serrated, opposite arrangement, <1 in.Habitat: Grows well in dry, shady areas. Zones 7-10.
Flower: Tiny yellow flowers with 6 rays.Growth Habit: Perennial. Ground cover. Spreads by runners and adventitious roots. Can become weedy.
Stem: Round, green and hairy.
26. Chocolate DaisyBerlandiera lyrataSW U.S. and MexicoLeaf: Spatula-shaped, compound, wooly, toothed, up to 6 in.Habitat: Dry, rocky limestone with well-draining soil. Thrives in disturbed locations.
Flower: Flower heads up to 3 in. with a red-brown center and up to 20 yellow ray petals. Petals smell of chocolate when picked.Growth Habit: Perennial. Can bloom year-round in warm weather.
Stem: Straight, sometimes branched, striped in parallel. Up to 2 ft.
27. ConeflowerEchinacea purpureaEastern and Central U.S.Leaf: Wedge-shaped, up to 8 in., toothed margins.Habitat: Moist, well-draining soil in zones 3-8.
Flower: Flower heads up to 6 in. with a dark central dome center and up to 20 drooping lavender ray petals.Growth Habit: Perennial. Summer bloom time. Reseeds.
Stem: Light green, stiff, and hairy, with some purple streaking. Up to 4 ft.
28. Crown DaisyGlebionis coronariaMediterraneanLeaf: Aromatic, bipinnately lobed.Habitat: Mild and cool climates.
Flower: Small flower heads with yellow disc center, up to 20 rays (yellow at the base and white at the tip).Growth Habit: Annual
29. Dahlberg DaisyThymophylla tenuilobaTexas, MexicoLeaf: Segmented, thready, opposite arrangement, fragrant.Habitat: Well-drained, sandy soil and full sun. Zones 9-10.
Flower: Golden flower heads, .5 in. with up to 20 rays.Growth Habit: Annual. Self sowing.
Stem: Smooth, branch at base, decumbent or erect.
Common NameScientific NameNative RegionPlant CharacteristicsHabitat and Growth Habit
30. Desert Star Daisy22Monoptilon bellidiformeSW U.S.Leaf: Light green, linear, .5 in.Habitat: Prefers sandy or rocky soil and full sun. Hardy.
Flower: Flower heads <1 in. with yellow centers and up to 20 white ray petals.Growth Habit: Annual.
Stem: Short, bristly, up to 6 in.
31. Dill DaisyArgyranthemum foeniculaceumCanary IslandsLeaf: Edible, broadleaf evergreen, fragrant, up to 4 in.Habitat: Dry cliffs and rocky crevices. Not shade tolerant. Zones 8-11.
Flower: Flower heads up to 3 in. with yellow centers and 20+ ray petals.Growth Habit: Perennial. Bushy. Blooms spring through fall.
Stem: Woody, multi-branched, ascending.
32. Dog DaisyAchillea millefoliumEurope, N. AmericaLeaf: Soft, narrow, compound, and deeply divided, basal rosette and alternating arrangement, up to 3 in.Habitat: Well-draining soil. Zones 3-9.
Flower: Many tiny ray flowers form a corymb. Variable colors.Growth Habit: Perennial. Ground cover, spreading. Blooms all summer.
Stem: Hairy and aromatic, up to 3 ft.
33. Dogtooth Daisy (Common Sneezeweed)Helenium autumnaleN. AmericaLeaf: Lance-shaped, stalkless, toothed, up to 5 in.Habitat: Prefers the moist soils of wetlands, swamps, and ponds. Zones 3-8.
Flower: Flower heads up to 3 in. with a brown center disk and up to 20 wedge-shaped, 3-lobed, yellow rays.Growth Habit: Perennial. Clumping growth. Bloom time summer and fall.
Stem: Up to 5 ft.
34. Easter Daisy (Stemless Townsend Daisy)Townsendia exscapaN. AmericaLeaf: Gray/green, fuzzy, rosette arrangement, spatula-shaped, <3 in.Habitat: Woodlands and semi-desert areas. High elevations.
Flower: Often stemless, flower heads up to 2 in. with a yellow disc center and 20+ white to pink rays.Growth Habit: Short-lived perennial. Short and compact.
Stem: Grayish green and hairy.
Close up photo of the Carpet Daisy surrounded by its larger leaves.

