How Many Miles Can Electric Cars Go Before Charging (See Map)

Georgette Kilgore headshot, wearing 8 Billion Trees shirt with forest in the background.Written by Georgette Kilgore

Cars | January 8, 2024

How many miles can electric cars go a man wonders while looking at a freeway with four electric vehicles driving without carbon emissions.

First-time EV buyers often only have one question: How many miles can electric cars go before they have to be charged?

The answer, on average, isn’t a whole lot. The longer a vehicle can travel is generally dependent on the size and type of battery, which can have a serious impact on the environment.

Different electric cars have different ranges, and drivers have the option of choosing between a 200-mile range car, a 400-mile range electric car, or more, but you should know that the price of the EV increases along with the driving range.

But, by using a map and charts, you can see the range of your EV and also use a carbon counter to measure the real eco-impact of it’s battery and using fossil fuel-based electricity to charge it.

How Many Miles Can Electric Cars Go?

When determining the answer to the question, how many miles can electric cars go, it is important to assess an electric vehicle from all angles.

It is also essential to note, that while some of the best EVs available on the market today can reach a range of up to 300 miles, these electric cars are often also the most expensive options.

How Many Miles Can an Electric Car Go?

For now, the answer to how many miles can an electric car go is mainly given in economic terms, but the real number is about 150 miles.

The cars below are some of the most economical EVs on the market, and excellent options to consider when trying to establish how far can an electric car go.

(The charging cost is based on the overnight rate per kWh in the UK, which is much cheaper than the daily rate).1

Bar graph illustration of the distance traveled (in miles) by EVs per charge.

EV Make and ModelCost to ChargeEconomyRange (claimed)
EV make and model:
FIAT 500 Action
£1.794.8 miles per kWh118 miles per charge
EV make and model:
Hyundai Ioniq Electric
£3.034.5 miles per kWh193 miles per charge
EV make and model:
Tesla Model 3 (dual motor)
£5.634.4 miles per kWh360 miles per charge
EV make and model:
VW ID.3 Pure Performance
£4.134.2 miles per kWh217 miles per charge
EV make and model:
BMW i3
£3.184.1 miles per kWh190 miles per charge
EV make and model:

Kia e-Niro

£3.154.1 miles per kWh180 miles per charge
EV make and model:
MINI Electric
£2.444.1 miles per kWh145 miles per charge
EV make and model:
Skoda Enyaq iV 60
£4.654.0 miles per kWh256 miles per charge
EV make and model:
Citroen e-C4
£3.754.0 miles per kWh219 miles per charge
EV make and model:
Peugeot e-208
£3.753.9 miles per kWh217 miles per charge

How Many Miles Can Electric Car Go on One Charge?

From the above information, it is clear that electric car ranges vary according to the manufacturer. When looking to determine the best answer for, how many miles can electric car go on one charge, considering the manufacturer is often the best way to go.

Top angle view of cars traveling in a curved road.

(Image: Deva Darshan11)

How far do electric cars go on average?

  1. Shortest EV range: 84 miles
  2. Average EV range: 194 miles
  3. Longest EV range: 396 miles

The Tesla Model S Long Range Plus is one of the electric vehicles with the longest range, but there are other EV manufacturers that have the company beat when it comes to the longest range on a full charge.

Which Electric Car Has the Longest Range on a Full Charge?

When detailing which electric vehicle has the longest range, it is essential to note which electric car has the longest range on a full charge.

