Which of the Following Is Not a Goal of Sustainable Agriculture? (Answer)

Georgette Kilgore headshot, wearing 8 Billion Trees shirt with forest in the background.Written by Georgette Kilgore

Most Popular Types | March 31, 2023

Woman scratching her head looks at pesticide, fish, trees, and farmland and wonders which of the following is not a goal of sustainable agriculture?

Which of the following is not a goal of sustainable agriculture?This is a question that many people want to know the answer to, but it depends on the choices you have.

Technically, the answer to sustainable agriculture involves the improvement of the global transportation and shipping of food products, but it also emphasizes how to increase crop yields and boost food security as well as the environment.

Sustainable agriculture’s purpose is to fulfill society’s current requirements while ensuring that future generations can meet their own needs.

What Are the Goals of Sustainable Agriculture?

There are a number of goals of sustainable agriculture, including:

  • Farmers who practice sustainable agriculture aim to achieve a healthy environment, financial viability, and social and economic equality in their job. Farmers, food processors, food distributors, retail stores, customers, and waste managers are all responsible for ensuring that the agricultural system is sustainable.
  • People engaged in sustainable agriculture1 and sustainable food systems use various approaches. Soil health may be improved, water use reduced, and pollution reduced on the farm. People interested in sustainability might seek “values-based” products that are farmed using ways that will enhance farmworker well-being, protect the environment and support the local economy.
  • Sustainability study combines biology, economics, engineering chemistry and community development with other disciplines. However, there is more to sustainable agriculture than just a set of methods. An important aspect of this is an ongoing dialogue between farmers and communities as they work together to solve difficult issues concerning how we produce food and fiber.

What Are At Least 5 Sustainable Agricultural Practices?

While agricultural output is rising, it is failing in sustainability. Farms are generating vast quantities of food, fuel, and fiber, which look successful and lucrative, yet over-harvesting may occur and reduce natural resources that many creatures require to thrive.

It’s important to note that independent, small growers who have working farms (historically referred to a yeoman farmers) are the most sustainable. And people who have a worm farm and their own compost for growing veggies also have a much lower impact.

A pile of leaves left to be used as compost.

(Image: NoName_139)

By growing produce and food that is consumed at that location, these small farmers have extremely low carbon footprint amounts. In fact, just a few avocados purchased by a person who lives in the city, or a fast food meal can have a bigger carbon footprint than an entire weeks’ worth of meals that are grown, harvested and consumed on a small farm.

On the positive side, commercial farmers around the world have been attempting to come up with novel solutions to generate food at a sustainable pace. There are many diverse ways, but all aim to boost output while minimizing resource degradation. You may ask yourself, what are at least five sustainable agricultural practices? They include:

1. Crop Diversification and Rotation

Crop rotation is cultivating different crops in the exact location across many seasons. Generally, crops can only remain in one spot for three to four years. In addition to having a wide variety of crops, known as crop diversity, it is important to maintain sustainable agricultural practices.

Plants with various genetics yield better harvests because they have a larger genetic foundation. As a result of this method, pest and weed management are improved, and the nutrients in the soil are preserved. Similarly, it reduces the demand for herbicides and fertilizer.

2. Insect Control

Although chemical pesticides may be useful in the fight against pests, they can also be harmful if used in excess, leading to bugs that are resistant to them. Reducing pesticide consumption3 may be accomplished by different means as well. For example, farmers may use ladybugs to manage pests by releasing a group of them onto their fields.

Managing pests is made easier with the use of agroforestry. Insect-eating birds may be attracted to the agricultural area by planting trees that attract birds that nest and feed on the pests.

3. Minimize Tilling

Many farmers use a sort of deep cultivation known as tilling. Preventing weeds and preparing the ground for planting are two of the most well-known uses of this technique. As a result, tilling the soil may lead to erosion since it destroys and disintegrates the soil’s structure. Similarly, it reduces crop residue, which is essential for absorbing the power of heavy rainfall.

Farmer using a red tractor to cultivate the fields for planting crops.

(Image: Mark Stebnicki6)

Soil erosion may be prevented by planting seeds directly into unplowed soil, enhancing soil quality.

4. Benefits of Animals

Sustainable agriculture that emphasizes animal welfare benefits the environment and human health. This natural style of life is less stressful for animals when grown on pastures or in their preferred habitat.

Social connections with other animals and natural behavior, such as moving freely and choosing the plants they like to eat, are possible. The farm’s overall nutrient import or export balance may be maintained when livestock and crops are integrated.

5. Agroforestry and Food Forests

Agroforestry is the practice of encouraging trees and shrubs to flourish on and around farmland. Long-term, profitable land usage is the consequence of combining forestry and agricultural methods. Soil humidity and temperature are more naturally maintained by the surrounding roots when trees are present in the microclimate. Crops benefit from the shade, water, and shelter these trees provide. Trees stabilize and improve the soil, reducing nutrient runoff.