(Image: Forest & Kim Starr38)

Common NameScientific NameNative RegionPlant CharacteristicsHabitat and Growth Habit
35. Electric Daisy (Toothache Plant)Acmella oleraceaS. AmericaLeaf: Oval-shaped, broad, toothed, arranged opposite, up to 4 in.Habitat: In cultivation. Wetlands. Full to part sun. Zones 9-11.
Flower: Tiny, solitary flower heads composed of hundreds of disc flowers. Red at the center and yellow at the periphery.Growth Habit: Annual. Herb. Spreading. Summer and fall blooming season.
Stem: Green to reddish, smooth, straight, up to 18 in.
36. Engelmann’s Daisy (Cutleaf Daisy)Engelmannia peristeniaCentral U.S., MexicoLeaf: Broadleaf evergreen, up to 1 ft., wooly, compound, oval, or linear, may be lobed or toothed, arranged in rosette or alternating.Habitat: Well-draining soil, tending towards dry. Full sun. Zones 5 – 10.
Flower: Showy, yellow flower heads up to 3 in. with a yellow center disc and 8 yellow rays.Growth Habit: Perennial. Upright, with deep taproot.  Spring to summer blooming season.
Stem: Stout. Up to 3 ft.
37. Everlasting Daisy (Strawflower)Xerochrysum bracteatumAustraliaLeaf: Lance-shaped, alternating, hairy, up to 5 in.Habitat: Average or dry soil. Full sun to part shade. Zones 8-10.
Flower: Flowerheads up to 3 cm with yellow center disc flowers surrounded by many colorful, petal-like bracts.Growth Habit: Annual. Spring to fall blooming season.
Stem: Straight stems growing up to 5 ft. but usually 2 to 3 ft.
38. False DaisyEclipta prostrataAsia, N. AmericaLeaf: Long, narrow, up to 5 in., with toothed margins and a pointed tip.Habitat: Tropical and warm temperate areas. Prefers wet, mucky soil. Zones 10-12.
Flower: Small flower heads <1 in. with white to yellow disc centers and 20+ thready rays.Growth Habit: Annual/perennial. Prostrate or ascending growth. Spreading habit.
Stem: Rounded, fleshy, 3+ ft.
39. Florist’s Daisy (Chrysanthemum)Chrysanthemum x morifoliumAsiaLeaf: Lance-shaped, fragrant, alternating, up to 6 in., may be toothed or lobed.Habitat: Prefers full sun and well-draining soil. Zones 5-9.
Flower: Flower heads up to 6 in. or more. Solitary or clustered. May be single, double, or semi-double. 20+ colorful rays surrounding central yellow disc flowers.Growth Habit: Perennial. Mound-forming. Fall blooming.
Stem: Up to 3 ft.
Common NameScientific NameNative RegionPlant CharacteristicsHabitat and Growth Habit
40. Gaillardia Daisy (Blanket Flower)Gaillardia spp.AmericasLeaf: Gray/green, large, softly hairy, narrow, variable margins.Habitat: Sandy, fast-draining soil and full sun.
Flower: Flower heads up to 4 in. in bright reds, yellows, and oranges, often banded or ringed. Species may present with lobed ray petals or with tubular flowers at the periphery.Growth Habit: Annual. Self-sowing. Mounding growth.
Stem: Hairy.
41. Gloriosa Daisy (Black-Eyed Susan)Rudbeckia hirtaEastern U.S.Leaf: Oval-shaped, rough-textured, up to 6 in., arranged alternately.Habitat: Well-draining soil in zones 3-8.
Flower: Flower heads up to 3 in. with a dark central disc and up to 20 yellow to orange ray petals.Growth Habit: Biennial. Fast-growing. Self-seeding.
Stem: Grooved and hairy, up to 2 ft.
42. Golden Marguerite DaisyAnthemis tinctoriaS. EuropeLeaf: Gray-green, aromatic, fern-like, hairy underneath.Habitat: Well-draining, low-fertility soil, full sun.
Flower: Solitary flower heads with yellow disc centers surrounded by 20+ ray flowers.Growth Habit: Perennial. Herb. Clumping growth. Blooms spring and summer.
Stem: Up to 2 ft.
43. Golden Shrub Daisy (Golden Euryops)Euryops pectinatusS. AfricaLeaf: Gray/green, alternating, up to 3 in., deeply lobed.Habitat: Well-draining soil, full sun.
Flower: Yellow flower heads with golden disc centers and up to 20 bright yellow rays.Growth Habit: Perennial. Compact growth. Can bloom year round.
Stem: Up to 6 ft.
44. Last Chance Townsend DaisyTownsendia apricaUtah, U.S.Leaf: Hairy, <.5 in.Habitat: Clay or clay silt, soils with high salinity.
Flower: Flower heads have yellow centers and up to 20 rays which are yellow above and purple below.Growth Habit: Perennial forb. Mounding, dense.
Close up and top view of the Electric Daisy or Toothache plant.