The below table indicates how many miles can an EV drive on a full charge (specific makes and models):

EV Make and ModelRange
Lucid Air Dream Edition520 miles per charge
Tesla Model S405 miles per charge
Tesla Model 3 Long Range358 miles per charge
Mercedes EQS350 miles per charge
Tesla Model X348 miles per charge
Tesla Model Y Long Range330 miles per charge
GMC Hummer EV1329 miles per charge
BMW iX xDrive 50324 miles per charge
Ford F-150 Lightning320 miles per charge
Rivian R1S316 miles per charge
Rivian R1T314 miles per charge
Ford Mustang Mach-E312 miles per charge
Kia EV6310 miles per charge2

While most EV ranges are manufacturer specific, it is also good to look at what other factors affect the driving range for EVs. These factors that play a part in what can affect an EV’s range include:

  • How the EV Spends Energy

For every $2.20 worth of energy, $1.91 goes towards the car moving (this equals up to 91%)

In comparison, for every $2.20 worth of energy in a petrol car, 44c goes towards moving the car, which equals up to 20%.3

  • Battery Capacity

The amount of electricity stored inside an EV battery and the energy density of said battery affects the range of an electric vehicle.

  • Adverse weather

Bad weather, especially strong winds, has an effect on the range because the engine works harder to overcome resistance. For this reason, EVs with high ranges have low air resistance.

  • Lack of Preparation

It is best to heat up an electric car while it is still charging. This is because driving a cold EV, will cost at least 20 km of range over just 5 kilometers.

Warming the car while charging, at a charging station or via solar panel, will allow the power to be generated from the charging station as opposed to the battery.

Much the same as with a gasoline-powered car, it is essential not to over-accelerate an EV, as this will have a negative effect on the range.

  • Air Conditioning and Tire Pressure

Running the air conditioner affects an EV’s range, as do tires that have too low pressure, or are worn out.

  • Weight on Board

The heavier the onboard cargo, the harder it is for an EV’s engine to compensate.

  • Condition of the Road and General Topography

Driving several kilometers uphill and driving downhill (the same distance) is impactful in different ways. Uphill requires a lot more energy, draining the battery faster, while the opposite is true for downhill.3

Bar graph illustration of the brand and model of EVs with the longest range in miles traveled when full charge.

Is An Electric Car Good for Long-Distance Travel?

The subject of topography brings up another commonly asked question: Is an electric car good for long-distance travel?

The answer is two-fold. While it is possible to travel long distances with an EV, they are generally the lesser option compared to plug-in hybrids or hybrid cars.

This is because an EV generally has a low range between charges while traveling long distances.

  • Wind again plays a factor, because as the speed increases, wind resistance increases and the efficiency drops.
  • During long trips, there are fewer opportunities to practice brake regeneration, which helps regain energy.
  • Driving in cold conditions can deplete the range of an EV by up to 40%, because of warming cycles.4

Speaking of driving long-distance EV driving, several routes have been identified in the US as being best for EV vehicle traveling.

Road TripStates
Pacific Coast HighwayWashington, California, Oregon
Natchez Trace ParkwayMississippi, Tennessee
Appalachian TrailMaine, New York, Georgia, Virginia
Atlantic CoastNew York, Massachusetts, North Carolina, South Carolina, Florida
Oregon TrailIdaho, Oregon, South Dakota, Wyoming, Illinois, Massachusetts, New York5

The Pacific Coast Highway has been named the best overall road trip and for those wondering how far can an electric car travel on a single charge during a long trip, the state government of California has ensured that at least 5500 charging points have been installed along the route.

It also begs the question, should you drive an electric car to empty before charging again?

It is essential not to let an EV battery drain completely, even though a reserve is in place. Leaving the battery to drain completely can cause it to degrade at a faster pace.

The same is true for overcharging.

How Much Does It Cost To Charge an Electric Car at a Public Charging Station?

For long-distance road trips, several charges will be required, which can cost up to $30 per charge. This is based on charging with a level 3 charger.

Graphics that shows the average distances based on current electric and gasoline powered vehicles.

However, there are several factors that influence the cost:

  • Varied electricity costs
  • Type of charger and type of battery
  • Pricing at specific charging points

How Long Does It Take To Fully Charge an Electric Car?

In addition to these factors, it is also important to know the answer to the question, how long does it take to fully charge an electric car.

Close up of white electric vehicle charging.

