How To Measure Carbon Footprint of a Company (Business Carbon Calculator)

Man looks closely at a business carbon footprint calculator and a group of business executives seated behind a desk with a giant carbon footprint behind them and wonders how to measure carbon footprint of a company.

Knowing how to measure carbon footprint of a company is a vital step for any business that wants to lower their emissions amounts, and especially for those that are mandated to reduce emissions by state law.

From materials acquisition, product production, services or even electricity use, commuting and air travel, the carbon emissions of a business can be reduced when you know which activities generate the highest amounts.

Whether you are an employee or own a company, taking small steps goes a long way to help the planet.

The most critical factor is understanding how to measure carbon footprint of a company, and this can be done quickly, using a business carbon footprint calculator.

What Is My Carbon Footprint? Products and Business Emissions

Your carbon footprint measures how much greenhouse gasses you directly or indirectly emit.6 Individuals, companies, and products have their distinct carbon footprint, depending on their activities and how much carbon they emit.

A business’s carbon footprint depends on the daily production processes, travel, employee commuting, and other related factors.

On the other hand, the carbon footprint of a product accounts for the impact of obtaining raw materials, their distribution, and other aspects until shipping to the consumer, but generally does not include the waste or disposal.

Grain spread on the ground with some in white sacks.

(Image: Alexander Schimmeck13)

For the individual carbon footprint, you must measure everyday activities, from the food you eat and transport mode to the clothes you wear. Carbon ecological footprint calculators can help you estimate your environmental impact in only a few steps.

How To Calculate the Average Carbon Footprint of a Small Business UK: Business Carbon Footprint Calculator

Measuring a company’s carbon footprint takes a different approach, unlike calculating emissions for individuals.

Suppose you own a small business in the UK (or anywhere) and want to understand its environmental impact and how you can reduce emissions? In that case, one effective way to go is to use a business carbon footprint calculator.

It is a simple process where you input relevant data into software that does all the calculations for you, and the more data you provide, the more accurate the results.

The following steps help determine how to measure carbon footprint of a company.

  • Enter the business type and its industry.
  • Indicate how many employees you have and how many facilities are on the premises.
  • Enter details about how the employees travel, the facilities’ size (square footage/ meters), and whether some buildings have LEED certification.
  • Disclose the business’s capital and expenditure (labor, supply chains, materials).
  • Enter your electricity costs by checking the bills from the previous year.
  • Enter the waste and recycling details since they also emit GHG.
  • Compile all the above data for easy reference when using the carbon footprint calculator.

After organizing all the required details, you can select a calculator for your business. While there are several versions online, most of them are unique designs to calculate the individual, not company, carbon footprint.

You may need a unique calculator for this, and note that business types vary, with some generating more emissions.

Therefore, you need a calculator that accounts for the most recent data and can accommodate any business type regardless of the industry.

How To Calculate Carbon Footprint of a Company: Rules of How To Measure Carbon Footprint of a Company

Companies and industries are responsible for most human-caused carbon emissions because they involve product manufacturing.

However, some are heavier polluters than others, depending on the nature of the activity.

For example, a shipping company will likely have a much larger footprint than a small, local grocer. Likewise, a construction company will typically contribute to more emissions than a dry cleaner.

Calculating a company’s carbon footprint is like carbon accounting. The same way you would write a balance sheet for the business, there are rules to follow according to the Greenhouse Gas Protocol.3

The recommendation divides emissions into scopes 1, 2, and 3.7

Scope 1

This scope factors direct emissions from a company or the GHG caused by any activity a company undertakes. It implies the fuels burnt by the manufacturing process or driving the vehicles.

In general, scope 1 considers the emissions from sources that the company directly controls.

Scope 2

Scope 2 is a company’s indirect emissions caused by the products or energy purchase. For instance, it involves measuring the total electricity the organization consumes, or in summation, it entails the emissions from sources that the company doesn’t control.

Scope 3

Lastly, emissions in scope 3 are those that arise from the company’s activities.

It accounts for the waste that decomposes and emits GHG emissions from packaging and shipping goods and those caused by employees’ commutes and air travel.

How Does the Company Carbon Footprint Calculator Work?

A company’s carbon footprint calculator works the same way as any other carbon calculator, given that the software accurately generates the total emissions.

However, there is a slight difference in the details the user enters.

You have to provide the type of business and the industry it is under, the number of employees, the number of buildings on the premises, the total electricity cost, and other related information.

All of these factors influence the company carbon footprint.

Should Small Firms Also Know How To Measure Carbon Footprint of a Company?