(Image: H. Zell39)

Common NameScientific NameNative RegionPlant CharacteristicsHabitat and Growth Habit
45. Michaelmas Daisy (New York Aster)Symphyotrichum novi-belgiiE. Canada and U.S.Leaf: Lance-shaped, up to 6 in., alternating, hairy.Habitat: Coasts, marshes and other moist areas. Prefers full sun. Zones 4-8.
Flower: Flower heads up to 2 in. with yellow-orange central disc flowers surrounded by 20+ pink or purple ray flowers and overlapping bracts.Growth Habit: Perennial. Cascading growth. Summer to fall blooming season.
Stem: Reddish and hairy, up to 5 ft.
46. Nippon DaisyNipponanthemum nipponicumJapanLeaf: Oblong and fleshy with toothed margins, up to 4 in., prone to leaf loss.Habitat: Coastal regions with sandy, well-draining soil and full sun. Zones 5-9.
Flower: Flowerheads up to 6 in. with yellow disc centers and up to 20 white rays.Growth Habit: Perennial.
Stem: Up to 3 ft.
47. Ox-Eye DaisyLeucanthemum vulgareN. AmericaLeaf: Broadleaf evergreen, rosette arrangement around plant base, oval-shaped, up to 5 in., with toothed margins.Habitat: Thrives in disturbed habitats. Well-draining soil, full sun to part shade. Zones 3-8.
Flower: Flower heads up to 3 in., with a flat, yellow central disc surrounded by up to 20 white ray flowers.Growth Habit: Perennial. Spreads via rhizomes. Spring and summer blooming season.
48. Painted DaisyTanacetum coccineumE. Europe, Asia, IranLeaf: Soft, aromatic and feathery. Smaller as ascending.Habitat: Full sun to part shade. Well-draining soil. Zones 3-7.
Flower: Flower heads up to 3 in. with a yellow disc center and up to 20 rays in varying colors.Growth Habit: Upright and bushy. Summer bloom time.
49. Peruvian Daisy (Shaggy Soldier)Galinsoga quadriradiataMexico to S. AmericaLeaf: Oval-shaped, opposite arrangement, up to 3 in., toothed margins.Habitat: Full to part sun and fertile soil.
Flower: Small flower heads with yellow central discs and 5 white rays.Growth Habit: Annual. Weedy. Erect or sprawling. Self-seeds to form colonies.
Stem: Many-stemmed. Hairy, up to 10 in.
50. Seaside Daisy (Aspen Fleabane)Erigeron speciosusN. AmericaLeaf: Spatulate, up to 6 in., with hairy margins.Habitat: Thrives in wet or dry and rocky grasslands, meadows, and open forests. Zones 5-7.
Flower: Showy flower heads up to 3 in. with a yellow disc center and 100+ thready rays in striking hues of blue and purple.Growth Habit: Perennial. Clumping. Summer/Fall blooming season.
Common NameScientific NameNative RegionPlant CharacteristicsHabitat and Growth Habit
51. Shasta DaisyLeucanthemum x superbumHybridLeaf: Semi-evergreen, glossy, alternating, lance-shaped, up to 3 in, shallowly toothed.Habitat: Well-draining soil, full sun to part shade. Zones 4-9.
Flower: Flowerheads up to 5 in with yellow disc centers and 20+ white rays.Growth Habit: Perennial.
Stem: Rigid, up to 4 ft.
52. Silver Townsendia DaisyTownsendia incanaN. AmericaLeaf: Hairy, up to 2 in., alternate arrangement.Habitat: Desert.
Flower: Flower heads <1in., yellow disc center, and 20+ white, pink or lavender rays.Growth Habit: Shrub-like. Spring bloom time.
Stem: <3 in.Growth Habit: Shrub-like. Spring bloom time.
53. Summer Daisy (Feverfew)Tanacetum partheniumSE Europe, AsiaLeaf: Fern-like, aromatic, up to 4 in., toothed margins.Habitat: Full sun to part shade in moist, well-draining soil. Zones 5-7.
Flower: Small flower heads appear in clusters (corymb) with yellow central discs and up to 20 white rays.Growth Habit: Perennial. Mounding growth. Summer and fall blooming season. Self-seeding. Can be weedy.
Stem: Erect and branching, up to 3 ft., rounded.Growth Habit: Perennial. Mounding growth. Summer and fall blooming season. Self-seeding. Can be weedy.
54. Tatarian Daisy (Tartarian Aster)Crinitaria tataricaEurope, SiberiaLeaf: Paddle-shaped, hairless, > 6 in., rosette and alternate arrangement.Habitat: Prefers full sun and tolerates most soil types and humidity. Zones 3 to 9.
Flower: Flower heads are showy, up to 3 in., with yellow centers and up to 20 purple-blue rays.Growth Habit: Perennial. Ascending stems. Blooms in late summer and fall.