(Image: Rathaphon Nanthapreecha12)

It all depends on the type of charger:

  • Level 1 charger: This is the slowest charger and can take up to 24 hours to fully charge an EV
  • Level 2 charger: This type of charger can provide a charge of around 28 miles per hour, and is usually found around shopping malls and centers
  • Level 3 charger: These are the fastest chargers, and can charge an EV battery in under an hour. They are also the costliest to use.6

Can You Travel Across the Country in an Electric Car?

So, if long-distance travel is possible, can you travel across the country in an electric car?

While it is certainly possible to travel across the country, proper preparations should be made.

For instance, determining which states allow for EV vehicles to occupy HOV lanes will ensure a faster and more energy-efficient journey, as will finding hotels that include charging stations.

One of the best ways to save energy, and money, during a cross-country trip is to stop at RV parks to charge. RV parks generally provide level 2 chargers and by booking an RV spot, charging and sleeping over are paid for.

It is also better to take long trips during summer, as EVs lose power faster during winter.7

The below table highlights the best cross-country routes to take in an EV.

Cross-Country RouteCities / Regions Included in Route (Including Charging Stations and Points)
Northern coast-to-coast route (West to East)Burns, Oregon
Boise, Idaho
Twin Falls, Idaho
Ogden, Utah
Rock Springs, Wyoming
Laramie, Wyoming
Ogallala, Nebraska
Aurora, Nebraska
Council Bluffs, Iowa
Williamsburg, Iowa
Ottawa, Illinois
Mishawaka, Indiana
Fremont, Ohio
Clarion, Pennsylvania
Moosic, Pennsylvania
Hartford, Connecticut
Portland, Maine
Fairfield, Maine
South coast-to-coast route (West to East)San Diego, California
Yuma, Arizona
Tucson, Arizona
Lordsburg, New Mexico
El Paso, Texas
Pecos, Texas
Sweetwater, Texas
Grand Prairie, Texas
Bossier City, Louisiana
Jackson, Mississippi
Meridian, Mississippi
Oxford, Alabama
Macon, Georgia
Savannah, Georgia8

Best EV road trip to take in New England:

  • Portland, Maine
  • North Conway, New Hampshire
  • Burlington, Vermont
  • Albany, New York
  • Scranton, Pennsylvania
  • Wilmington, Delaware
  • Wildwoods, New Jersey
  • Mystic, Connecticut
  • Salem, Massachusetts
  • Providence, Rhode Island

Best Great Lakes road trip to take in an EV:

  • Duluth, Minnesota
  • Eau Claire, Wisconsin
  • Windsor, Wisconsin
  • Porter, Indiana
  • Lansing, Michigan
  • Bay City, Michigan
  • Sandusky, Ohio
  • Erie, Pennsylvania
  • Rochester, New York9

How Many Miles Can an Electric Car Go Before Charging?

Before going on any road trip, it is essential to determine how many miles can an electric car go before charging.

Image of electronic car's touchscreen console showing navigation information.

(Image: Brench Denil13)

In general, an EV can go up to 250 miles between charges. As mentioned above, it is not advised to let the battery run on reserve before recharging.

Before planning a road trip, consider the type of EV and its average range to determine which electric car has the shortest range or what is a good range for an electric car.

The below table contains a list of electric cars by range, including some of the longest-range EVs (new models), ranked from short to long:

EV Make and ModelEV RangeEPA Fuel Economy (City and Highway Combined)
32. Mazda MX-30 (2022)100 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 98/98/85 MPGe
31. MINI Cooper SE (2022)114 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 110/119/100 MPGe
30. Porsche Taycan Cross Turismo (2022)215 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 76/77/76 MPGe
29. Audi e-tron (2022)222 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 78/77/78 MPGe
28. Volvo XC40 Recharge (2022)223 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 85/92/79 MPGe
27. Volvo C40 Recharge (2022)226 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 87/94/80 MPGe
26. Nissan Leaf (2022)226 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 108/118/97 MPGe
25. Porsche Taycan (2022)227 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 77/75/81 MPGe
24. Jaguar I-Pace (2022)234 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 76/80/72 MPGe
23. Audi e-Tron GT (2022)238 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 82/81/83 MPGe
22. Kia Niro EV (2022)239 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 112/123/102 MPGe
21. Audi Q4 e-tron (2022)241 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 95/100/89 MPGe
20. Chevrolet Bolt EUV (2022)247 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 115/125/104 MPGe
19. Hyundai Kona Electric (2022)258 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 120/132/108 MPGe
18. Chevrolet Bolt EV (2022)259 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 120/131/109 MPGe
17. Polestar 2 (2022)270 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 107/113/100 MPGe
16. VW ID.4 (2022)275 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 112/121/102 MPGe
15. BMW i4 (2022)301 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 109/109/108 MPGe
14. Hyundai Ioniq 5 (2022)303 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 114/132/98 MPGe
13. Ford Mustang Mach-E (2022)305 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 101/108/94 MPGe
12. Kia EV6 (2022)310 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 117/134/101 MPGe
11. Rivian R1T (2022)314 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 70/74/66 MPGe
10. Rivian R1S (2022)316 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 69/73/65 MPGe
9. Ford F-150 Lightning (2022)320 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 70/78/63 MPGe
8. BMW iX (2022)324 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 86/86/87 MPGe
7. GMC Hummer EV (2022)329 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 47/51/43 MPGe
6. Tesla Model Y (2022)330 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 122/127/117 MPGe
5. Tesla Model X (2022)348 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 102/107/97 MPGe
4. Mercedes EQS (2022)350 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 95/99/92 MPGe
3. Tesla Model 3 (2022)358 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 134/134/126 MPGe
2. Tesla Model S (2022)405 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 120/124/115 MPGe
1. Lucid Air (2022)520 milesEPA Fuel Economy: 125/126/125 MPGe10

Bar graph illustration of the EVs with the longest range in 2022 based on the miles traveled per charge.

Seeing as how Tesla constantly ranks on top when it comes to range, the question follows, how far can a Tesla electric car go?

  • Tesla Model 3
Tesla Model 3 TrimTesla Model 3 Range in MilesTesla Model 3 Battery Size
Trim: Rear-Wheel Drive272 miles50 kWh
Trim: Performance315 miles75 kWh
Trim: Long Range358 miles75 kWh
  • Tesla Model S
Tesla Model S TrimTesla Model S Range in MilesTesla Model S Battery Size
Trim: Base405 miles100 kWh
Trim: Plaid396 miles100 kWh
  • Tesla Model X
Tesla Model X TrimTesla Model X Range in MilesTesla Model X Battery Size
Trim: Base348 miles100 kWh
Trim: Plaid333 miles100 kWh
  • Tesla Model Y
Tesla Model Y TrimTesla Model Y Range in MilesTesla Model Y Battery Size
Trim: Long Range330 miles75 kWh
Trim: Performance303 miles75 kWh11

Charging Tesla with solar panels will cost far less than driving a gasoline-powered vehicle. In addition to being efficient and economic, Tesla’s carbon footprint is lower, too.

How Many Miles Can Electric Cars Go?

After considering all the answers to how many miles can electric cars go, several other common questions remain:

How Fast Can an Electric Car Go?

The average speed of an electric car is 110 miles per hour, while top speeds are between 140 and 160 miles per hour.

What Is the Fastest Electric Car?

The fastest electric car is the Rimac Nevera supercar, which reached a speed of 412 km per hour.

Longest-Range Electric Car 2022

Currently, the Lucid Air is the longest-range EV with 520 miles.

Longest Range Electric Car 2023

Lucid Air will likely keep this distinction going into 2023.

Cheapest Long-Range Electric Car

Currently, the cheapest long-range electric car is the Nissan Leaf S plus with more than 200 miles.

What Happens to Electric Car Batteries?

When electric car batteries reach the end of their lifespan, they are recycled. In the US, EV manufacturers can use batteries two and three times after their warranty has expired.