Food forests are ecosystems that have a diverse array of food plants and trees. The forest is nearly completely composed of perennial plants, the majority of which are towering nut trees and dwarf fruit trees, and layers of herbs, mushrooms, and vegetables at the ground level. Food forest systems are beneficial due to the many plants cultivated.

Likewise, the plants can thrive in the many niches within the system.

Which Agricultural Practices Helps Maintain Food Diversity?

Many people ask, which of the following is not a goal of Sustainable Agriculture? Planting traditional local species of edible plants helps in maintaining food diversity. Many people, especially smallholder farmers and agricultural communities in rural and marginal regions, might depend on local crop varieties for their food, nutrition, and economic security.

These cultivars’ variability may protect against crop failure and broad cropping windows, while the crop produced could be essential to regional cuisine, customs, and nutritional needs. Such varied variants also serve as a valuable source of regionally adapted genes for advancing other crop kinds.

Despite widespread acknowledgment of the value of local crops,2 the environment that would normally support and encourage their continued cultivation has deteriorated. This is because of the promotion and wide adoption of uniform varieties and hybrids with high yields. As a result, many native varieties and the expertise needed to cultivate and utilize them have been lost.

One of the Main Goals of the Fair Trade Movement: Raise Awareness About Which Agricultural Practices Help Maintain Food Diversity

Efforts to maintain crop variety need many components. One is education intended for farmers, communities, companies, decision-makers, and the general public on the importance of locally grown food.

The establishment of farmers’ associations and networks that allow for the sharing of information and planting materials is one option. Other options include organizing diversity fairs and using the media to promote local diversity and highlight special events.

What Agricultural Practices Controls Soil Erosion?

Crop rotation is an agricultural practice that can control soil erosion and is a main goal of sustainable agriculture. The progressive process of soil erosion is caused when soil particles are detached and removed due to the action of water or wind, which ultimately leads to the degeneration of the soil.

Erosion and runoff from land surfaces are major contributors to declining soil and water quality, which have become a global concern.

Crops planted to control erosion in rows of bright purple, green, and varigated cabbages.

(Image: Reiner7)

It is possible that the issue could get so serious that the land will no longer be able to be farmed and would need to be abandoned. As a result of poor land and resource management, most agricultural civilizations have perished throughout history; thus, studying the past might serve as a useful reminder to safeguard our natural resources.

Various crops are grown in the same region at the same time in different seasons as part of crop rotation.4 The process, which alternates deep-rooted and shallow-rooted plants, may help enhance soil texture and fertility. As a result, erosion will be reduced, and infiltration will be improved, lowering the danger of flooding in the downstream area.

Soil benefits from it in several ways. Green manure with cereals and other crops is a classic part of crop rotation. Similarly, crop rotation prevents the buildup of infections and pests that happens when a single species is grown over and over again

New procedures may be necessary to ensure water retention benefits since crop rotation is typically done for agronomic reasons rather than environmental and water goals. Due to the creation of ridges and the increased amount of exposed soil, certain crops, such as potatoes, are more susceptible to erosion.

What Is Not a Potential Benefit of Consuming Local Food? (The Goals of the Recent “Food Movement” Include Consumption of Local Food)

Increased year-round availability of fresh fruits and vegetables is not a potential benefit of consuming local food. As the world’s population continues to rise, there will be an urgent need for more effort and innovation to increase agricultural production sustainably.

Similarly, there is a need to improve the global supply chain, reduce food losses and waste, and guarantee that all children afflicted with hunger and malnutrition have access to food that is rich in nutrients. There is a growing consensus among members of the global community that it is feasible to end world hunger during the lifetime of the current young adults, and they are cooperating to make this vision a reality.

Other aspects of optimal nutrition, such as the availability of micronutrients and healthy meals, demand consideration, such as the minimum number of calories consumed. Consuming insufficient amounts of micronutrients may have long-term effects on the development of both mothers and babies.

There is a strong correlation between unhealthy diets and lifestyles and the rising prevalence of non-communicable illnesses in developed and developing nations. This is true for both developed and developing countries.

Natural foods on plates and a wooden tray including blueberries, cherries, avocado, blackberries, tomatoes, corn, onion, and a jar of honey.

(Image: Brooke Lark8)

Land, good soils, water, and plant genetic resources are essential components of food production; nevertheless, in many regions of the globe, these resources are becoming scarce, making it very necessary to make use of them and sustainably manage them. Using sustainable agricultural methods to increase crop yields in existing agricultural areas, including the restoration of degraded lands, would reduce the need for additional land to be cleared of trees for agricultural production.

The productivity of drylands may be partly maintained by the prudent use of limited water resources using advanced irrigation and storage technologies and the creation of new crop types that are more resistant to drought.

Name One of the Most Effective Ways to Improve the Nourishment of Children Worldwide

Through Rural Economic Development, the nourishment of children will improve greatly. In an effort to address a wide range of issues simultaneously, sustainable agriculture looks for systemic approaches to address these issues. Sustainable agriculture seeks to maximize both crop yield and food production while minimizing the negative effects of farming on the environment.