It is important to note that there are several flowering plants with the common name daisy which are not related to the Asteraceae family, such as:

  • The Livingstone Daisy (Cleretum bellidiforme): Member of the Aizoceae family. Succulent with colorful daisy-like blooms.  Native to S. Africa and the Cape Peninsula.
  • The Marsh Daisy (Armeria maritima): Member of the Plumbaginaceae family. More commonly known as sea thrift. Grass-like. Native to the Mediterranean coast.

How to Grow Daisy Flowers

The best growing conditions for Daisy Flower are full sun and well-draining soil in temperate climates.

For an exact answer to “How much sunlight does Daisy Flower need each day?” full sun preference indicates that the plant does best when it receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day. Daisies will tolerate some shade, particularly in the hottest afternoon hours.17

Graphic that shows the Daisy Flower growth rate from few centimeter, few centimeter to 1 inch, 1 - 2 inches, and 3 - 6 inches.

Understanding when to plant Daisy Flower for the best yield depends on the method of propagation. When growing Daisy Flower from a seed, the seed should be collected once it ripens and dries. They can be sown in the autumn, after ripening, if winters are mild in the area. In colder climates, plant to start the seed indoors several weeks before the last frost, or direct sow after the last frost. Note that seed sown in springtime is unlikely to blossom until the following year.

Growing a Daisy Flower from a seedling is a very popular propagation method, as nurseries typically have many Daisy options to choose from. Transplant a seedling in late spring after the last frost, add in some compost or fertilizer for a boost, and anticipate beautiful blooms by midsummer!

When growing a Daisy Flower from a cutting or by division, it is usually advised that a gardener wait until fall, or at least after the blooms die back. The plant must be entirely uprooted before it is divided. Split the plant segments so that there is healthy root and foliage in each part. Replant immediately.17, 34

The most important planting tips for Daisy Flower are:20

  1. Ensure the location gets plenty of sun, but not too much afternoon sun in very hot areas.
  2. Ensure the soil is well-draining.
  3. Don’t bury the seeds! Spread them lightly on top of the soil.
  4. Add in fertilizer or compost to speed things up.