Overview Of EV Range

The simple overview of the EV range is as follows:

  • Shortest range: 135 kilometers (84 miles)
  • Average range: 313 kilometers (194 miles)
  • Longest range: 637 kilometers (396 miles)12

Average EV Range 2022

The average EV range 2022 is as follows:

EV Model (2022)EV Range
BMW iXUp to 324 miles
BMW i4Up to 301 miles
Ford F-150 LightningUp to 320 miles
Ford Mustang Mach-EUp to 314 miles
Hyundai IONIQ 5Up to 303 miles
Kia EV6Up to 310 miles
Lucid AirUp to 520 miles
Mercedes-Benz EQSUp to 350 miles
Rivian R1TUp to 400+ miles
Rivian R1SUp to 400+ miles
Tesla Model SUp to 405 miles
Tesla Model XUp to 348 miles13
Tesla Model 3Up to 315 miles
Tesla Model YUp to 330 miles

Do Electric Cars Lose Range Over Time?

So, do electric cars lose range over time, considering that range is ever-expanding as new EV models are released?

Image of black electric vehicle driving through morning fog.

(Image: Sasan Hezarkhani14)

EV batteries are estimated to degrade at a rate of 2.3 percent of maximum capacity every year, which means that they could possibly last longer than traditional vehicle components.

Do EV Cars Last Longer?

Another question asked is, do EV cars last longer? It has been proven that most EVs last longer than gasoline-powered cars, and require less maintenance to boot.

What Is DTE?

What is DTE and how does it help keep EVs powered? DTE Energy is constantly working to assist in sustaining EVs while ensuring that the national grid can handle the extra strain.

The company is planning to invest 1 billion each year over a period of five years to increase charging capacity while ensuring a stable grid.

Read More About: Carbon Removal Offsets Explained: Capture Emissions and Erase Your Ecological Footprint (Complete Guide)

The plan is to increase the existing number of 1,000 charging stations (in Michigan) and expand the time between charges.14

The company’s goal is also to provide a sustainable and permanent answer to how many miles can electric cars go.

Frequently Asked Questions About How Many Miles Can Electric Cars Go

How Many Electric Cars in the World?

Currently, there are 16.5 million EVs in the world.

How Many Electric Cars in the US?

The US is home to 2,531,206 EVs, purchased between 2010 and 2022.

How Many Miles Can Electric Cars Go?

The average electric car has a range of 250 miles on one charge.

How Many Miles Do Electric Cars Last?

The average electric car battery can last up to 200,000 miles.

How Far Can You Go in an Electric Car in One Charge?

Some EV cars can travel up to 520 miles on one charge.

How Long Does It Take To Charge an Electric Car?

Depending on the type of charger and the size of the car battery, it could take as little as 30 minutes to fully charge an EV or longer than 24 hours.

How Long Does an Electric Car Battery Last per Charge?

While a battery with a 300-mile range will reach close to that mileage at the beginning of its lifespan, after 10 years it will only reach around 231 miles per charge.

How Do You Know What Range To Look for in an EV?

The most important factor to look for in an EV is the battery size and quality (kWh). The higher the kWh, the larger the ranger.

What Is Carbon Footprint of Electric Cars Vs Gasoline?

For those wondering about the carbon footprint of electric cars vs gasoline, in general, electric cars have a smaller carbon footprint compared to gasoline cars, but it must be noted that electric car batteries have a large footprint because of the fossil fuels involved in the manufacturing process.

What Are Zero Emissions Cars?

BEVs, Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles, and PHEVs are all considered zero-emission cars. However, they are not truly zero-emission vehicles, because even though no tailpipe emissions are produced, battery manufacturing has a large CO2 footprint.

What Are the Cars With Lowest CO2 Emissions?

The cars with the lowest CO2 emissions include:

  • BMW i3
  • Cadillac
  • Ford Fusion Energi
  • Hyundai Tucson PHEV
  • Renault Zoe S Edition
  • Toyota Prius
  • Nissan Leaf

What Is Carbon Footprint Driving vs Flying?

The carbon footprint of driving vs flying is simply explained as follows: One long-distance flight equals 14 percent of a passenger car’s annual emissions.


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