According to a 2007 UN study titled “Organic Agriculture and Food Security in Africa,” sustainable agriculture has the potential to help achieve global food security without increasing land consumption or negatively impacting the environment.

What Is Not a Potential Benefit Associated With Organic Meat Production?

A decrease in biodiversity is not a potential benefit associated with organic meat production.5 To ensure that the manufacturing process does not compromise the quality of the meat and the effect on the environment, organic standards must be adhered to. Consumers may choose organic to benefit from superior meat nutritional profiles while avoiding potentially harmful chemicals.

As a result of these rules, organic poultry and livestock producers are obligated to guarantee that their products are safe for both animals and people. Even though there are numerous variations between USDA Organic and non-organic meats, the most important differences are connected to what the animals consume, where and when they spend their time, and how they are handled when they are ill or injured. The management practices include:

Pasture Access

Animals such as cattle, sheep, and goats must have access to pasture for at least 120 days of each calendar year, regardless of the time of year they are being raised. The pasture they graze on must be organically maintained so that deadly synthetic pesticides and synthetic fertilizer cannot be put on it.

Sheep graze in an open field with lots of grass.

(Image: Frauke Riether10)

For animals, a grass-rich diet provides a better balance of bacteria in the rumen, the main chamber in which roughage is digested, and lower acidity in the rumen.

Grazing and Feeding

Organic animals must be fed a 100% organic diet, which excludes growth promoters, antibiotics, genetically engineered feeds or components (GMOs), or slaughtering by-products from mammals or birds. In the grazing season, organic ruminant animals must consume at least 30% of their diet from organic pasture.

Living Conditions

In organic farming, it is important to consider the animals’ developmental stage, the temperature, and the surroundings while giving them year-round outdoor access. Shade, shelter, exercise spaces, fresh air, clean drinking water, and direct sunshine are all essential components of a healthy outdoor environment. Animals must not be kept in complete captivity at all times. Feeding pads, yards, and feedlots may only be utilized during the non-grazing season or as an additional food source during the grazing season.

Carbon Offset Farming

Some new solutions are also being used to promote sustainable agriculture, using agricultural carbon offsets. These tools (offered by carbon offset companies) are different from tree planting offsets, but still help reduce carbon emissions in commercial farming.

The reduction in greenhouse gas emissions that may result from organic farming may also help to mitigate the effects of climate change. Organic farming does not allow synthetic fertilizers or pesticides, which are major contributors to climate change in agriculture. Using the above facts, you can answer the question, which of the following is not a Goal of Sustainable Agriculture?

Frequently Asked Questions About Which of the Following Is Not a Goal of Sustainable Agriculture

What Are the Techniques Used to Maintain Animal Health?

Organic farms utilize preventative healthcare techniques to keep their animals healthy and disease-free. Farmers may use additional limited medications if such attempts fail, but antibiotics and most synthetic chemicals are banned.

What Are the Techniques Used to Maintain Environmental Health?

Organic farmers and ranchers must utilize techniques with the least damaging environmental effects to get a certification. Using manure to develop crops and pastures may reduce nutrient runoff and increase the amount of carbon sequestered in their land. Crop rotation and cover crops are also used to maintain soil fertility and safeguard soil and water quality.


1Brodt, S., Six, J., Feenstra, G., Chuck, I., & Campbell, D. (2011). Sustainable Agriculture. Nature Education. Retrieved July 29, 2022, from <https://www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/sustainable-agriculture-23562787/>

2Dwivedi, S. L., Lammerts van Bueren, E. T., Ceccarelli, S., Grando, S., Upadhyaya, H. D., & Ortiz, R. (2017, October). Diversifying Food Systems in the Pursuit of Sustainable Food Production and Healthy Diets. Trends in Plant Science, 22(10), 842-856. <https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tplants.2017.06.011.>

3Nimbly Technologies. (2022). 5 Best Eco-Friendly Farming Practices to Ensure Sustainability. Nimbly Technologies. Retrieved July 29, 2022, from <https://hellonimbly.com/5-best-environment-friendly-agriculture-practices-to-ensure-sustainability/>

4Heritage Land Bank. (2017, March 16). How To Prevent Soil Erosion. Heritage Land Bank. Retrieved July 29, 2022, from <https://heritagelandbank.com/announcements/news-events/how-prevent-soil-erosion>

5The Organic Center. (2020). Why Is It Important to Choose Organic Meat? The Organic Center. Retrieved July 29, 2022, from <https://www.organic-center.org/why-it-important-choose-organic-meat>

6Photo by Mark Stebnicki. Pexels. Retrieved from <https://www.pexels.com/photo/man-riding-red-tractor-on-field-2252618/>

7Photo by Reiner. Pixabay. Retrieved from <https://pixabay.com/images/id-4755777/>

8Photo by Brooke Lark. Unsplash. Retrieved from <https://unsplash.com/photos/nTZOILVZuOg>

9Photo by NoName_13. Pixabay. Retrieved from <https://pixabay.com/images/id-3755125/>

10Photo by Frauke Riether. Pixabay. Retrieved from <https://pixabay.com/images/id-7859134/>