Determining how far apart to plant Daisy Flower will be determined by the desired effect. For a dense mat of flowers, spacing around 4 to 5 inches is preferred.25

The watering needs for daisy flower plants are minimal, as most varieties require only a couple of inches of water each week during the hotter months.17

Close up photo of a purple pansy that is commonly paired with Daisy Flower.

(Image: Игоревич40)

Because English Daisies are so low maintenance, it’s nice to choose similar companion plants for growing Daisy Flower. Some flowers that pair well are pansies and daffodils. Complement the daisy plants with taller plants to create depth. Daisies also thrive in the same soil as many vegetable crops.21

Daisy Flower Growing Zone

Most Daisy Flowers can be grown as perennials in warm temperate climates. The English Daisy Flower growing zone is USDA plant hardiness zones 4 – 9.35 The growing zones for Daisy Flower (where to grow), are impacted but what variety of Daisy an individual wishes to grow, as well as whether the plant can winter indoors during harsher cold seasons.

Daisies can be grown as biennials in hotter climates, where they will typically bloom during the spring and fall with downtime during the hottest summer days. Inversely, they are often grown as annuals in colder climates where the winter temperatures drop below -30 degrees Fahrenheit.28

Daisy Flower Growth Rate

The English Daisy Flower growth rate is medium, and English daisies usually need a year to become established and begin to bloom, when they are grown from seed. Daisy seed sown in the autumn may bloom the following summer.

However, don’t be concerned about how long it takes to grow Daisy Flower, because daisy seedlings are easily found in nurseries and can be planted in early spring for summer flowering!20

Daisy Flower Disease Prevention

Daisy Flower disease prevention is not too complicated as these plants are generally disease-resistant and low maintenance. Some common pests of the Daisy Flower, such as thrips and leaf miners sometimes feed on daisy leaves. These can usually be dealt with by spraying the undersides of leaves with water and dish soap or removing infected leaves and impacted plants – both methods of natural pest control for Daisy Flower.26

Though Daisies are not prone to disease, they may become susceptible to powdery mildew or fungal leaf spots when they are subjected to too much humidity. Using a fungicide is one method for how to stop Daisy Flower disease, but naturalists will prefer to remove infected plant parts or use a baking soda spray that they can mix up at home.17, 31

The English Daisy is so familiar to gardeners in the United States, that most may not even realize that this is a non-native plant. Hailing from Europe, North Africa, and the general Mediterranean area, Bellis perennis has become naturalized in temperate climates worldwide. This guide is a thorough exploration of Bellis perennis, the English Daisy, and beyond.

Though B. perennis is the prototypical Daisy Flower, there are many other types of Daisies explored in this guide that you might want to plant in your home.

Frequently Asked Questions About Daisy Flower

How Many Types of Flowers Are There?

Flowering plants, called angiosperms, dominate the plant world. Many people have wondered “How many types of flowers are there?” and the quest to discover and document every plant species has led to the classification of more than 369,000 unique flowering plants! (Read about the Purple Weeping Willow Tree here).15, 32

How Many Types of Flowers Are in the Daisy Family?

Daisy Flowers and their close relatives are members of the Asteraceae family, a large grouping of flowering plants characterized by their many-petaled (actually many-flowered) inflorescence. Many types of flowers are included in this family, from dandelions and sunflowers to dahlias and zinnias. There are thought to be more than 32,000 unique flowering species in the enormous aster family.4

What Are the Types of White Flowers That Look Like Daisies?

There are several types of white flowers that may resemble daisies when they are in bloom, though they are not members of the daisy family, Asteraceae. Members of the Aizoceae family, such as the slenderleaf iceplant (Mesembryanthemum nodiflorum) bear strap-like white blooms that may be mistaken for daisies. (For information on trees with white flowers, see White Flowering Trees Identification).