Many believe that carbon footprint audits and offsets are only for large corporations, but small businesses also contribute to emissions. Besides, some small-scale corporations may sometimes emit more GHG, unlike larger companies based on the nature of operations.

Therefore, if you own a small start-up, you can still participate by using carbon footprint calculation and looking for offset programs.

Emissions, however small, also contribute to climate change.

Why Is It Important To Calculate the Carbon Footprint of a Company?

Calculating, auditing, and reducing a company’s carbon footprint is crucial to help any corporation actively participate in climate action.

Besides, it is a recommendation by major government stakeholders for all companies to meet the regulations and reduce their carbon footprints.

Workers and forklifts are moving supplies and equipment inside a spacious industrial warehouse.

(Image: CDC14)

Large and small businesses can alter their daily activities and engage in carbon offset programs to help reduce carbon emissions into the atmosphere. It starts with calculating the footprint, developing ways to reduce the emissions, and finally getting involved in carbon offset programs.

How To Measure Carbon Footprint of a Product

All human activities have a carbon footprint, including the goods and services you buy directly and indirectly. Companies creating products are also responsible for climate change, and as a business owner, you want to know if your products impact the environment.

The following are critical features of your goods if you want to know how to measure the carbon footprint of a company.


The company must first seek all the necessary raw materials before manufacturing the products as these activities are usually heavy carbon emitters.

  • Number of materials that constitute the product
  • Source of the material
  •  Logistics for transporting the materials from the source
Different sizes, shapes, and thicknesses of steel bars arranged in a cabinet.

(Image: Robby McCullough15)

Fruits in wooden crates at a store front.

(Image: Dean Moriarty16)


Many businesses ignore this aspect, which is crucial when calculating the total carbon footprint.

  • Package size
  • Nature of the materials used (whether they are recycled
  • Location of the supplier


The last step when calculating emissions from your product is factoring in the shipping cost or how you will transport it to the final consumer.

  • Mode of transporting materials
  • Distance the shipment will travel
  • Other connected factors during production
Shipping port in Baltimore, USA with large cranes and cargo containers.

(Image: David Dibert17)

Calculating Carbon Footprint for Students: How Students Can Participate?

Teachers conscious about the environment can bring their students on board to fight for climate justice. Thanks to the carbon footprint calculator for students, it is easy for the young generation to account for their carbon emissions and come up with lifestyle alterations that protect the planet.

Students worldwide can actively participate in challenges and closely examine how their activities impact the environment.8 The websites feature real-life examples and data that are great conversation and discussion starters about climate change.

The tools are free and in line with various curricula, ideal for any student. The goal is to inspire the youth to take a stand in matters of global warming and find ways to reduce their carbon emissions.

What Is the Average Carbon Footprint per Employee?

The total annual emissions of an employee working in an office setup are 3 tons CO2eq, but the numbers are higher in Europe at 3.6 tons.5 This value considers the water and energy consumption and the carbon emissions from business trips.

The estimations are that each employee accounts for 0.1 tons of water and paper, 1.1 tons of energy, and 1.8 tons on trips. The employee’s emissions also contribute to a company’s carbon footprint, not only those from the manufacturing activities.

How To Assess the Carbon Footprint of an Office Worker

One essential step in how to measure the carbon footprint of a company is to feature the scope 3 emissions, which include the employees. Their commuting, traveling for business, and how they manage waste are considerable contributors to the office’s footprint.

Employees working at computer stations in a modern office environment with hanging lights and an industrial ceiling.

(Image: Israel Andrade18)

38% of US emissions are from transportation, mainly air travel and the use of gas-powered cars. If the company is in a remote area where employees must drive to work, the carbon footprint will be higher.

The rate differs for companies in highly-populated cities where employees bike, walk or use public transport.

To make accurate analyses of a worker’s carbon footprint and, in turn, account for the business scope emissions,7 you can consider the following aspects.

  • Determine the total number of employees in the office
  • What percentage of them work remotely (from home)
  • Are there part-time employees who work fewer hours than permanent workers?
  • Divide the employees according to the office location
  • If possible, conduct a survey to determine how the employees travel to work (car, train, bus, bicycle, etc.)
  • Deploy the ideal emission factor and calculate the total carbon emissions

Carbon Footprint Audit: How It Helps With How To Measure Carbon Footprint of a Company

If you are uncertain of how to measure the carbon footprint of a company, you can hire consultants to help with the carbon footprint audit. The report determines all the aspects of the business that cause harmful emissions to help the stakeholders chart a way forward.

Accurate analysis of the activities leading to a high carbon footprint makes it easier to establish measures to reduce GHG levels. The areas include energy usage, travel expenses, fuel consumption, employee footprint, and several others.