1Family: Asteraceae; Compositae. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://www.reed.edu/biology/courses/bio332/PlantFamily/family_info/Asteraceae.html>

2English Daisy. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://wssa.net/wp-content/themes/WSSA/WorldOfWeeds/englishdaisy.html>

3Albert, S. How to Grow English Daisy – Bellis Perennis. Garden Chronicle. Retrieved September 13, 2023, from <https://gardenchronicle.com/how-to-grow-english-daisy-bellis-perennis/>

4Asteraceae. (n.d.). Wikipedia. Retrieved September 12, 2023, from <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Asteraceae>

5Banyas, J. (2021, April 2). April Birth Flower: English Daisy (Bellis perennis) (Luzerne County). Penn State Extension. Retrieved September 13, 2023, from <https://extension.psu.edu/programs/master-gardener/counties/luzerne/news/april-birth-flower-english-daisy-bellis-perennis>

6Bellis annua – wild in Provence. (n.d.). Wild Flowers Provence. Retrieved September 12, 2023, from <https://www.wildflowersprovence.fr/plant/bellis-annua/>

7Bellis caerulescens. (n.d.). Plants Bank. Retrieved September 12, 2023, from <https://plantsbank.com/bellis-caerulescens/>

8Bellis_margaritifolia. (n.d.). Acta Plantarum. Retrieved September 12, 2023, from <https://www.actaplantarum.org/flora/flora_info.php?id=505449>

9Bellis perennis – Alpine Garden Society. (n.d.). Encyclopaedia-Alpine Garden Society. Retrieved September 13, 2023, from <http://encyclopaedia.alpinegardensociety.net/plants/Bellis/perennis#top>

10Bellis perennis (Bairnwort, Banwood, Banwort, Bone Flower, Bonewort, Bruisewort, Common Gowan, Dog Daisy, Double Daisy, English Daisy, Goose Flower, Herb Margaret, Lawn Daisy, Marguerite, May Gowan, Noon Flower, True Daisy, Woundwort … (n.d.). North Carolina Extension Gardener Plant Toolbox. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://plants.ces.ncsu.edu/plants/bellis-perennis/>

11Bellis perennis Daisy, Lawndaisy, English Daisy PFAF Plant Database. (n.d.). Pfaf.org. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://pfaf.org/user/plant.aspx?LatinName=Bellis+perennis>

12Bellis perennis ‘Double Pink’ | BBC Gardeners World Magazine. (n.d.). Gardeners World. Retrieved September 13, 2023, from <https://www.gardenersworld.com/plants/bellis-perennis-double-pink/>

13Bellis perennis Facts for Kids. (n.d.). Kids encyclopedia facts. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://kids.kiddle.co/Bellis_perennis>

14Bellis sylvestris ( Southern daisy) – Botanical online. (n.d.). Botanical-online. Retrieved September 12, 2023, from <https://www.botanical-online.com/en/botany/southern-daisy>

15Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. (2023). The State of the World’s Plants report 2017. Royal Botanical Gardens Kew. Retrieved January 25, 2023, from <https://www.kew.org/about-us/press-media/state-of-the-worlds-plants-2017>

16Brickell, C. (n.d.). Alpine Garden Society Plant Encyclopaedia. Retrieved September 12, 2023, from <http://encyclopaedia.alpinegardensociety.net>

17Copeland, B. (2023, May 16). How to Grow and Care for Daisies. Martha Stewart. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://www.marthastewart.com/daisy-care-guide-7498669>

18Csanyi, C., & Tremblay, S. (2021, September 30). Parts of a Daisy Flower. Sciencing. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://sciencing.com/parts-of-a-daisy-flower-12155734.html>

19Daisy Flower. (n.d.). Beauty Garden. Retrieved September 13, 2023, from <https://www.beautygarden.com/en/content/33-daisy-flower>

20Dekker, S. (2021, June 11). How to Grow English Daisies (Bellis perennis) | Gardener’s Path. Gardener’s Path. Retrieved September 13, 2023, from <https://gardenerspath.com/plants/flowers/grow-english-daisy/>