A detailed and accurate audit report for each business can help identify emitters and allow the company to adjust its operations or develop strategies to reduce its carbon footprint. It is also critical documentation for consumers to help them understand what transacting with the company means for the environment.

What Is the Average Carbon Footprint per Person by Country?

Each country has contributed to the gas emissions. Most emissions recorded are from companies but have you ever wondered about the average carbon footprint per person in each country and how it impacted our environment?

Therefore, we must take action to combat climate change in any way possible.

Below is a table showing the average carbon footprint per country. Carbon Footprint by Country 2020.11

Country Carbon Emissions per Capita
Palau 55.29
Qatar 35.64
Trinidad and Tobago 21.97
Bahrain 21.60
Kuwait 20.91
UAE 20.70
Saudi Arabia 16.96
Oman 16.90
Australia 15.22
Canada 14.43

Number of carbon emission per person by country data on a bar graph with number of tons on the x-axis and countries (Palau, Qatar, Trinidad and Tobago, Bahrain, Kuwait, UAE, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Australia, Canada) on the y-axis.

Country Carbon Emissions per Capita
Kazakhstan 14.22
United States 13.68
Turkmenistan 13.37
Luxembourg 13.24
South Korea 12.07
Falkland Islands 10.09
Mongolia 11.91
Russia 11.64
Estonia 11.05
Czech Republic 8.66

Number of carbon emission per person by country data on a bar graph with number of tons on the x-axis and countries (Kazakhstan, United States, Turkmenistan, Luxembourg, South Korea, Falkland Islands, Mongolia, Russia, Estonia, Czech Republic) on the y-axis.

Country Carbon Emissions per Capita
Netherlands 8.42
Japan 8.39
Greenland 8.34
Serbia 8.31
Montenegro 8.31
Iran 8.26
China 8.2
Malaysia 7.98
Libya 7.9
Norway 7.74

Number of carbon emission per person by country data on a bar graph with number of tons on the x-axis and countries (Netherlands, Japan, Greenland, Serbia, Montenegro, Iran, China, Malaysia, Libya, Norway) on the y-axis.

Country Carbon Emissions per Capita
Germany 7.72
Bulgaria 7.71
South Africa 7.41
Finland 7.29
Austria 7.25
New Zealand 6.83
Bosnia and Herzegovina 6.70
Ireland 6.68
Slovenia 6.62
Belarus 6.26

Number of carbon emission per person by country data on a bar graph with number of tons on the x-axis and countries (Germany, Bulgaria, South Africa, Finland, Austria, New Zealand, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Ireland, Slovenia, Belarus) on the y-axis.

Country Carbon Emissions per Capita
Slovakia 5.85
Laos 5.84
Bulgaria 5.48
Cyprus 5.19
Hungary 5.14
Greece 5.06
Italy 5.03
Turkey 4.83
Lithuania 4.75
Bahamas 4.64

Number of carbon emission per person by country data on a bar graph with number of tons on the x-axis and countries (Slovakia, Laos, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Hungary, Greece, Italy, Turkey, Lithuania, Bahamas) on the y-axis.

Country Carbon Emissions per Capita
United Kingdom 4.66
Spain 4.62
Chile 4.58
Denmark 4.43
Ukraine 4.34
Croatia 4.30
France 4.26
Sweden 4.18
Switzerland 4.07
Latvia 3.93

Number of carbon emission per person by country data on a bar graph with number of tons on the x-axis and countries (United Kingdom, Spain, Chile, Denmark, Ukraine, Croatia, France, Sweden, Switzerland, Latvia) on the y-axis.

Country Carbon Emissions per Capita
Romania 3.91
Argentina 3.88
Algeria 3.77
Thailand 3.68
Azerbaijan 3.36
Vietnam 3.27
Botswana 2.92
Suriname 2.88
Gabon 2.76
Uzbekistan 2.72

Number of carbon emission per person by country data on a bar graph with number of tons on the x-axis and countries (Romania, Argentina, Algeria, Thailand, Azerbaijan, Vietnam, Botswana, Suriname, Gabon, Uzbekistan) on the y-axis.

Country Carbon Emissions per Capita
Jamaica 2.71
Venezuela 2.68
Georgia 2.68
Egypt 2.62
Jordan 2.59
French Guiana 2.50
Tunisia 2.40
Brazil 2.11
Indonesia 2.09

Number of carbon emission per person by country data on a bar graph with number of tons on the x-axis and countries (Jamaica, Venezuela, Georgia, Egypt, Jordan, French Guiana, Tunisia, Brazil, Indonesia) on the y-axis.

Examples of Companies That Measure Carbon Footprint: How To Measure Carbon Footprint of a Company

Assessing the total carbon emissions of a company can be tasking, especially when it’s a large corporation with hundreds of employees.

The best way to do a carbon audit is to contact companies in the business with experience handling such tasks.

Aerial photo of a highway with lots of traffic.

(Image: Pixabay19)

Many organizations help businesses review their carbon footprint and recommend effective offsets. They help you account for your company’s emissions from various aspects like air travel, commuting, shipping, etc.

The second step is to help you develop a monthly tree planting carbon offset plan that is special for your business and will be the most effective based on the industry. The last stage is to devise offsets to help reduce GHG and produce clean energy.

Carbon Footprint Standard: Which One To Use

To tackle the climate crisis, stakeholders had to devise methodologies to ensure that companies check on their carbon footprints. Stakeholders established standards to make the processes more transparent and classified the result into two groups.

Group 1 focuses on emissions directly related to climate change, while group 2 methodologies handle environmental issues at large, including aspects of climate change.

The emphasis on PCFs (Product Carbon Footprint) in group 2 and the increased efforts to check companies’ carbon footprints have been practical. Still, the several standards to follow can be overwhelming, and you must pick an effective and sustainable one.

The ultimate step when choosing the ideal carbon footprint standard is to identify your company’s goals. Do you need it for public reporting? Do you want it to be in line with legislative requirements?

Answering these questions can help you narrow down to a particular methodology.

How To Calculate Carbon Footprint Manually for Your Company

Knowing how to measure the carbon footprint of a company is the primary step in determining how running it impacts the planet and drives the stakeholders to find ways to tackle it.

You can seek services from third-party organizations, hire consultants, or do the entire process manually.

Photo of a warehouse full of busy employees and packaged products.

(Image: Remy Gieling20)

Determining a business’s carbon footprint is pretty simple; you only have to find the activities causing the emissions and multiply them with the particular emission factor,9 but several working methods tie to the laid-out standards.

Carbon footprint= data from the activity x emission factor

Here, the data you use means the readings from various GHG-emitting activities. Before you get to the final calculation, some vital steps may help.

First, pick the year for the computations, determine the operational limits, then collect the consumption data. After analyses, you can now prepare reduction plans based on the findings.

Carbon Audit Process: Steps and Types of Audits

Since companies aim for carbon neutrality and are working relentlessly to reduce their carbon footprints, it is common for them to compile and publish their carbon footprints.

Such documents are vital records from organizations in line with the GHG protocols and related standards.

There are five audit types if you hire a consultant to create your carbon footprint audit.1

  • The NoCO2 is for organizations that want to go carbon neutral, involving analyzing all the possible aspects causing emissions.
  • LowCO2 is manageable for companies that cannot go carbon neutral, given their nature of operations.
  • Product life-cycle inventory analyzes how a company’s manufacturing and product delivery affects the environment.
  • Event assessment checks how much carbon is released into the atmosphere during running events.
  • Customized services are special audits for unique businesses that need a unique look at some particular factors that cause emissions.

What Are the Benefits of Carbon Footprinting?

Every business person knows that waste derails a company’s operations. Thanks to carbon footprint audits, firms can pinpoint waste sources and find ways to reduce them and lower operational costs.

Photo of a car manufacturing plant.

(Image: carlos aranda21)

There won’t be more energy or material loss throughout the manufacturing process. Additionally, company relations with the public have changed.

Now, consumers value the quality of goods and services and check if the business adversely affects the environment.2

Measuring the carbon footprint is not only for large corporations but for any business owner mindful of the environment. Besides, the computation usually involves data already in the company’s possession, like bills and expenses; therefore, carbon auditing doesn’t have to be expensive.

Related Reading: What Are the Top Carbon Offset Providers?

Advantages of Calculating Your Carbon Footprint

If your company is yet to start calculating its carbon footprint, the following upsides may help change your mind.

Reduced OPEX

When you measure your business’s carbon footprint, you can quickly identify whether you are funding unnecessary activities, which may save you a lot of money in the long run.4 Converting to clean energy, recycling, and making other changes may also increase the company’s profit margin.

Increased Brand Loyalty

Customers are usually loyal to ethical businesses and those that show environmental responsibility. Instead, they buy from eco-friendly companies and don’t mind paying more.

Adherence To Trade Regulations

The Paris Agreement in 2015 steered the EU’s plans to reduce GHG emissions and establish policies to regulate companies’ carbon footprint.10 Therefore, following these regulations is not only kind to the planet, but you will also meet worldwide trading regulations.