21English Daisy Care. (n.d.). Plant Addicts. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://plantaddicts.com/english-daisy-care/>

22Explore Wildflowers in Death Valley (U.S. (2023, May 4). National Park Service. Retrieved September 14, 2023, from <https://www.nps.gov/thingstodo/explore-wildflowers-in-death-valley.htm>

23Franziska. (n.d.). Bellis perennis: profile, care & beautiful varieties. Plantura Magazin. Retrieved September 13, 2023, from <https://plantura.garden/uk/flowers-perennials/bellis-perennis/bellis-perennis-overview>

24Harmeyer, C. (2022, July 20). 5 Fascinating Facts About Daisies That Will Make You Smile. Better Homes & Gardens. Retrieved September 13, 2023, from <https://www.bhg.com/gardening/flowers/daisy-facts/>

25Hassani, N. (2023, April 7). How to Plant and Grow English Daisy. Better Homes & Gardens. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://www.bhg.com/gardening/plant-dictionary/perennial/english-daisy/>

26Leafminers / Cole Crops / Agriculture: Pest Management Guidelines / UC Statewide IPM Program (UC IPM). (n.d.). UC IPM. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://ipm.ucanr.edu/agriculture/cole-crops/leafminers/>

27McIntosh, J. (2022, June 22). How to Grow and Care for English Daisy – Flowers. The Spruce. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://www.thespruce.com/english-daisy-plant-overview-4767251>

28Mcintosh, J. (2022, June 24). 7 Species of Daisies for Your Flower Garden. The Spruce. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://www.thespruce.com/daisy-types-for-gardens-1316051>

29Rhazi, L. (n.d.). (PDF) Bellis prostrata Pomel (Asteraceae), a new species for Morocco. ResearchGate. Retrieved September 12, 2023, from <https://www.researchgate.net/publication/48185269_Bellis_prostrata_Pomel_Asteraceae_a_new_species_for_Morocco>

30Royal Botanical Garden, Kew & Kew Foundation. (2020). State of the World’s Plants and Fungi 2020. Royal Botanical Garden Kew. Retrieved January 25, 2023, from <https://www.kew.org/sites/default/files/2020-10/State%20of%20the%20Worlds%20Plants%20and%20Fungi%202020.pdf>

31Sweetser, R. (n.d.). Powdery Mildew Remedies for Plants | Almanac.com. The Old Farmer’s Almanac. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://www.almanac.com/powdery-mildew-remedies-plants>

32Thorn, J. P. R. (2016). State of the World’s Plants 2016 [Print]. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

33Bellis L. (n.d.). Plants of the World Online. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://powo.science.kew.org/taxon/urn:lsid:ipni.org:names:7884-1#children>

34Mcintosh, J. (2022, March 16). English Daisies: Care and Growing Guide. The Spruce. Retrieved September 15, 2023, from <https://www.thespruce.com/english-daisy-plant-profile-5180320>

35USDA. (2023). Plant Hardiness Zone Map. USDA. Retrieved September 22, 2023, from <https://planthardiness.ars.usda.gov/>

36Holger Krisp. CC BY 3.0 Deed. Resized and Changed Format. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Bellis-perennis-daisy-gaensebluemchen.jpg>

37By Lennity. CC BY-SA 4.0. Resized and Changed Format. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=134865164>

38By Forest & Kim Starr, CC BY 3.0. Resized and Changed Format. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://flic.kr/p/Dq1egb>

39By H. Zell. CC BY-SA 3.0. Resized and Changed Format. Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=11113763>

40By Игоревич. Public Domain. Wikimedia commons. Retrieved from <https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=5411922>

41Species Information Image: Selective Focus of Daisy flower Photo by Tim Mossholder. (2019, November 2) / Unsplash License. Cropped and added text, shape, and background elements. Unsplash. Retrieved February 23, 2024, from <https://unsplash.com/photos/selective-focus-of-daisy-flower-pwqKLNtTvcw>