Commitment From Employees and Stakeholders

Employees and investors prefer working with eco-friendly companies, and commitment to sustainable activities creates an excellent working environment for all parties involved.

Kindness to the Environment

The primary reason for a company to check and reduce its carbon footprint is because it is the best thing to do for the planet and is a small step towards achieving countries’ climate goals.

How To Become Carbon Neutral Business: Steps To Take as a Company

A common question for people who are into business and also the green movement is how to become carbon neutral. Some business owners believe it is impossible to achieve carbon neutrality, but in reality, it only takes a few steps.

First and most importantly, you need to know how to measure the carbon footprint of a company.

Next, with the data in hand, it becomes easier to set up ways to reduce the organization’s carbon footprint. It also helps to offset the remaining emissions by participating in environmental programs that help reduce GHGs.

Photo of a hand holding a tree seedling.

(Image: Akil Mazumder12)

Doing these gets you a step ahead to gaining carbon neutrality accreditation, and finally, you can publicize your milestone on various platforms like social media. You can announce it on your company website or find multiple ways to reach your customers and potential clients.

You may own a small or large corporation and wonder how to become carbon neutral business. It only takes a few steps, and you will gradually be on your way to certification.

First, you should know how to measure the carbon footprint of a company using a business carbon calculator. Next, find ways to reduce the carbon footprint from various company activities, from manufacturing, air travel, commuting, product shipping, and other tasks leading to GHG emissions.

Lastly, you can engage in carbon offset programs like the Fashion Forward Hero Carbon Offset for businesses in the fashion industry to help fund projects that support climate justice.

Gradually, your company will receive carbon-neutral certification, and you will simultaneously be protecting the environment. Therefore, by learning how to measure carbon footprint of a company, you can easily obtain net-zero emissions and contribute to the well-being of the planet.

Frequently Asked Questions About How To Measure Carbon Footprint of a Company

What Are the Uses of the Carbon Footprint Calculator for Printing?

Carbon footprint calculators for printing allow users to determine their total energy consumption, carbon output, paper usage, and printing costs. It is vital in office setups where there is a lot of printing work because companies should understand the impact of the task on the environment.

What Is a Carbon-Neutral Business?

When companies and products are carbon neutral, they have assessed their carbon footprints, set up ways to reduce their carbon emissions, and actively participated in carbon offset programs to cover for the little emissions they cannot avoid.

Read More About How To Measure Carbon Footprint of a Company


1Carbon Reduction Institute. (2022). Carbon Footprint Audit Process. Carbon Reduction Institute. Retrieved October 27, 2022, from <>

2Compare Your Footprint. (2016, July 26). The benefits of Carbon Footprinting. Compare Your Footprint. Retrieved October 27, 2022, from <>

3fsb. (2021, October 29). How to calculate your carbon footprint as a small business. Fsb. Retrieved October 27, 2022, from <>

4Martina Hauser. (2019). 6 Benefits for Calculating Carbon Footprint of Your business. Martina Hauser. Retrieved October 27, 2022, from <>

5Tree-Nation. (2020, February 28). The carbon emissions of an employee. Tree-Nation. Retrieved October 27, 2022, from <>

6University of Michigan. (2021). Carbon Footprint Factsheet. Center of Sustainable Systems. Retrieved November 23, 2022, from <>

7United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2022, September 9). Scope 1 and Scope 2 Inventory Guidance. EPA Center for Corporate Climate Leadership. Retrieved November 23, 2022, from <>

8University of Washington. (2022). International Student Carbon Footprint Challenge. Inquiry to Student Environmental Action. Retrieved November 23, 2022, from <>

9United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2022, January 4). Basic Information of Air Emissions Factors and Quantification. Air Emissions Factors and Quantification. Retrieved November 23, 2022, from <>

10Wikipedia. (2022, November 20). Paris Agreement. Wikipedia. Retrieved November 23, 2022, from <>

11World Population Review. (2022). Carbon Footprint by Country 2022. World Population Review. Retrieved November 24, 2022, from <>

12Akil Mazumder. Pexels. Retrieved from <>

13Alexander Schimmeck. Unsplash. Retrieved fro <>

14CDC. Unsplash. Retrieved from <>

15Robby McCullough. Unsplash. Retrieved from <>

16Dean Moriarty. Pixabay. Retrieved from <>

17David Dibert. Pexels. Retrieved from <>

18Israel Andrade. Unsplash. Retrieved from <>

19Pixabay. Pexels. Retrieved from <>

20Remy Gieling. Unsplash. Retrieved from <>

21carlos aranda. Unsplash. Retrieved from <>